List of Spanish dishes

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This is a list of dishes found in Spanish cuisine. Entries in a blue or red color indicate types of Spanish foods.

Spanish dishes

Name Image Region Type Description


Murcia Salad a Murcian salad that consists of several types of grilled vegetables, such as eggplants, spicy red peppers, red tomato and sweet onions. Once well cooked on the grill, those vegetables are peeled and/or sliced in strips, the seeds removed, and seasoned with olive oil and salt, and sometimes with garlic as well.
Arroz a la cubana Canary Islands rice dish a dish consisting of rice, a fried egg, a fried banana and tomato sauce.
Arròs negre
Arroz negro, paella negra
Valencian Community rice dish a cuttlefish (or squid) and rice dish very similar to seafood paella. It is made with cephalopod ink, cuttlefish or squid, rice, garlic, green cubanelle peppers, sweet paprika, olive oil and seafood broth.
Chicharrón (Pork Scratchings) Andalusia Pork dish a dish made of fried pork rinds. It is sometimes made from chicken, mutton, or beef.
gireta, or girella
Aragon Pudding an Aragonese type of haggis.
Castilla-La Mancha, Castilla y León and Extremadura meat dish a fried lamb or goat meat along with olive oil, garlic, vinegar, basil, rosemary, bay leaves, and spearmint.
Escabeche Everywhere referring to both a dish of poached or fried fish, and not only fish (escabeche of chicken, rabbit or pork is common in Spain) that is marinated in an acidic mixture before serving, and to the marinade itself.
Valencian Community noodle dish a noodle dish with a similar recipe to paella, usually made with seafood and fish, and optionally served with aioli sauce (garlic and olive oil sauce).
Gachas Andalusia an ancestral basic dish from central and southern Spain. Its main ingredients are flour, water, olive oil, garlic and salt.
Gazpacho manchego Manchego cuisine staple dish pieces of torta de Gazpacho, also known as torta cenceña, a type of flat bread, mixed with a quail, pigeon, hare or rabbit stew.
Merienda Everywhere a midday meal had in Spain around 5 or 6p.m. to fill in the meal gap between lunch and dinner. It is a simple meal that often consists of a sandwich or coffee for adults, or chocolate with biscuits for children, etc.
Valencia rice dish a saffron rice dish combined with white fish, shrimps, squids and clams. Rice can be mixed with fish and meat (Mixed paella) or vegetables (Vegetarian paella). The name "paella" comes from the name of the special pan used for the cooking.
Pescaito frito
Andalusia seafood fried fish
Pinchitos Andalusia meat dish a Moroccan influenced dish consisted of small cubes of meat threaded onto a skewer (pincho) which are traditionally cooked over charcoal braziers.
Pringá Andalusia meat dish It consists of roast beef or pork, cured sausages such as chorizo and morcilla, and beef or pork fat that is slow cooked for many hours until the meat falls apart easily.
Ropa vieja Canary Islands meat dish shredded flank steak in a tomato sauce base

Breads and pastries

Name Image Region Type Description
Basque Country and Navarre appetizer a small slice of bread upon which an ingredient or mixture of ingredients is put and held there using a stick. The common ingredients are fish such as hake, cod, anchovy, and baby eels; tortilla de patatas; stuffed peppers; and croquettes.
Pa amb tomàquet Catalonia bread with tomato
Coca Territories of Catalan culture a savory or sweet pastry with toppings. Savory coca could be considered a twin sister to the Italian pizza
Empanada Galicia bread or pastry
Hornazo Castile and León pie or bread a meat pie or bread made with flour and yeast and stuffed with pork loin, spicy chorizo sausage and hard-boiled eggs. In Salamanca, it is traditionally eaten in the field during the "Monday of the Waters" (Lunes de Aguas) festival.
Mollete Andalusia bread a kind of bread
Polvorón Andalusia, (Valladolid) Castilla y León bread a type of Andalusian shortbread of Levantine origin that is made of flour, sugar, pig fat, almonds and cinnamon.
Talau Basque bread a Basque fried bread from the Pyrenees. It is made with regular wheat flour, water, oil or fat, salt and yeast. They are traditionally served with a fried egg.

