| IUPAC name
| Other names
Norbufotenin; Nω-Methylserotonin; N-Methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine
|3D model (Jmol)||Interactive image|
|Molar mass||190.25 g·mol−1|
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N-Methylserotonin is a tryptamine alkaloid. Chemically, it is a derivative of serotonin in which a methyl group resides at its alkyl amine. It is also called Nω-methylserotonin (Nω-methyl-5-hydroxytryptamine) to distinguish it from tryptamine-derived compounds in which a methyl group is bonded to the nitrogen atom of the indole group.
N-Methylserotonin is found in plants, animals, and fungi. These include the plants, Actaea racemosa (black cohosh) and Zanthoxylum piperitum, the Green and Golden Bell Frog, Litoria aurea, and Amanita mushrooms. The compound binds to several serotonin receptors, including the 5-HT7 and 5-HT1A receptors, with high affinity (IC50 ≤ 2 nM) and selectivity, and displays agonist activity; besides its direct interaction with the serotonin receptors, N-methylserotonin also acts as a selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor.
N-Methylserotonin is not scheduled at the federal level in the United States, but could be considered an analog (of Bufotenin), in which case, sales or possession intended for human consumption could be prosecuted under the Federal Analog Act.
- Powell, SL; Gödecke, T; Nikolic, D; Chen, SN; Ahn, S; Dietz, B; Farnsworth, NR; Van Breemen, RB; Lankin, DC (2008). "In vitro serotonergic activity of black cohosh and identification of N(omega)-methylserotonin as a potential active constituent". Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry. 56 (24): 11718–26. doi:10.1021/jf803298z. PMID 19049296.
- Yanase, E; Ohno, M; Harakawa, H; Nakatsuka, SI (2010). "Isolation of N,N-dimethyl and N-methylserotonin 5-O-β-glucosides from immature Zanthoxylum piperitum seeds". Bioscience, Biotechnology, and Biochemistry. 74 (9): 1951–2. doi:10.1271/bbb.100261. PMID 20834148.
- McClean, Stephen; Robinson, Robert C.; Shaw, Chris; Smyth, W. Franklin (2002). "Characterization and determination of indole alkaloids in frog-skin secretions by electrospray ionization ion trap mass spectrometry". Rapid Communications in Mass Spectrometry. 16 (5): 346–354. doi:10.1002/rcm.583. PMID 11857717.
- Tyler, V. E., Jr.; Groeger, D. (1964). "Amanita alkaloids. II. Amanita citrina and Amanita porphyria". Planta Medica. 12 (4): 397–402. doi:10.1055/s-0028-1100193.
- §1308.11 Schedule I.
- Florida Statutes - Chapter 893 - DRUG ABUSE PREVENTION AND CONTROL