Federal Administrative Court (Switzerland)
|Federal Administrative Court of Switzerland|
French: Tribunal administratif fédéral
Italian: Tribunale amministrativo federale
Romansh: Tribunal administrative federal
|Decisions are appealed to||Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland|
|This article is part of a series on the|
politics and government of
The Federal Administrative Court of Switzerland (German: Bundesverwaltungsgericht, French: Tribunal administratif fédéral, Italian: Tribunale amministrativo federale; Romansh: Tribunal administrative federal) is a Swiss federal court. It is the judicial authority to which decisions of the federal authorities of Switzerland can be appealed. The decisions of the Federal Administrative Court can generally be appealed, in turn, to the Federal Supreme Court of Switzerland.
The Federal Administrative Court was created with the federal judicial reform in 2005 to replace some thirty boards of appeal that exercised judicial oversight over the various departments of the federal administration. Up until 2007, the Swiss Federal Council, the supreme executive authority of Switzerland, also served as a final court of appeal in certain areas of administrative law. These judicial functions were also taken over by the Federal Administrative Court, ensuring that every decision of the administration can be reviewed in the last instance by an independent court of law.
The Federal Administrative Court is organised in six divisions with 72 judges in total:
- I: infrastructure, finance and personnel (16 judges)
- II: economy, education and competition (15 judges)
- III: foreigners, health and social security (11 judges)
- IV: asylum law (13 judges)
- V: asylum law (15 judges)
- VI: law concerning foreigners and citizenship (7 judges)
The judges are elected by the Federal Assembly of Switzerland and serve for six years; reelections are possible. Since 2011, the president of the Federal Administrative Court is Markus Metz.
Notes and references
- Website of the FAC in German, French or Italian
- English language booklet on the FAC published by the Court
- Federal Law of 17 June 2005 on the Federal Administrative Court in German, French or Italian