Lone Star Series
June 8, 2001|
The Ballpark in Arlington, Arlington, Texas
September 4, 2016 |
Globe Life Park in Arlington, Arlington, Texas
|Next meeting||September 12, 2016 Minute Maid Park, Houston, Texas|
|Regular season series||82–50, Rangers|
|Largest victory||18–3, Rangers (May 21, 2005)|
|Longest win streak||
|Current win streak||1 Astros|
The Lone Star Series (also, Silver Boot Series) is a Major League Baseball rivalry featuring Texas' two major league franchises, the Houston Astros and Texas Rangers. It is an outgrowth of the "natural rivalry" established by MLB as part of interleague play as the Rangers are a member of the American League and the Astros were a member of the National League until 2012.
During interleague play, the winner of the 6-game series was awarded the Silver Boot. A 30-inch (760 mm) tall display of a size-15 cowboy boot cast in silver, complete with a custom, handmade spur. If the series was split (3-to-3), the winner was the club which scored the most runs over the course of the series.
19th century: the beginning of baseball in Texas
The birth of baseball in Texas happened at the same time as the Civil War in 1861 with the formation of the Houston Base Ball Club to promote the game the same way Alexander Cartwright had during the 1840s with the Knickerbocker Base Ball Club in Manhattan. Baseball was played in Galveston and other Lone Star locations prior to the Civil War. The distribution of the game was interrupted by the Civil War but would pick up by the end of the war. Baseball was played during the Civil War mostly by Yankees but occasionally by Confederates. A humorous story by Texas-based Union soldier George A. Putnam told of a baseball game interrupted by Confederate gunfire. Putnam stated:
On April 21, 1867, the first occurrence of a baseball game was taken into account by the Houston Post. At the San Jacinto Battlegrounds near Houston, where General Sam Houston led Texas to triumph in the War of Independence from Mexico in 1836, a baseball game took place on the anniversary now celebrated as San Jacinto Day. The Houston Stonewalls defeated the Galveston Robert E. Lees, 35–2, that rivaled the result of what originally happened on the same site.
Baseball spread throughout the state in the next two decades as a popular amateur game. The influence of what Houston had done in the early 1860s, those who acquired the nuances of the game from Civil War travels, and experience of immigrants who moved to Texas during the Reconstruction Era helped in organizing the sport and bringing more attention to the game in the state of Texas. Scarcely a generation after the state's first recorded game in 1867, Texas fielded 100 minor league clubs—more than any other state.
The acceptance of baseball had greatly expanded throughout Texas by the end of the 19th century. Houston was the founding member of the Texas League in 1888 and also won their first league pennant the next year. The Houston ballclub went by the nicknames of Babies, Red Stockings, Mud Cats, Magnolias, and Wanderers before the Houston Buffaloes name became permanent around the turn of the 20th century.
20th century: Growth and popularity of baseball in Texas
The roots of the Lone Star Series started in the late 19th century and early 20th century in the Texas League. There were teams in Austin, Beaumont, Cleburne, Corsicana, Fort Worth, Galveston, Greenville, Paris, San Antonio, Sherman, Temple, Texarkana, Waco as well as Dallas and Houston. (Both the Rangers and Astros have teams in present-day Double A Texas League. The Rangers' affiliate is the Frisco Roughriders while the Astros' affiliate is the Corpus Christi Hooks.) Along with the Texas League, there have been many baseball leagues that briefly existed in Texas or included at least one team from the Lone Star State such as: Lone Star Colored League of Texas, Negro American League, Colored Texas League, Texas Negro League, Texas-Oklahoma Negro League, South Texas Negro League, West Texas Negro League, Mexican National League, Central Baseball League, American Association, All-American Association, South Central League, Arkansas State League, Cotton States League, Rio Grande Valley League, Rio Grande Association, Southwestern League, Panhandle-Pecos Valley League, Longhorn League, North Texas League, West Texas–New Mexico League, Sooner State League, Arizona–Texas League, Lone Star League, Big State League, Gulf States League, East Texas League, Texas Association, Arkansas–Texas League, West Texas League, South Texas League, Middle Texas League, Central Texas League, Texas-Southern League, Texas–Louisiana League, Texas Valley League, Texas–Oklahoma League, Southwest Texas League, Evangeline League, West Dixie League, Gulf Coast League, Western Association, and Sophomore League and also including present-day Pacific Coast League, United League Baseball, Texas Collegiate League, Continental Baseball League, Texas Winter League, and American Association of Independent Professional Baseball.