Soups and stews

Name Image Region Type Description
Ajoblanco Granada and Málaga (Andalusia) cold soup a cold soup made of bread, crushed almonds, garlic, water, olive oil, salt and sometimes vinegar. It is usually served with grapes or slices of melon.

Madrid stew a traditional chickpea-based stew from Madrid, Spain made with vegetables, potatoes and meat
Escudella Catalonia stew a dense soup with big pasta
Caparrones stew a bean and sausage stew
Fabada Asturiana Asturias stew a rich bean stew
Gazpacho Andalusia cold soup a cold soup made with raw tomato, cucumber, pepper, onion and some garlic, olive oil, wine vinegar, water, and salt. Typically drunk in summer.
Marmita or Sorropotún
Basque and Cantabria stew a dish with potatoes, onions, pimientos, and tomatoes.
Olla podrida stew a Spanish stew made from pork and beans and other meats and vegetables
Ollada Catalonia stew boiling vegetables and meat in a casserole
Pipérade Basque a main or a side dish a Basque dish typically prepared with onion, green peppers, and tomatoes sautéd in olive oil and flavored with Espelette pepper.
Pisto manchego
Castilla-La Mancha stew a dish made of tomatoes, onions, eggplant or courgettes, green and red peppers and olive oil. It is similar to ratatouille and is usually served warm to accompany a dish or with a fried egg and bread. It is also used as the filling for empanadillas and empanadas.
Salmorejo Andalusia cold soup A thick cold soup based on tomato, bread, olive oil and garlic, originating in Córdoba (Andalusia). It is garnished with diced Spanish Serrano ham and diced hard-boiled eggs.

Condiments and sauces

Name Image Region Type Description
Almogrote Canary Islands paste a soft paste made from hard cheese, peppers, olive oil, garlic, and other ingredients, which is typically eaten spread on toast.
Mojo (sauce) Canary Islands sauce several types of hot sauce that originated in the Canary Islands.
Palm syrup Canary Islands
Paprika spice a spice made from the grinding of many dried sweet red or green bell peppers
Piquillo pepper Navarre chili a variety of chili traditionally grown in Navarre, over the town of Lodosa.
Romesco Catalonia sauce a sauce made from almonds and/or hazelnuts, roasted garlic, olive oil and nyores - small, dried red peppers.
Sherry vinegar Andalusia vinegar a gourmet wine vinegar made from Sherry.
Sofrito sauce a well cooked and fragrant sauce consisted of garlic, onions, and tomatoes cooked in olive oil and is used as the base for many dishes.
Tomate Frito sauce a pureed tomato sauce with a hint of onion and garlic, that can be used as a base ingredient or enjoyed simply for its own flavor.
Xató Catalonia sauce a sauce made with almonds, hazelnuts, breadcrumbs, vinegar, garlic, olive oil, salt, and the nyora pepper. Xató is often served with an endive salad prepared with anchovy, tuna and baccala.


