Martin Unrein

Martin Unrein
Born (1901-01-01)1 January 1901
Died 22 January 1972(1972-01-22) (aged 71)
Allegiance  German Empire (to 1918)
 Weimar Republic (to 1933)
 Nazi Germany
Service/branch Heer
Years of service 1918–45
Rank Generalleutnant
Commands held 14th Panzer Division
III SS Panzer Corps
Panzer Division Clausewitz

World War I

World War II
Awards Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves

Martin Friedrich Karl Unrein (1 January 1901 – 22 January 1972) was a general of the German Army during World War II.


Unrein enlisted the German army in the final stages of World War I and then joined the re-established Reichswehr, where held various regimental posts through the 1930s. He was promoted to Major in 1938, and served on the staff of the XI Corps, with which he served during the invasion of Poland in 1939. In January 1940, he was appointed to a reconnaissance unit of the 268th Infantry Division, which he commanded during the Battle of France. In September 1940, he was promoted to lieutenant-colonel and assigned to OKW. On 15 September 1941, he was appointed to command a motorcycle battalion in the 6th Panzer Division. The battalion was almost destroyed fighting outside Moscow, and Unrein was court-martialled, but was absolved of all blame. On 28 February, he was awarded the German Cross in Gold.

On 10 September 1943, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross for his actions in the Fourth Battle of Kharkov. On 29 October of that year, he was appointed to command the 14th Panzer Division, which was shortly to be sent to the Eastern Front. On 26 June 1944, he was awarded the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross with Oak Leaves, and on 1 July promoted to Lieutenant-General. On 11 February, he was promoted to command the III SS Panzer Corps and remained with the Corps until 5 March. On 4 April he was appointed to command the newly formed Panzer Division Clausewitz, leading them until he was captured on 24 April by an American patrol.

After the war Unrein served in the rank of Lieutenant Colonel as Commander of the 3836th Labor Service Center of the US Army in Becelaere Kaserne during the 1950 years.

Awards and decorations



  1. 1 2 3 4 Thomas 1998, p. 397.
  2. Patzwall & Scherzer 2001, p. 484.


  • Patzwall, Klaus D.; Scherzer, Veit (2001). Das Deutsche Kreuz 1941 – 1945 Geschichte und Inhaber Band II [The German Cross 1941 – 1945 History and Recipients Volume 2] (in German). Norderstedt, Germany: Verlag Klaus D. Patzwall. ISBN 978-3-931533-45-8. 
  • Scherzer, Veit (2007). Die Ritterkreuzträger 1939–1945 Die Inhaber des Ritterkreuzes des Eisernen Kreuzes 1939 von Heer, Luftwaffe, Kriegsmarine, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm sowie mit Deutschland verbündeter Streitkräfte nach den Unterlagen des Bundesarchives [The Knight's Cross Bearers 1939–1945 The Holders of the Knight's Cross of the Iron Cross 1939 by Army, Air Force, Navy, Waffen-SS, Volkssturm and Allied Forces with Germany According to the Documents of the Federal Archives] (in German). Jena, Germany: Scherzers Militaer-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-938845-17-2. 
  • Thomas, Franz (1998). Die Eichenlaubträger 1939–1945 Band 2: L–Z [The Oak Leaves Bearers 1939–1945 Volume 2: L–Z] (in German). Osnabrück, Germany: Biblio-Verlag. ISBN 978-3-7648-2300-9. 
Military offices
Preceded by
Generalleutnant Friedrich Sieberg
Commander of 14. Panzer-Division
29 October 1943 – 5 September 1944
Succeeded by
Generalmajor Oskar Munzel
Preceded by
Generalmajor Oskar Munzel
Commander of 14. Panzer-Division
1 December 1944 – 10 February 1945
Succeeded by
Oberst Friedrich-Wilhelm Jürgen
Preceded by
SS-Obergruppenführer Matthias Kleinheisterkamp
Commander of III (Germanic) SS Panzer Corps
11 February 1945 – 5 March 1945
Succeeded by
SS-Obergruppenführer Felix Steiner
Preceded by
Commander of Panzer Division Clausewitz
4 April 1945 – 8 May 1945
Succeeded by
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