Long before professional baseball came to Texas, college baseball also has been a staple of Texas culture. Outside of the Lone Star Shootout, college baseball in Texas is overwhelmingly popular and has some intense in-state rivalries such as the Battle of the Brazos between Texas A&M and Baylor University, Houston-Rice rivalry, the Holy War between Baylor and TCU, Battle of the Piney Woods between Sam Houston State and Stephen F. Austin State University, and the Lone Star Showdown between the Texas Longhorns and Texas A&M Aggies. Other in-state rivalries include Sam Houston State-Rice, Texas-Rice, Texas State-Rice, Texas State–University of Texas at San Antonio, Texas Tech-Baylor, Texas-Texas Tech, Texas Tech-Texas A&M, Texas-Baylor, Sam Houston State-Houston, Texas Southern–Prairie View A&M, St. Mary's–University of the Incarnate Word, Dallas Baptist–Houston Baptist as well as other esoteric rivalries. Tournaments, like the Southwest Diamond Classic in Frisco, Texas, Whataburger College Classic in Corpus Christi, Texas, and Houston College Classic played at Minute Maid Park, take place there in late February because of the more convenient, warmer weather. Texas collegiate baseball programs can be found throughout the different levels of the NCAA. 1-A conferences that include Texas collegiate baseball are the American Athletic Conference, Big 12 Conference, Conference USA, and the Mountain West Conference as well as the Southland Conference, Southwestern Athletic Conference, and 1-A Independent teams, UTPA and Dallas Baptist. (TCU, Texas, Texas A&M, Texas Tech, Rice, Houston, Baylor, and SMU (ceased operations after 1980) baseball programs once belonged together to the Southwest Conference before 1996; Clark Field, Dan Law Field, Olsen Field, and TCU Diamond are just some of the ballparks that played host to Southwest Conference baseball over the course of the SWC.) Other conferences that include one or more Texas collegiate baseball programs are the Heartland Conference, Lone Star Conference, American Southwest Conference, Southern Collegiate Athletic Conference, Red River Athletic Conference, Sooner Athletic Conference, Southwest Junior College Conference., Texas Intercollegiate Athletic Association, Western Junior College Athletic Conference, and NAIA independent schools (University of Houston–Victoria).
The Lone Star Series was the consequence of many things that happened to Texas in the 1950s: population shift westward from metropolitan areas on the East Coast, the space program, more modernized higher education, and the formation of the brief Continental League resulting in expansion in Major League Baseball shortly thereafter.
1962: Texas has its first major league team, the Colt .45s
Prior to 1962, there were no Major League Baseball teams in Texas until the Houston Colt .45's of the National League. They played in Colt Stadium for the first three years of existence, fighting against hot and humid weather and outrageously large mosquitoes, which also had an effect on the fans. Unbelievably, they did not play a Sunday night baseball game at home until June 9, 1963, which was also the major leagues' first Sunday night game. The Astros, as they came to be with the new all-weathered Harris County Domed Stadium, really did not have a strong rivalry with any team in the NL, except for the St. Louis Cardinals and later on the Atlanta Braves.
