List of Indian dishes

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This is a list of Indian dishes. Indian cuisine encompasses a wide variety of regional cuisines native to India. Given the range of diversity in soil type, climate and occupations, these cuisines vary significantly from each other and use locally available spices, herbs, vegetables and fruits. The dishes are then served according to taste in either mild, medium or hot. Indian food is also heavily influenced by religious and cultural choices and traditions. Some Indian dishes are common in more than one region of India.

Indian cuisine by region

North-East India

The North-East of India includes Nagaland and districts such as Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya and Mizoram.[1]

Name Image Description Vegetarian/
Pork bharta Boiled pork with onions, chillies, ginger and garlic from Tripura Non-Vegetarian[1]
Chahou kheer Purple rice porridge from Manipur Vegetarian[1]

North India

Name Image Description Vegetarian/
Aloo baingan masala Diced potatoes and brinjal stuffed with spices in curry Vegetarian
Aloo gobi (also Pakistani and Nepali dish) Cauliflower with potatoes sautéed with garam masala, turmeric, sometimes kalonji and curry leaves. Vegetarian
Aloo ki tikki Patties of potato mixed with some vegetables fried Vegetarian
Aloo matar Potatoes and peas in curry Vegetarian
Aloo methi Methi leaves and potatoes nicely flavoured. Potato, fresh Methi leaves. Vegetarian
Aloo shimla mirch Green capsicum with potatoes sauted with cumin seeds, onions, tomatoes, ginger-garlic paste, turmeric, red chilli powder and garam masala Vegetarian
Amriti with rabdi Vegetarian
Amritsari fish Non-Vegetarian
Amritsari kulcha Type of bread Vegetarian
Baati Ghee (clarified butter), wheat flour Vegetarian
Bhatura Bread. All-purpose flour Vegetarian
Bhindi masala Okra sautéed with onions and tomatoes Vegetarian
Biryani Main or side dish. Mixed rice dish, optional spices, optional vegetables, meats or seafood. Can be served with plain yogurt.
Butter chicken Also known as murgh mahal Non-Vegetarian
Chaat Street food usually containing a potato patty fried in oil, topped with sweet yogurt, and other sauces, spices Vegetarian
Chana masala Vegetarian
Chapathi Bread. Whole wheat flour Vegetarian
Chicken razala Bhopali style chicken cooked in a rich gravy with mint
Chicken Tikka
Chicken Tikka masala
Chole bhature Main course. Chick peas, assorted spices, wheat flour and yeast for bhatura. Vegetarian
Daal baati churma Rajasthani special Vegetarian
Daal puri Stuffed dal in parathas Vegetarian
Dal makhani (kali dal) Main course. A typical type of lentil is used. Vegetarian
Dal fara Vegetarian
Dal Assorted types of lentils, such as toor, urad, chana, masoor dal Vegetarian
Dal fry with tadka Typical north Indian tadka Vegetarian
Dum aloo Potatoes cooked in curry Vegetarian
Poha Specialty from Madhya Pradesh. Common snack in central part of India. Flattended rice, potato, turmeric. Vegetarian
Fara Vegetarian
French bean aloo Diced french beans with potatoes cooked with chopped onions, tomatoes sauted with cumin seeds, green chillies and garam masala Vegetarian
Gajar ka halwa A sweet dish native to U.P. / Punjab. Carrot, Milk, Ghee, Cashew. Vegetarian
