August Zehender

August Zehender
Born (1903-04-28)28 April 1903
Died 11 February 1945(1945-02-11) (aged 41)
Budapest, Hungary
Allegiance  Nazi Germany
Service/branch Waffen SS
Rank Brigadeführer
Service number NSDAP #4,263,133
SS #224,219
Unit SS Division Maria Theresia
Battles/wars World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

August Friedrich Zehender (28 April 1903 – 11 February 1945) was a high ranking SS commander in the Waffen-SS of Nazi Germany during World War II and the commander of the SS Division Maria Theresia. He was a recipient of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves.

Zehender (center, looking up) on the Stairs of Death at Mauthausen-Gusen concentration camp during a tour with Heinrich Himmler, June 1941.

Zehender was posted to the SS-Verfügungstruppe in 1935 (his NSDAP party number was 4263133 and his SS service number 224219). He was given command of a motorcycle battalion in the SS Division Das Reich. At the end of June 1941, Zehender was wounded on the Eastern Front at Losza. After his recovery he was posted to the SS Cavalry Brigade. In the spring of 1944, he was given command of the SS Division Maria Theresia, with which he fought at Budapest. He was killed in action on 11 February 1945 days later in Budapest.




  1. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 528.
  2. 1 2 Scherzer 2007, p. 802.


  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Miltaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
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