Bima language

Not to be confused with Bima language (Bantu).
Nggahi Mbojo
Region Sumbawa
Native speakers
(500,000 cited 1989)[1]
  • Kolo
  • Sangar (Sanggar)
  • Toloweri
  • Bima
  • Mbojo
Latin, Mbojo
Language codes
ISO 639-3 bhp
Glottolog bima1247[2]

The Bima language, or Bimanese (Bima: Nggahi Mbojo, Malay: Bahasa Bima) is an Austronesian language spoken on the eastern half of Sumbawa Island, Indonesia, which it shares with speakers of the Sumbawa language. Bima territory includes the Sanggar Peninsula, where the extinct Papuan language Tambora was once spoken. "Bima" is an exonym; the autochthonous name for the territory is "Mbojo" and the language is referred to as "Nggahi Mbojo." It is closely related to the languages of Sumba Island to the southeast. There are over half a million Bima speakers. Neither the Bima nor the Sumbawa people have alphabets of their own for they use the alphabets of the Bugis and the Malay language indifferently.[3]


  1. Bima at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Bima". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. James Cowles Prichard (1874). Researches into the Physical History of Mankind Volume 5: Containing Researches Into the History of the Oceanic and of the American Nations. Sherwood, Gilbert, and Piper. ASIN B0041T3N9G.

External links

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