Swiss federal election, 1878

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
The 48 electoral districts

Federal elections were held in Switzerland on 27 October 1878. The Radical Left remained the largest group in the National Council.[1]

Electoral system

The 135 members of the National Council were elected in 48 single- and multi-member constituencies using a three-round system. Candidates had to receive a majority in the first or second round to be elected; if it went to a third round, only a plurality was required. Voters could cast as many votes as there were seats in their constituency.[2] There was one seat for every 20,000 citizens, with seats allocated to cantons in proportion to their population.[2]


Voter turnout was highest in Schaffhausen (where voting was compulsory) at 95.1% and lowest in Schwyz at 26.7%.

Party Votes % Seats +/–
Radical Left 34.857–6
Catholic Right 26.337+4
Liberal Centre 23.226+6
Democratic Group 9.410–5
Evangelical Right 5.15+3
Socialists 0.200
Independents 1.000
Registered voters/turnout634,08056.9
Source: BFS (seats)


  1. Elections to the National Council 1848–1917: Distribution of seats by party or political orientation BFS
  2. 1 2 Dieter Nohlen & Philip Stöver (2010) Elections in Europe: A data handbook, p1886 ISBN 9783832956097
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