Gajar matar aloo Diced red/orange carrots and potatoes sauted with black mustard leaves, garnished with ground black pepper powder and lemon juice Vegetarian
Gobhi matar Vegetarian
Imarti A spherically meshed sweet dish from North India made up of batter from moong dal dipped in sugary syrup Vegetarian
Hari mutter ka nimona (green peas daal) Typical north Indian tadka Vegetarian
Jalebi A North Indian twisted noodle like sweet dish dipped in sugary syrup Vegetarian
Jaleba Bigger form of jalebi Vegetarian
Kachori Rajasthani / Marwari special Vegetarian
Kadai paneer Vegetarian
Kadhi pakoda Gram flour with yogurt with gramflour fried balls Vegetarian
Karela bharta Bitter gourd/melon Usually vegetarian
Katha meetha petha / halwakadoo Vegetarian
Kheer Rice cooked with milk and dry fruits Vegetarian
Khichdi Rice cooked with daal and veggies and sauteed Vegetarian
Kofta Gram flour balls fried with vegetables. Gram flour, veggies, rolled into balls with gram flour and fried in oil and then cooked with curry. Vegetarian
Kulfi falooda Vegetarian
Lauki ke kofte Bottle gourd Vegetarian
Lauki ki subji Bottle gourd Vegetarian
Litti chokha A baked salted wheat flour cake filled with sattu (baked chickpea flour) and some special spices Vegetarian
Makki di roti, sarson da saag Punjabi speciality Vegetarian
Mathura ke pede Vegetarian
Methi saag, chaulai saab Veggie leaves sauteed in oil and garlic with little masalas. Cooked mostly in central part of India. Vegetarian
Misi roti Vegetarian
Mixed vegetable Vegetarian
Moong dal ka halwa Vegetarian
Murgh musallam Non-Vegetarian
Mushroom do pyaza Vegetarian
Mushroom matar Vegetarian
Naan Tandoor-baked soft flatbread. Refined wheat flour. Vegetarian
Navrattan korma
Pakhala Pakhala Cooked rice with water Vegetarian
Palak paneer Paneer cubes in spinach gravy Vegetarian
Paneer butter masala Vegetarian
Paneer tikka masala Vegetarian
Pani puri Typical north Indian tadka Vegetarian
Panjeeri Vegetarian
Paratha Bread. Wheat flour. Can be stuffed. Common stuffings: potato mixture, paneer, muli(white radish). Vegetarian
Pattor Vegetarian
Phirni Vegetarian
Pindi chana Vegetarian
Pinni Vegetarian
Rajma chaval Bean curry with rice Vegetarian
Rajma Main. Kidney beans & assorted spices. Vegetarian
Ramatori subji Vegetarian
Rongi Vegetarian
Samosa Normally served as an entree or appetiser. Potatoes, onions, peas, coriander, and lentils, may be served with a mint or tamarind sauce Vegetarian/meat varieties
Samose Typical north Indian tadka Vegetarian
Sattu ki roti Dish from Bihar Vegetarian
Shahi paneer A popular Indian, as well as Punjabi and Nepalese dish, made with paneer in a thick cream and tomato gravy and spices Vegetarian
Shahi tukra Bread pudding in a rich sauce of thickened milk, garnished with sliced almonds Vegetarian
Singhada halwa Lotus fruit dried and powdered to make this fasting sweet meat Vegetarian
Sooji halwa Semolina cooked with clarified butter and dry fruits. Semolina (Suji), clarified butter, cashew nuts. Vegetarian
Sweet pethas / kesar petha / pista petha Vegetarian
Vegetable jalfrezi Vegetarian
Tandoori Chicken
Tandoori chicken as a dish originated in the Punjab before the independence of India and Pakistan.
Tandoori Fish Tikka Fish marinated in line and ginger and cooked over an open fire.