During the planning of the second wave of expansion in the big leagues in 1968, the National League considered putting a new team in the Dallas-Fort Worth area by an overwhelming majority of its owners. However, Judge Roy Hofheinz did not want it to happen or allow it because he owned all the television and radio rights in Texas for Astros ballgames. The other owners were in favor, except Hofheinz, of having a rivalry approaching the intensity of the Dodgers–Giants rivalry in the Senior Circuit. San Diego and Montreal were selected instead. The Dallas-Fort Worth area would have to wait four more years for a team to arrive when the Senators (see below) moved to Arlington, Texas. It would be another 32 years before there was a meeting between the Rangers and Astros.
1972: Washington Senators move to Arlington to become the Rangers
Before they were the Texas Rangers, the team belonged to the Beltway as the second version of the Washington Senators where they played mediocre baseball most of the time for the first 11 years of existence. They replaced the old Washington Senators who had moved to Minnesota to become the Twins in 1961. The new Senators changed into the Texas Rangers in time for the 1972 season and so a rivalry was born. (At one time, the Kansas City Athletics were interested in moving to the Dallas/Fort Worth area in the early 1960s but were voted down, 9–1, by the other American League owners.) The Astros have been in Texas ten years longer than the Rangers, but the Senators/Rangers franchise is one year older than the Astros. They met, starting in 1992, at the end of Spring training with the Rangers winning 2–0 claiming the very first Silver Boot. On April 1, 1993, Nolan Ryan returned to the Astrodome as a member of the Texas Rangers in front of 53,657, the biggest crowd to see a big league game in Texas up to that point. The Rangers won the last two exhibition games, a 6–5 victory in Arlington in 1999 and a 9–3 victory at Houston in 2000, before the two teams met for the first time in regular season in 2001.
First meeting and interleague rivalry
|Nolan Ryan's number 34 was retired by the Houston Astros in 1996.|
|Nolan Ryan's number 34 was retired by the Texas Rangers in 1996.|
One year before their first official matchup in Interleague Play, both teams retired the number of Hall of Famer Nolan Ryan who had successful runs with both teams. According to Mike Lamb and Mark Teixeira, the Rangers-Astros "rivalry" is more for the fans of Texas than like a bitter rivalry (e.g. Windy City Series). On July 1, 2006, Gary Matthews Jr. made an unbelievable catch by taking away a home run from Houston Astros first baseman Mike Lamb in the top of the 8th inning. While with the Astros for two years, Roger Clemens never pitched against the Rangers in twelve Lone Star Series matchups. Only four players have played for both the Rangers and Astros against their in-state opponent since 2001. Those players are: Doug Brocail, Mike Lamb, Richard Hidalgo, and Ivan "Pudge" Rodríguez. Minute Maid Park and Rangers Ballpark in Arlington both had been using Sea Isle 1 turf through the 2008 season rather than natural grass because of the aggressive Texas summer heat. Before the 2009 season, the Astros chose to replace the previous surface in their respective ballpark with a more durable sod that requires less sunlight than other natural grass turf systems. Beginning in 2008, the Lone Star Series saw for the first time two African-American managers go head-to-head against one another, the Astros' Cecil Cooper and the Rangers' Ron Washington which lasted for two years. There has only been one rainout in the history of the Lone Star Series. A game scheduled for Sunday June 30, 2002 at the Rangers Ballpark in Arlington was unceremoniously postponed due to rain and rescheduled for Monday September 2. The Rangers won the last matchup of the year against the Astros, 7–2, in front of a minuscule crowd of 24,468, but the Astros won the Silver Boot regardless of the outcome of the game. The contrast between the Rangers and Astros in their ballpark histories, and uniform histories are very apparent. The Rangers, since 1972, have always played in open-air stadiums (Arlington Stadium and Rangers Ballpark in Arlington) while the Astros have mostly played in indoor stadiums (Astrodome and Minute Maid Park). While the Rangers have traditionally worn variations of red, white, and blue to represent the Lone Star flag, the Astros have changed color schemes (e.g. Shooting Star of the late 1960s, Rainbow Guts) and logos many times throughout their history. Other differences, not related to baseball, include the weather during the summer, population, cultural, and allegiance preferences between the different regions of Texas. Both Houston, Texas and Arlington, Texas have humid