Subanon language

Subanen, Subanun
Kalibugan, Kolibugan
Region Western Mindanao
Native speakers
(400,000 cited 1978–2011)[1]
Language codes
ISO 639-3 Variously:
syb  Central
stb  Northern
suc  Western
skn  Kolibugan
laa  Lapuyan
sfe  Eastern
Glottolog suba1253[2]

The Subanon language (also Subanen and Subanun) is an Austronesian language belonging to the Mindanao languages. It is typically considered by linguists as a dialect cluster more than a monolithic language. Subanon is spoken in various areas of Zamboanga Peninsula namely the provinces of Zamboanga Sibugay, Zamboanga del Norte and Zamboanga del Sur, and in Misamis Occidental of Northern Mindanao. There is also a sizeable Subanon community in Misamis Oriental. Most go by the name of Subanen, Subanon or Subanun, while those who adhere to Islam refer to themselves as Kalibugan.


  1. Central at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Northern at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Western at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Kolibugan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Lapuyan at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
    Eastern at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Subanon". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
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