Kubu language

Not to be confused with Irimba language.
Native to Indonesia
Region Sumatra
Ethnicity Kubu people
Native speakers
(10,000 cited 1989)[1]
Dialects Lalang, Bajat, Ulu Lako, Tungkal, Tungkal Ilir, Dawas, Supat, Jambi, Ridan
Language codes
ISO 639-3 kvb
Glottolog kubu1239[2]

Kubu is a Malayan language spoken in the southern swamps of the island of Sumatra in Indonesia by the Kubu people (Orang Rimba), many of whom are nomadic. There is a degree of dialectal diversity.

In Bukit Duabelas (Jambi), the Rimba language is very glottal, which initially makes it difficult to understand.[3] Some of the variations in Kubu isolects have been presented by Dunggio [4]


  1. Kubu at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Kubu". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. Sager, Steven (2008). The Sky is our Roof, the Earth our Floor: Orang Rimba Customs and Religion in the Bukit Duabelas Region of Jambi, Sumatra
  4. Dunggio (1995). Struktur Bahasa Kubu

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