subtropical climates; however, the Dallas-Fort Worth Metroplex mostly has dry winds in the summer (and icy conditions in the winter, with some frost at night) compared to Greater Houston's severe relative humidity and minimal wind except near the coast (and milder winter conditions). The Metroplex is inland located in North Texas while Houston is in the face of the Gulf of Mexico in Southeast Texas. The city of Dallas has the 9th largest population in the United States and 3rd largest population in Texas; the city of Houston has the 4th largest population in the United States and largest population in Texas. The Dallas–Fort Worth metroplex is the 4th largest metropolitan area in the US, while the Greater Houston area is the 5th largest in the US Since their inductions into Major League Baseball, there have been only 59 players to play for the Houston Astros and the Texas Rangers. Some notable names are Ken Caminiti, Richard Hidalgo, Mike Lamb and Carlos Lee. But out of those 59, only 3 have played their entire careers for both teams, Chuck Jackson, Mike Richardt & Mike Simms. On February 6, 2008, Nolan Ryan became the Rangers' team president after being the special assistant to general manager, scouting players, and holding pitching camps with the Astros for the past three seasons. (Nolan Ryan was also the only person to be named DHL Hometown Hero by two organizations, the Rangers and Astros, respectively.) On August 18, 2009, the Rangers acquired Iván Rodríguez in a trade from the Houston Astros to help them down the stretch for the purpose of achieving their first playoff appearance in ten years. It will be Rodriguez's second stint with Texas. On September 14, 2010, the Houston Astros Triple-A affiliate, the Round Rock Express, announced that they would become the Texas Rangers new minor league affiliate. This left the Houston Astros without a Triple-A team and the Texas Rangers old Triple-A team, the Oklahoma City RedHawks without a parent club. On September 20, 2010, the Houston Astros made the Oklahoma City RedHawks their own affiliate. These changes went into effect immediately due to neither team making the play-offs but changes won't be seen until the 2011 Season.
1997–2012: First official meetings and interleague play
During the 1997 off-season, "radical" realignment plans were bandied around about possibly rearranging teams from one league to another, especially Houston and Texas. In order to cut down on traveling costs and align teams together based on geography, the MLB owners came up with many plans to put the Astros and Rangers in a more suitable placement together. However, the American League and National League would lose their respective identities in the process. (The only move was the Brewers from the AL Central to the NL Central.) One of the plans in 2000 even featured the Texas Rangers in a six-team AL Central so that they would be with other teams in the Central Time Zone while the fledging Arizona Diamondbacks would have had to leave the NL West for the AL West to replace the Rangers. In the 2005–06 off-season, the Florida Marlins were considering moving to San Antonio among other cities due to lack of funding for a new stadium. Another professional baseball team in Texas, whether by relocation or expansion, in either league would create greater rivalries, similar to the kind in the NBA with the Spurs, Mavericks, and Rockets, and possible realignment issues.
Of course, the Lone Star Series wasn't conceived until 2001, four years after Interleague Play began. It was only logical to have the Rangers and Astros matched together since they are the only MLB teams representing Texas. Since both play in two different "divisions" (AL West and NL Central respectively), Major League Baseball had to rectify the oversight even though Interleague Play wouldn't be rotated from division to division on a yearly basis until 2002.
2013–present: Interleague rivalry to division rivalry – Astros join the American League
Major League Baseball approved the sale of the Astros on November 11, 2011 to Jim Crane on the condition they join the American League West. The Rangers, located in the central time zone, had many of their games start late in the pacific time zone due to the Angels, Athletics and Mariners all being located on the west coast. To help ease the Rangers' schedule, Commissioner Bud Selig required that the Astros join the AL West in 2013 so both teams would have another division rival in relatively close geographical proximity to one another while ensuring that both the AL West and the National League Central both would have the same number of teams as the other divisions. The move's consequence for the rest of the league resulted in all teams having to play interleague games year round due to the odd number of teams in each league.
