October 5, 1921 (World Series, between the Giants and Yankees)|
October 1, 1941 (World Series, between the Dodgers and Yankees)
June 16, 1997 (regular season, between the Mets and Yankees)
|Latest meeting||August 4, 2016 (between the Mets and Yankees)|
188 (84 World Series, 104 regular season)|
36 (all World Series, between the Giants and Yankees)
43 (all World Series, between the Dodgers and Yankees)
109 (5 World Series, 104 regular season between the Mets and Yankees)
|Regular season series||60–44, Yankees (over Mets)|
|Longest win streak||
|Current win streak||1, Mets (Over Yankees)|
The Subway Series is a series of Major League Baseball (MLB) rivalry games played between teams based in New York City. Every historic and current venue for such games has been accessible via the New York City Subway, hence the name of the series.
The term's historic usage has been in reference to World Series games played between the city's teams. The New York Yankees have appeared in all Subway Series games as they have been the only American League (AL) team based in the city, and have compiled an 11–3 all-time series record in the 14 championship Subway Series.
Since 1997, the term Subway Series has been applied to interleague play during the regular season between the Yankees and New York City's National League (NL) team: the New York Mets. The Mets and Yankees also played each other in the 2000 World Series.
19th century Trolley Series
Although organized games between all-stars from New York teams against all-stars from Brooklyn teams date back to the 1850s, the first actual New York-Brooklyn "World Championship Series" occurred in 1889, a full nine years before Brooklyn was incorporated into the City of New York by the Greater New York Act of 1898, when the New York Giants squared off against (and defeated) the Brooklyn Bridegrooms, also called the "Trolley Dodgers", of the American Association. The following season, Brooklyn withdrew from the Association and joined the League, setting the stage for many future intra-city competitions.
Some might argue that the 1889 Series would qualify as a "Trolley Series", but would not qualify as a Subway Series since New York's subway did not open until 1904.
The 1906 World Series between the Chicago Cubs and the Chicago White Sox is also loosely referred to as a Subway Series, though the term Crosstown Series is more commonly used. The term is also inaccurate, since Chicago had surface systems from 1892 till the building of the State Street Subway in 1943.
Early and mid-20th century Subway Series
By the 1920s, the subway had become an important form of public transport in the city and provided a convenient form of travel between the three city ballparks: the Polo Grounds, in upper Manhattan; Yankee Stadium, in the Bronx; and Ebbets Field in Brooklyn. The 155th Street elevated and subway stations, the 161st Street station, and the Prospect Park respectively, served the ballparks. (New York's subway and elevated systems—the IRT, BRT/BMT, and IND—were in competition with each other until 1940.)
In the case of the World Series contests listed, the entire Series could be attended by using the subway. The date of the first usage of the term "Subway Series" is uncertain. The term "Nickel Series" (a nickel was the old subway fare) appeared in newspapers by 1927, and "Subway Series" appeared by 1928. "Subway Series" was clearly already a familiar concept by 1934, as discussed in this article about that year's All-Star Game to be held in New York, discussing the "subway series" possibility for the Giants and Yankees. (Ultimately, no New York team made it to the 1934 post-season.).
The 1921 and 1922 match-ups were played in a single ballpark, as both the Giants and Yankees then played at the Polo Grounds. The Giants won both of these World Series against the Yankees, the first two Subway Series played. Despite cordial relations just a few years before when the Yankees allowed the Giants to share their home at Hilltop Park for a year in 1911 and the Giants more than returning the favor in kind by sharing Polo Grounds with the Yankees since 1913, the Yankees were issued an eviction notice in mid-1920 ending their lease after the 1922 season. The Yankees opened their new ballpark in 1923. Fortunes changed immediately for the Yankees as they defeated the Giants this time in the third straight year of World Series competition between the two teams. Their new home would host the Yankees' first of 11 Subway World Series victories that year and first of an unprecedented 26 World Series until the stadium closed in 2008.
The venues for the 1923, 1936, 1937, and 1951 World Series—the Polo Grounds and the old Yankee Stadium—were a short walk apart across the Macombs Dam Bridge over the Harlem River. Of course, anyone in the city not living in that vicinity could have opted for the subway system.
The term was used again in 1941 when the Dodgers made their first World Series appearance since 1920. Multiple Hall of Famers took part in these contests between the "Bronx Bombers" and "Dem Bums from Brooklyn" and the games involved numerous achievements including Jackie Robinson breaking the color barrier as the first African-American baseball player in the World Series and Don Larsen's performance in pitching the only perfect game in post-season history. The seven matchups between the Yankees and the Dodgers between 1941 and 1956 cemented the term as being mostly associated with the New York vs. Brooklyn contests, during the time when New York City was retroactively dubbed by historians as "The Capital of Baseball". Despite Brooklyn's repeated success at winning the National League pennant, it was only able to win one World Series (1955) against the Yankees.