South India

Name Image Description Vegetarian/
Appam Pancake, thicker at center. Ground rice. Vegetarian
Avial Coconut paste, curd mixed with vegetables and some spices. Vegetarian
Bajji Vegetable or onion fritters Vegetarian
Biryani Spicy rice dish with vegetables or chicken or mutton or fish or prawns. Depends on choice
Bisi bele bath Rice preparation with vegetables. Vegetarian
Bonda Snack. Potatoes, gram flour. Vegetarian
Chicken 65 Popular deep fried chicken preparation. Chicken, onion, ginger Non-Vegetarian
Currivepillai sadam Curry leaves rice
Dosa Pancake/Hopper. Ground rice, urad dal Vegetarian
Double ka meetha Bread crumbs fried in Ghee and dipped in milk and sugar syrup Sweet
Goli bajje Snack. Gram flour. Vegetarian
Idiappam Steamed rice noodles / vermicelli. Ground rice Vegetarian
Idli Steamed cake of fermented rice and pulse flour. Rice, urad dal Vegetarian
Indian omelette Egg omelette or veg omelette
Kaara kozhambu Dish used with rice made of chilli powder and tamarind
Keerai kootu Green leaves kootu
Keerai masiyal Ground green leaves used as a side dish for rice or mixed with rice.
Keerai sadam Rice and green leaves
Koottu Vegetable, daal or lentil mixture boiled in water Vegetarian
Kos kootu Cabbage and lentil dish used for rice
Kothamali sadam Coriander rice
Kuzhakkattai Dumplings. Rice flour, jaggery, coconut Vegetarian
Kuzhambu Thick soup with coconut and vegetables Vegetarian
Masala Dosa Dosa with masala and potato. Vegetarian
Parotta Layered kerala parotta made with maida and dalda. Vegetarian
Paruppu sadam Daal rice
Payasam Rice dessert. Rice, milk. Vegetarian
Pongal Pulao Vegetarian
Poriyal Side dish for rice prepared from one or more vegetables with little oil stirred, with daal half boiled and coconut / mustard seeds.
Puli sadam Tamarind rice
Puttu Ground rice
Kanji Rice porridge Vegetarian
Rasam (dish) A spicy and sour soup usually made with tamarind, tomatoes, pepper and other south Indian spices. Usually eaten with rice. It is a good starter for any south Indian meal. It is known to aid good digestion
Sakkara pongal Sweet rice dish
Sajjige Sweet dish
Sambar Lentil soup cooked with vegetables and a blend of south Indian spices (masala). Usually taken with rice, idli, dosa, pongal or upma. Vegetarian
Sevai Kind of rice vermicelli used for breakfast
Sevai lunch Kind of rice vermicelli mixed with either tamarind or lemon or coconut.
Thayir sadam, mosaranna Curd rice
Thengai sadam Coconut rice
Uttapam Rice pancake / hopper with a topping of onions / tomatoes / coconut Vegetarian
Vada Savory donut. Urad dal. Vegetarian
Varuval Vegetables fried in shallow oil
Yelumincham sadam, chitranna Rice, lemon juice
Keerai poriyal Green leaves mixed with daal and coconut with little oil
Wheat upma A breakfast dish and snack. Upma prepared from wheat dhalia rava. Vegetarian
Koshambri A cucumber salad dish popular in Karnataka. Prepared during festivals. Vegetarian
Obbattu (holige, bobbattu, pooran-poli) A stuffed (moong gram dal and jaggery or coconut poornam) paratha. Dish native to South and West India in the states of (Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Maharashtra Vegetarian
Ennai kathirikkai Ennai Kathirikkai
Ragi mudhe
Pesarattu Dosa (pancake or crepe) of Andhra Pradesh made from moong dal (lentils), grains and spice batter. Vegetarian
Nandu omelette Omelette with pieces of crab and spices Non-Vegetarian

