Umiray Dumaget language
|Umiray Dumaget Agta|
Umiray Dumaget is spoken along the Pacific coast of eastern Luzon from just south of Baler, Aurora to the area of Infanta, Quezon, and on the northern coast of Polillo Island (Himes 2002:275-276). Himes (2002) reports little dialectal variation.
Umiray Dumaget is difficult to classify. Himes (2002) posits a Greater Central Philippine connection. However, Lobel (2013:230) believes that Umiray Dumaget may be a primary branch of the Philippine languages, or may be related to the Northeastern Luzon languages, Sambali-Ayta (Central Luzon), or Manide and Inagta Alabat. According to Lobel, Umiray Dumaget does not subgroup in the Central Philippine or even Greater Central Philippine branches (Lobel 2013:275).
- Umiray Dumaget Agta at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
- Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Umiray Dumaget Agta". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
- Reid, Lawrence A. 1994. "Possible Non-Austronesian Lexical Elements in Philippine Negrito Languages." In Oceanic Linguistics, Vol. 33, No. 1 (Jun. 1994), pp. 37-72.
- Himes, Ronald S. 2002. The relationship of Umiray Dumaget to other Philippine languages. Oceanic Linguistics 41(2):275-294.
- Lobel, Jason William. 2013. Philippine and North Bornean languages: issues in description, subgrouping, and reconstruction. Ph.D. dissertation. Manoa: University of Hawai'i at Manoa.