World Series matchups
The all-New York match-ups in World Series play during this period been the following:
In addition to the five World Series played between the Yankees and Giants before 1940, the two teams also played exhibition series against each other from time to time. The match-ups were known as the "City Series" and were sometimes played in October while other teams played in the World Series. However, after 1940, this became difficult because the Yankees would routinely appear in the World Series. In the 17 years from 1941 to 1957 (after which the Giants and Dodgers left New York City for California), the Yankees appeared in the World Series 12 times, failing to reach the Series only in 1944, 1945, 1946, 1948, and 1954.
Before New York's two National League teams left the city, the Yankees and Dodgers played an annual midseason exhibition game called the Mayor's Trophy Game to benefit sandlot baseball in New York City. The proceeds raised by the Yankees were given to leagues in Manhattan and the Bronx, while proceeds raised by the Dodgers went to leagues on Long Island and Staten Island. The annual charity event was discontinued following the 1957 season, when the Dodgers moved to Los Angeles and the Giants moved to San Francisco. leaving the Yankees as the only major league team in the city. The game was revived in 1963, after the National League returned to New York with the expansion New York Mets in 1962. After dwinding interest and public bickering between the owners of both teams, the Mayor's Trophy Game was discontinued following the 1983 season. It was revived again as a pre-Opening Day series titled the "Mayor's Challenge" and held in 1989.
In modern usage, the term "Subway Series" generally refers to a series played between the two current New York baseball teams, the New York Yankees and the New York Mets. Their stadiums remain directly accessible by subway: Yankee Stadium via the 161st Street station; Citi Field via the Willets Point station.
2000 World Series
The name "Subway Series" was commonly applied to the 2000 World Series between the New York Yankees and the New York Mets. The Yankees won four games to one and celebrated their 26th championship in front of Mets fans at Shea Stadium. This was the only time that visiting teams had ever won a World Series at Shea Stadium. The other two times the World Series ended at Shea Stadium, in 1969 and 1986, it ended with the Mets winning.
During the 2000 World Series, the City of New York decorated some of the trains that ran on the 7 train (which went to Shea Stadium in Queens, home of the Mets) and 4 train (which went to the old Yankee Stadium in the Bronx, home of the Yankees). The 7 trains were blue and orange and featured the Mets version of the "NY" logo, and the 4 trains were white with blue pinstripes and featured the Yankees version of the "NY" logo. Also, after each game in the series the city offered free subway rides home for attendees of the game. Yankee fans displayed signs that read "Yankees in 4 and not in 7", predicting that the Yankees would easily dispatch the Mets in a Series sweep as opposed to a difficult, full-length Series. The signs had the 4 in a dark green circle designating the number 4 train and the 7 in a purple circle, designating the number 7 train.
- Bay Bridge Series, Oakland Athletics vs. San Francisco Giants
- Red Line Series, Chicago Cubs vs. Chicago White Sox (Named for the Red-line "L" route)
- Freeway Series, Los Angeles Dodgers vs. Los Angeles Angels of Anaheim
- Beltway Series, Washington Nationals vs. Baltimore Orioles
- Citrus Series, Miami Marlins vs. Tampa Bay Rays
- Lone Star Series, Houston Astros vs. Texas Rangers
- Knicks-Nets rivalry
- Rangers-Islanders rivalry
- T The 1907, 1912, and 1922 World Series each included one tied game.
- V The 1903, 1919, 1920, and 1921 World Series were in a best-of-nine format (carried by the first team to win five games).
- "Terry and Cronin Select Squads For All-Star Game Here Tuesday". New York Times. Associated Press. July 4, 1934. p. 21.
- Baseball: A Film by Ken Burns; Inning 7: The Capital of Baseball (Television Documentary). PBS.
- "1921 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "1922 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "1923 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "1936 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "1937 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "1941 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "1947 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "1949 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "1951 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "1952 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "1953 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "1955 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "1956 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- "2000 World Series". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved January 2, 2010.
- 2000 Subway Series Recap on MLB.com
- Great Subway Series moments
- History of the Subway Series from the NY Times
- The Subway Series (and Other Inter-Urban Series)
- Subway Series Yankees vs. Mets history and boxscores from Newsday