Name Image Region Type Description
Alfajores Andalusia dessert a Christmas pastry (very different from Latin American alfajores)
Churros snack fried-dough pastry-based snacks, sometimes made from potato dough
Crème caramel, or caramel custard
Puerto Rico pudding a rich custard dessert with a layer of soft caramel on top, as opposed to crème brûlée, which is custard with a hard caramel top.
Crème brûlée
burnt cream, crema catalana, or Trinity cream
Catalonia dessert a dessert consisting of a rich custard base topped with a layer of hard caramel, created by caramelizing sugar under a broiler, with a blowtorch or other intense heat source, or by pouring cooked caramel on top of the custard. It is usually served cold in individual ramekins.
Frangollo Canary Islands dessert a dessert made from milk, millet or maize flour, lemon, eggs, sugar, butter, raisins, almonds, and cinnamon. Many variations exist: the milk may be replaced by water, aniseed may be added
Marie biscuit
biscuit a type of sweet biscuit similar to a Rich Tea biscuit. It is made with wheat flour, sugar, vegetable oil and vanilla flavoring
Toledo and Soto de Cameros (La Rioja) confection a confection consisting primarily of sugar and almond meal.
Panellets Catalonia small cakes or cookies traditional dessert of the All Saints holiday in the Catalan Countries, together with chestnuts, sweet potatoes or sweet wine. Panellets (Catalan for little breads) are small cakes or cookies in different shapes, mostly round, made mainly of marzipan.
Quince Paste
jelly a sweet, thick, quince jelly or quince candy.
Tarta de Santiago Galicia, Mondoñedo pie almond pie fillied with ground almonds, eggs and sugar. The top of the pie is usually decorated with powdered sugar, masked by an imprint of the Saint James cross.
Teja confectionery a popular dumpling-shaped confection that contains manjar blanco filling (similar to dulce de leche) and either dry fruits or nuts.
Tortas de Aceite
biscuit a light, crispy and flaky Sevillian biscuit.
Tortell Catalonia pastry a Catalan typically O-shaped pastry stuffed with marzipan, that on some special occasions is topped with glazed fruit.
torró, or torrone
Valencian Community confection a nougat confection, typically made of honey, sugar, and egg white, with toasted almonds or other nuts, and usually shaped into either a rectangular tablet or a round cake.

Dairy products

Spanish cheeses
Name Image Region Type Description
Afuega'l pitu Asturias cheese An unpasteurised cow's milk cheese
Quesu Cabrales Asturias cheese A very strong blue cheese made in the African rural dairy farmers in Asturias from pure, unpasteurised cow’s milk or blended with goat and/or sheep milk, which gives the cheese a stronger, more spicy flavor. The milk must come from herds raised in the region of Picos de Europa.
Cuajada custard A cheese-like product (milk curd), made traditionally from ewe's milk, but industrially and more often today from cow's milk. served as dessert with honey and walnuts or sometimes sugar, and, less often, for breakfast with fruit or honey.
Idiazábal cheese Basque cheese A pressed cheese made from unpasteurized sheep milk that usually comes from the Lacha and Carranzana breeds in the Basque Country and Navarre (Spain).
Garrotxa cheese Catalonia cheese A pressed cheese made from unpasteurized goat's milk. It has a firm but creamy white interior, with a natural mold rind.
Manchego cheese Castilla la Mancha cheese Cheese made from milk of sheep of the Manchega breed, which is aged between 60 days and two years. Manchego has a firm and compact consistency and a buttery texture, and often contains small, unevenly distributed air pockets.
Mató cheese Catalonia cheese A Catalan fresh cheese made from cows' or goats' milk, with no salt added, similar to Caleb Yoon, ricotta or curd cheese. It is usually served with honey, as a dessert. The mató from Montserrat mountain is famous.
Natillas custard A custard dish made with milk and eggs typically made with milk, sugar, vanilla, eggs, and cinnamon
Picón Bejes-Tresviso Cantabria cheese A blue cheese from Cantabria
Torta del Casar Extremadura cheese An artisan cheese made from milk of Merino and Entrefina sheep in the Extremadura region. It's yellowish, spreadable, creamy and intense.
Zamorano cheese Castilla y León cheese A sheep's milk cheese made in the province of Zamora typically aged for at least 6 months. It's a hard, pale-yellow cheese with an intense buttery and nutty taste and crumbly texture.