West India

Name Image Description Vegetarian/
Amti Lentil curry. Split lentil.
Bajri no rotlo Bread. Thick millet flour flatbread usually grilled over coals. Vegetarian
Barfi Sweet
Basundi Sweet made from milk by continuous heating to a point before condencing.
Bhakri Bread. Whole wheat flour, thicker than rotli, crispy.
Bombil fry Main Course. Bombay Duck (Fish).
Chaat Snack Vegetarian
Chakri Savoury snack. Mixed grain flour. Vegetarian
Chevdo Mixture. Flattened rice, groundnut, chana, masala.
Cholafali Snack
Chorafali Spicy. Grinding of charudala, masala, sprinkle with red chilly powder on top.
Copra paak Sweet coconut halwa/barfi: Halwa is soft, barfi more like cake.
Daal Dhokli Daal Dhokli is widely cooked and eaten all over Rajasthan and Gujarat. Very small dumplings of wheat flour are cooked along with green gram and whole red chili and red musturd is used as tempering.Vegetrain
Dahi vada Fried lentil balls in a yogurt sauce. Lentils, yogurt. Vegetarian
Dhokla Lentil snack. Gram. Vegetarian
Doodhpak Sweet A milk-based sweet dessert with nuts
Dudhi no halwo Sweet. Bottle gourd halwa
Dum aaloo Veg. Main dish. Potatoes deep fry, yogurt, coriander powder, ginger powder. Vegetarian
Pohe Snack. Flattened rice Vegetarian
Gajar halwo Sweet. Carrot Halwa
Gatta curry Curry. Steamed dumplings made from chickpea flour cooked in a spiced yoghurt sauce. Vegetarian
Ghari (sweet from Surat) Sweet
Ghooghra Sweet
Gud papdi (Gol papdi) Sweet
Gulab jamun Sweet
Halvasan Sweet
Handwo (steamed dish) Snack
Gur Sweet unrefined brown sugar sold in blocks[3].
Jalebi Sweet maida & grained semolina flour, baking powder, curd, sugar. Sweet
Jeera Aloo Typical West Indian dish Vegetarian
Juvar no rotlo Bread. Thick sorghum flatbread.
Kansar Sweet
Keri no ras Sweet
Khakhra Snack. Wheat flour, methi.
Khandvi Snack. Besan.
Kombdi vade Chicken Curry with Bread. Chicken.
Koshimbir Salad. Salad/side-dish.
Laapsi Sweet coarse ground/ broken wheat cooked with butter and sugar.
Laddu Sweet
Locha Spicy. Grinding of chanadal, masala.
Malpua Sweet
Methi na Gota Snack. Fried fenugreek dumplings.
Modak Sweet coconut dumplings. Rice flour, coconut.
Mohanthal a sweet prepared from gram flour and ghee dry fruits
Muthiya Snack. Whole wheat flour, methi leaves, besan/chickpeas flour and coriander leaves/cilantro.
Panipuri Snack
Patra Snack. Taro leaves, coconut, seeds, dal.
Pav Bhaji Veg main dish. Mix curry of onion, capsicum, peas, cauliflower potatoes.
Penda Sweet
Pooran-poli Sweet stuffed bread. Wheat flour, gram.
Puri Bread. Wheat flour.
Puri Bhaji Breakfast or Snack
Rasya muthia Snack. A spicy yogurt dumpling soup.
Sabudana Khichadi Vegetarian Snack. Sago.
Sev khamani Snack. Chana dal, green chillies, ginger, lemon juice and olive oil.
Sev tameta Veggie. Potatoes and sev.
Shakarpara Snack. A deep fried snack made out of sugar and wheat.
Namakpara Snack. A deep fried snack made out of salt and Gram Flour .
Shankarpali Sweet or savoury snack. Plain flour, sugar.
Shiro Sweet roasted semolina/flour/dal with milk, butter, sugar, nuts and raisins.
Shrikhand Sweet A thick yogurt-based sweet dessert garnished with ground nuts, cardamom, and saffron.
Sohan papdi Sweet
Soonvali Snack
Sukhdi Sweet
Sutarfeni Sweet
Thalipeeth Savoury pancake. Mixed grain flour.
Undhiyu Mix veggi. Plantain, brinjal, carrot, green chillies, potatoes, fresh coconut and other vegetable.
Upmaa Vegetarian snack. Semolina.
Vada pav Burger. Gram flour, potatoes, chilli, garlic, ginger.
Veg Kolhapuri Vegetarian dish. Mixed vegetables.
Vindaloo Goan pork vindaloo. Pork, goan red chilli paste.
Ghebar or Ghevar Sweet from Surat
Lilva Kachori Snack. Lilva and whole wheat flour.

