The Ambai language is an Austronesian language spoken in Indonesian New Guinea (Papua Province), mostly on the Ambai Islands as well as the southern part of Yapen Island. The number of speakers is estimated to be 10,000.
Ambai has 19 consonants and 6 vowels, shown on the tables below.
|Stop||b p||d t||ɡ k|
The following bound pronouns are obligatorily added as affixes to the verb to stand as the subject of the sentence. Every verb in Ambai takes a subject, even if it is a 'dummy' 3rd person pronoun.
The following pronouns are independent and are more restricted in use. They do not appear as subjects – since the subject is marked already on the verb – but can appear as objects, in prepositional phrases and in subordinate clauses. Some verbs allow the object pronoun to be omitted.
Examples of pronouns used in everyday language:
(1) b-oti suru 2SG-see 3DL.OBJ "Look at them (two)." (2) uru u-minohi 3DL 3DL-sit "They sit."
- P.J. Silzer Ambai, an Austronesian Language of Irian Jaya, Indonesia, Ph.D. Australian National University, 1983.
- The Ambai Language Documentation Page
- A Short Description of Ambai Grammar, by Ariel Gutman
- A Grammar Sketch of Ambai, by Fannie St-Pierrre-Tanguay