IUPAC name
Other names
Bufotenidin, N,N,N-trimethylserotonin
487-91-2 YesY
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
ChemSpider 2340772 N
PubChem 3083591
Molar mass 218.30 g·mol−1
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

Bufotenidine, also known as 5-hydroxy-N,N,N-trimethyltryptammonium (5-HTQ), is a toxin related to bufotenin, serotonin, and other tryptamines which is found in the venom of a variety of toads.[1][2] It acts as a selective 5-HT3 receptor agonist, and has been used in scientific research to study the function of the 5-HT3 receptor, though this use has been limited by the fact that, as a quaternary amine, it is unable to readily cross the blood-brain-barrier.[3]

See also


  1. Wieland, Heinrich; Konz, Wilhelm; Mittasch, Heinz (1934). "Toad poisons. VII. Constitution of bufotenin and bufotenidine". Justus Liebigs Annalen der Chemie. 513: 1–25. doi:10.1002/jlac.19345130102.
  2. Raymond-Hamet (1943). "Bufotenidine, an extremely active principle of the venom of the common toad (Bufo bufo)". Comptes rendus des séances de la Société de biologie et de ses filiales. 137: 74–75.
  3. Bryan L. Roth (17 August 2008). The Serotonin Receptors: From Molecular Pharmacology to Human Therapeutics. Springer Science & Business Media. pp. 108–. ISBN 978-1-59745-080-5.

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