The Astros and Rangers played each other on opening day March 31, 2013 with the Astros winning convincingly. The next game, Rangers pitcher Yu Darvish was one out away from a perfect game when Marwin González hit a single through Darvish's legs.
In April 2015, a brawl started between Rougned Odor and Hank Conger; the brawl escalated when Astros manager AJ Hinch shoved Prince Fielder, which was followed by Rangers manager Jeff Bannister yelling in Hinch's face, "Don't touch my guy!" In September 2015, with both teams in contention for the playoffs, the Astros and Rangers faced each other in a pivotal series, with Texas sweeping all four games. The Rangers, who entered the series 1.5 games behind Houston for the AL West lead, ended the series leading the Astros by 2.5 games. The Rangers would go on to clinch the 2015 AL West Division title, while the Astros entered the 2015 playoffs as a Wild Card team.
Players who played on both teams
Nolan Ryan, Astros 1980–88, Rangers 1989–93; Mike Lamb, Rangers 2000–03, Astros 2004–07; Lance Berkman, Astros 1999–2010, Rangers 2013; Richard Hidalgo, Astros 1997–2004, Rangers 2005 Roy Oswalt, Astros 2001–10, Rangers 2012 Scott Feldman, Rangers 2005–12, Astros 2014–2016 Anthony Bass, Astros 2014, Rangers 2015; Carlos Peña, Rangers 2001, Astros 2013, Rangers 2014; Carlos Lee, Rangers 2006, Astros 2007–12; Carlos Corporán, Astros 2011–14, Rangers 2015; Wandy Rodríguez, Astros 2005–12, Rangers 2015; Armando Galarraga, Rangers 2007, Astros 2012; Francisco Cordero, Rangers 2000–06, Astros 2012; Iván Rodríguez, Rangers 1991–2002, Astros 2009, Rangers 2009; Doug Brocail, Rangers 2004–05, Astros 2008–09; Darren Oliver, Rangers 1993–98, Rangers 2000–01, Astros 2004, Rangers 2010–11; Dan Miceli, Rangers 2002, Astros 2003–04; Gregg Zaun, Rangers 1999, Astros 2002–03; Bruce Chen, Astros 2003, Rangers 2007; Pedro Astacio, Astros 2001, Rangers 2005; Jay Powell, Astros 1998–2001, 2002–04; Ken Caminiti, Astros 1987–94, Astros 1999–2000, Rangers 2001; Carl Everett, Astros 1998–99, Rangers 2002–03 CJ Nitkowski, Astros 1998, Rangers 2002–03
Lone Star Series results
|Year||Series Winner||Texas W||Houston W||Notes|
|2001||Rangers||3||3||Rangers win tiebreaker outscoring Astros 44–28 (4–5, 16–4, 5–6, 12–9, 1–2, 6–2)|
|2004||Rangers||3||3||Rangers win tiebreaker outscoring Astros 42–29 (3–1, 8–7, 0–1, 5–7, 8–10, 18–3)|
|2008||Rangers||3||3||Rangers win tiebreaker outscoring Astros 34–28 (16–8, 6–2, 4–5, 3–4, 3–2, 2–7)|
|2012||Rangers||5||1||Last year of interleague series|
|2013||Rangers||17||2||First year as division rivals in the AL West|
|2014||Astros||8||11||Astros first Silver Boot since 2006|
- The Dallas Morning News (2008). Texas Almanac 2008–2009.
- Farmer, Neal (1996). Southwest Conference's Greatest Hits.
- "Head-to-Head results for Houston Colt .45's and Houston Astros vs. Washington Senators and Texas Rangers from 1962 to 2015". Baseball-Reference.com. October 8, 2015. Retrieved October 8, 2015.
