Buol language

Native to Indonesia
Region Central Sulawesi
Native speakers
96,000 (2000 census)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 blf
Glottolog buol1237[2]

Buol (Bual, Bwo’ol, Bwool, Dia) is a Philippine language spoken in North-eastern Sulawesi, Indonesia.


Vowels are /a e i o u/. Stress falls on penultimate syllable, with sequence of like vowels counting as one syllable. Consonants are:

p k (ʔ)
b d (dʒ) ɡ
m ŋ
β (s) (h)
r ʎ
w j

/dʒ/ occurs in loans. /h/, /s/, /ʔ/ are found in loans and a small number of native words, such as /buahaŋa/ 'k.o. cricket', /sio/ 'nine', /naʔal/ 'bark slippers'.

/β/ only occurs before /u/, but there are near-minimal pairs such as /βuŋo/ 'fruit', /buŋol/ 'leaf'.

/ʎ/ is pronounced [l] after a front vowel, as in [dila] 'tongue'; [] if not, but preceded by a front vowel, as in [ae] 'chin'; and [ʎ] elsewhere. However, there is an exception with the sequences /ʎaʎa, ʎoʎa, ʎoʎo/, where the first /ʎ/ is pronounced [l], as in /ʎoʎo/ [loʎo] 'face'.


  1. Buol at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Buol". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.

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