|Chemical and physical data|
|3D model (Jmol)||Interactive image|
Galeterone (TOK-001 or VN/124-1) is a novel steroidal antiandrogen under development by Tokai Pharmaceuticals for the treatment of prostate cancer. It possesses a unique dual mechanism of action, acting as both an androgen receptor antagonist and an inhibitor of CYP17A1, an enzyme required for the biosynthesis of the androgens. It shows selectivity for 17,20-lyase over 17-hydroxylase.
Galeterone was being compared to enzalutamide in a phase III clinical trial (ARMOR3-SV) for AR-V7-expressing metastatic castration-resistant prostate cancer. Tokai announced the discontinuation of ARMOR3-SV on July 26, 2016, after a data monitoring committee determined that the trial was unlikely to meet its endpoint. On August 22, 2016, the company announced the discontinuation of their phase II expansion (ARMOR2) as well.
- Brawer MK (2008). "New treatments for castration-resistant prostate cancer: highlights from the 44th annual meeting of the american society of clinical oncology, may 30-june 3, 2008, chicago, IL". Rev Urol. 10 (4): 294–6. PMC 2615106. PMID 19145273.
- Yin L, Hu Q (2014). "CYP17 inhibitors--abiraterone, C17,20-lyase inhibitors and multi-targeting agents". Nat Rev Urol. 11 (1): 32–42. doi:10.1038/nrurol.2013.274. PMID 24276076.
- "A Study of Galeterone Compared to Enzalutamide In Men Expressing Androgen Receptor Splice Variant-7 mRNA (AR-V7) Metastatic CRPC - Full Text View - ClinicalTrials.gov". clinicaltrials.gov. Retrieved 2016-02-27.
- Silberstein, John L.; Taylor, Maritza N.; Antonarakis, Emmanuel S. (2016-04-01). "Novel Insights into Molecular Indicators of Response and Resistance to Modern Androgen-Axis Therapies in Prostate Cancer". Current Urology Reports. 17 (4): 29. doi:10.1007/s11934-016-0584-4. ISSN 1534-6285. PMC 4888068. PMID 26902623.