East India

Name Image Description Vegetarian/
Cheera Doi Breakfast cereal. Vegetarian
Dhup Pitha A sweet Assamese specialty Sweet
Gheela Pitha Sweet Assamese specialty Sweet
Hurum Breakfast cereal; an Assamese specialty
Khar Assamese specialty side dish: papaya, banana, soda
Kumol Sawul Breakfast cereal; an Assamese specialty. Soft rice with cream & jaggery.
Loskora (Coconut Laddu) Sweet
Luchi Puffed bread, fried in oil, made from flour. A Bengali specialty
Malpua/Malpoa Sweet Snacks. Specially in Bengal. Sweet
Momo Originally from Tibet, it is a popular snack/ food item in India.
Muri Naaru Sweet Bengali specialty.
Pani Tenga Pickle made from mustard.
Sunga Pitha Sweet Assamese specialty
Alu Pitika Dish made of mashed potato.
Masor tenga An Assamese fish stew cooked with any of a variety of sour fruits including tomatoes.[2]
Bengena Pitika Dish made of mashed brinjal.
Bilahi Maas Fish curry cooked with tomatoes.
Black rice Special local variety of rice
Bora Sawul Breakfast cereal; an Assamese specialty. Sticky rice, sugar or jaggery.
Brown Rice Special local variety of rice.
Chhenagaja Odia Dessert. Cottage cheese, flour, sugar syrup.
Chhenapoda Dessert. Cottage cheese, flour, sugar syrup. Oriya Specialty.
Chingri malai curry Curry. Prawn, coconut, mustard, steamed. Traditional Bengali Dish.
Dal Lentils.
Goja Sweet. Bengali Specialty
Hando Guri Breakfast cereal; an Assamese specialty
Haq Maas Fish curry cooked with leafy green vegetables.
Horioh Maas Golden Mustard Fish Curry.
Ilish or Chingri Bhape Curry. Ilish (Hilsha fish) or prawn, coconut, mustard, steamed. Traditional Bengali Dish.
Kabiraji A popular non-vegetarian Indian dish in eastern India prepared using chicken and fish
Kharoli Pickle made from mustard; an Assamese specialty
Khorisa Pickle made from bamboo shoot; an Assamese specialty
[Koldil Chicken Chicken cooked with banana flower; an Assamese specialty
Koldil Duck Duck meat cooked with banana flower; an Assamese specialty
Konir Dom Egg curry.
Lai Haq Maas Fish Curry with herbs & lemon.
Litti Balls of wheat and sattu baked in oven and served with mashed potatoes (chokha)
Maasor Tenga Tomato Fish Curry.
Machher Jhol Curry. Fish, various spices.
Masor Koni Fish delicacy.
Masor Petu Fish delicacy.
Mishti Chholar Dal Curry. Bengal gram, coconut, sugar. Bengali Specialty.
Mishti Doi Dessert. Curd, sugar syrup and /or jaggery. Bengali Sweet curd.
Ou tenga Maas Fish curry cooked with elephant apple.
Pakhala Rice. Fermented rice, yoghurt, salt, seasonings.
Bhaji Fried Vegetables.
Pani Pitha Sweet Assamese specialty
Pantua Assamese sweet similar to Gulab Jamun
Payokh Dessert
Peda Sweet
Prawn malai curry Curry. Prawns, coconut cream, crushed mustard seed, red chillies. Bengali dish.
Red Rice Special local variety of rice.
Rice Staple Food.
Rosgulla Dessert. Cottage cheese, flour and sugar syrup. Signature Bengali condiment, originating in odisha
Sabzi (curry) Different green or other vegetables.
Shondesh Dessert. Milk, sugar. Signature Bengali Dish
Shukto A Bengali cuisine. Diced potaotes, sweet potatoes, broad beans, eggplant, drumsticks, raw bananas, radish cooked together and sauted with musturd seeds. This culinary cooked in musturd oil and sometimes shredded cocunut can also be used.
Sunga Pork Rich spicy pork curry
Tenga Doi Sour curd
Til Pitha Sweet Assamese specialty. Rice powder, til, jaggery.


See also


  1. 1 2 3 "Flavours from the hills". The Hindu. 16 November 2014. Retrieved 14 September 2016.
  2. Roy, Amrita (July 23, 2010). "Brahmaputra banquet". HT Media. Retrieved September 24, 2012.
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