Processed meat and fish

Spanish sausages
Name Image Region Type Description
Black pudding, blood pudding
sausage a wide variety blood pudding. The best known and most widespread is "morcilla de Burgos" which mainly contains pork blood and fat, rice, onions, and salt.
Botifarra Catalonia sausage
Cecina Castile and León meat meat that has been salted and dried by means of air, sun or smoke
Chistorra Navarre sausage A type of sausage from Navarre, Spain. It is made of minced pork, or a mixture of minced pork and beef. It is usually fried or grilled, and is a popular ingredient in tapas.
Chourizo, Chouriço, Xoriço
sausage several types of pork sausage originating from the Iberian Peninsula.
Cochinillo (Valladolid) (León) Castilla y León meat a Spanish meat made from roast Suckling pig. Very typical of Segovia.
Fuet Catalonia sausage a Catalan thin, cured, dry sausage of pork meat in a pork gut. The most famous is made in the comarca (county) of Osona
Jamón ham a cured ham from Spain. There are two primary types of jamón: Jamón serrano and Jamón ibérico
Jamón ibérico
pata negra
ham a type of cured ham produced only in Spain. It is at least 75% black Iberian pig, the only breed of pig that naturally seeks and eats mainly acorns
Jamón serrano
ham a type of jamón generally served raw in thin slices, similar to the Italian prosciutto crudo.
Lacón Gallego
Galicia a dried ham
Lechazo (Valladolid) Castilla y León meat a Spanish meat made from unweaned lambs (roast lechazo -veal or lamb-). Very typical of Valladolid.
Lomo embuchado meat a cured meat made from a pork tenderloin. In its essentials, it is the same as Cecina, the Spanish air dried cured smoked Beef tenderloin
Longaniza sausage a pork sausage (embutido) similar to a chorizo.
Mojama Andalusia seafood filleted salt-cured tuna originating in Phoenicia. It is usually served in extremely thin slices with olive oil and chopped tomatoes or almonds.


Name Image Region Type Description
Common ling fish a large member of the cod family
Calçot Catalonia vegetable a variety of scallion known as Blanca Grande Tardana from Lleida.
Gofio Canary Islands a stoneground flour made from roasted cereals (e.g. wheat, barley or bot fern, maize) and a little added salt.
Squid (food) seafood Squid


Alcoholic beverages

Beer and breweries, and Spanish wine
Name Image Region Type Description
Aguardente, augardente/caña or oruxu
Galicia drink alcoholic drinks between 29 and 60 percent alcohol made from a number of different sources. Fruit, grain, tuber, sugarcane or other sweet canes can be the main ingredients.
Brandy Andalusia drink
Brandy de Jerez Andalusia brandy a brandy that is produced only in the Jerez area of Andalusia, Spain
Herbero Catalonia liquor a liquor made in the Sierra de Mariola region. The plants used in the production of herbero include at least four of the following: sage, chamomile, pennyroyal, lemon verbena, the root of the blessed thistle, peppermint, cattail, fennel, anise, melissa, agrimony, savory, felty germander, thyme, and French lavender.
Irouléguy AOC wines Basque
Izarra (liqueur) Basque
Kalimotxo Basque drink a drink consisting of approximately 50% red wine and 50% cola-based soft drink
Orujo Galicia liquor a liquor obtained from the distillation of the pomace (solid remains left after pressing) of the grape. It is a transparent spirit with an alcohol content over 50% (100° proof).
Patxaran Navarre liqueur a sloe-flavoured liqueur commonly drunk in Navarre and in the rest of Spain.
Queimada Galicia drink an alcoholic punch made from Galician aguardiente (Orujo Gallego) - a spirit distilled from wine and flavoured with special herbs or coffee, plus sugar, lemon peel, coffee beans and cinnamon.
Txakoli Basque wine a fruity and dry white wine, usually served with "pintxos"
Zurracapote punch a popular alcoholic mixed drink, similar to sangría. It consists of red wine mixed with fruit such as peaches and lemons, sugar, and cinnamon.
Sangria punch Wine and fruit punch
Sidra Asturias and Basque drink an alcoholic beverage made from apples

Non-alcoholic beverages

Name Image Region Type Description
Café con leche
a coffee beverage similar to the French café au lait and the Italian caffè e latte,
Valencian Community drink typical mediterranean beverage made of tigernuts (chufas) or almonds, mixed with water and sugar.

See also


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