- Lalire, Gregory (March 31, 2011). "Baseball in the West » HistoryNet – From the World's Largest History Magazine Publisher". HistoryNet. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "Texas Baseball Hall of Fame". Tbhof.org. April 11, 1928. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "Civil War Baseball: Baseball and the Blue and the Gray". Baseball-almanac.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "Early Texas Baseball". Lsjunction.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- Baseball As America Archived September 7, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Before the Colt .45s". Astrosdaily.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "Negro League Baseball Blog". Blog.negroleaguebaseball.com. August 23, 2006. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "News". sanangelocolts.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "Colt Stadium / Houston Colt .45s / 1962–1964". Ballparkwatch. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "The Chronology – 1963". BaseballLibrary.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- Sullivan, T.R. (June 3, 2001). "Rangers, Astros to meet at last". Fort Worth Star-Telegram.
- "Kansas City Athletics". BaseballLibrary.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "Kansas City Athletics (1955–1967)". Sportsecyclopedia.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- T.R. Sullivan / MLB.com (May 16, 2008). "The Official Site of Major League Baseball: News: As series evolved, so did Silver Boot". Mlb.mlb.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- Alyson Footer / MLB.com (May 18, 2007). "The Official Site of The Houston Astros: News: Lone Star Series kicks off in Houston". Houston.astros.mlb.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- Todd Wills / Special to MLB.com (May 16, 2008). "Ryan holds court on Lone Star Series | texasrangers.com: News". Mlb.mlb.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "ESPN – Astros vs. Rangers – Recap – July 01, 2006". ESPN. July 1, 2006. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- Ortiz, Jorge L. (July 13, 2006). "Matthews Jr. a late bloomer". USA Today. Retrieved May 11, 2010.
- "May 16, 2008 Houston Astros at Texas Rangers Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. May 16, 2008. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "July 3, 2004 Texas Rangers at Houston Astros Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. July 3, 2004. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "June 17, 2001 Texas Rangers at Houston Astros Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. June 17, 2001. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "June 25, 2005 Texas Rangers at Houston Astros Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. June 25, 2005. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "June 8, 2001 Houston Astros at Texas Rangers Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. June 8, 2001. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "May 20, 2005 Houston Astros at Texas Rangers Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. May 20, 2005. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "May 23, 2009 Texas Rangers at Houston Astros Box Score and Play by Play". Baseball-Reference.com. May 23, 2009. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "June 28, 2002 Houston Astros at Texas Rangers Play by Play and Box Score". Baseball-Reference.com. June 28, 2002. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- Barr, Greg (December 9, 2008). "Astros find new field of dreams".
- "Houston Astros vs. Texas Rangers – Recap – September 02, 2002 – ESPN". ESPN. September 2, 2002. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "who played for Houston Astros and Texas Rangers". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "who played for Houston Astros and Texas Rangers exclusively". Baseball-Reference.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- cbs11tv.com – Nolan Ryan Named Rangers Team President Archived February 10, 2009, at the Wayback Machine.
- Kevin Yanik / MLB.com (September 26, 1981). "The Official Site of The Houston Astros: News: Ryan elected Astros' Hometown Hero". Twins.mlb.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- T.R. Sullivan / MLB.com. "The Official Site of The Texas Rangers: News: Ryan named Rangers Hometown Hero". Mlb.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- T.R. Sullivan / MLB.com. "Pudge rejoins Rangers for chance to win | texasrangers.com: News". Texas.rangers.mlb.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- "Baseball For Thought: A Proposal for MLB Realignment". Baseballforthought.blogspot.com. May 11, 2006. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- CPCP's MLB Realignment – ArmchairGM – Sports Wiki Database Archived March 23, 2008, at the Wayback Machine.
- "Baseball diary, radical realignment, fans against realignment, major league baseball team addresses, NO radical realignment, Bud Selig, Plan A, realignment options". Andromedan.com. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
- USA Today. May 22, 2000 http://www.usatoday.com/sports/baseball/comment/sgcol04.htm. Retrieved May 11, 2010. Missing or empty
- Pinto, David (March 3, 2006). "Deep in the Heart of Texas". Baseball Musings. Retrieved October 18, 2011.