Retinoic acid-induced protein 3 is a protein that in humans is encoded by the GPRC5A gene.
This gene encodes a member of the type 3 G protein-coupled receptor family, characterized by the signature 7-transmembrane domain motif. The encoded protein may be involved in interaction between retinoic acid and G protein signalling pathways. Retinoic acid plays a critical role in development, cellular growth, and differentiation. This gene may play a role in embryonic development and epithelial cell differentiation.
Post transcriptional regulation
GPRC5A is one of only a handful of genes known in the literature that are post-transcriptionally controlled by miRNAs through their 5'UTR.
GPRC5A is dysregulated in many human cancers and in other diseases.
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This article incorporates text from the United States National Library of Medicine, which is in the public domain.