Bolinao language

Native to Philippines
Region Bolinao and Anda, Pangasinan
Ethnicity Bolinao people
Native speakers
51,000 (2007 census)[1]
Latin (Filipino alphabet)
Historically Baybayin
Official status
Regulated by Komisyon sa Wikang Filipino
Language codes
ISO 639-3 smk
Glottolog boli1256[2]

The Bolinao language or Binubolinao is a Central Luzon language spoken primarily in the municipalities of Bolinao and Anda, Pangasinan in the Philippines. It has approximately 50,000 speakers (Ethnologue 1990), making it the second most widely spoken Sambalic language.


Bolinao has 21 phonemes: 16 consonants and five vowels. Syllable structure is relatively simple. Each syllable contains at least a consonant and a vowel.


Bolinao has five vowels. They are:

There are six main diphthongs: /aɪ/, /əɪ/, /oɪ/, /uɪ/, /aʊ/, and /iʊ/.


Below is a chart of Bolinao consonants. All the stops are unaspirated. The velar nasal occurs in all positions including at the beginning of a word.

Bilabial Dental Palatal Velar Glottal
Nasal m n (ny) /ɲ/ ng /ŋ/
Plosive Voiceless p t k /ʔ/
Voiced b d g
Affricate Voiceless (ts) (ty) /tʃ/
Voiced (dy) /dʒ/
Fricative s (sy) /ʃ/ h
Flap r
Approximant j w
Lateral l (ly) /ʎ/

Language Comparison

A common proverb[3] from Philippine national hero Jose Rizal in English, “He who does not acknowledge his beginnings will not reach his destination,” is translated into Bolinao and followed by Pangasinan, the dominant indigenous language of Pangasinan province and the original in Tagalog for comparison:

Bolinao "Si'ya a kai tanda' nin lumingap sa pangibwatan na, kai ya mirate' sa keen na."
Pangasinan "Say toon agga onlingao ed pinanlapuan to, agga makasabi'd laen to."
Tagalog "Ang hindi marunong lumingon sa pinanggalingan ay hindi makararating sa paroroonan."

See also


  1. Bolinao at Ethnologue (18th ed., 2015)
  2. Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin; Bank, Sebastian, eds. (2016). "Bolinao". Glottolog 2.7. Jena: Max Planck Institute for the Science of Human History.
  3. National Philippine Proverb in Various Philippine Languages

External links

This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 12/7/2015. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.