Galanin receptor

galanin receptor 1
Symbol GALR1
Alt. symbols GALNR1, GALNR
Entrez 2587
HUGO 4132
OMIM 600377
RefSeq NM_001480
UniProt P47211
Other data
Locus Chr. 18 q23
galanin receptor 2
Symbol GALR2
Entrez 8811
HUGO 4133
OMIM 603691
RefSeq NM_003857
UniProt O43603
Other data
Locus Chr. 17 q25.3
galanin receptor 3
Symbol GALR3
Entrez 8484
HUGO 4134
OMIM 603692
RefSeq NM_003614
UniProt O60755
Other data
Locus Chr. 22 q12.2-13.1

The galanin receptor is a G protein-coupled receptor, or metabotropic receptor which binds galanin.[1]

Galanin receptors can be found throughout the peripheral and central nervous systems and the endocrine system. So far three subtypes are known to exist: GAL-R1, GAL-R2, and GAL-R3.[2] The specific function of each subtype remains to be fully elucidated, although as of 2009 great progress is currently being made in this respect with the generation of receptor subtype-specific knockout mice,[3][4] and the first selective ligands for galanin receptor subtypes. Selective galanin agonists are anticonvulsant,[5][6][7] while antagonists produce antidepressant and anxiolytic effects in animals,[8][9][10][11][12] so either agonist or antagonist ligands for the galanin receptors may be potentially therapeutic compounds in humans.



GAL1 selective

GAL1/2 selective
GAL2 selective


GAL1 selective
GAL2 selective
GAL3 selective


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  2. Branchek TA, Smith KE, Gerald C, Walker MW (2000). "Galanin receptor subtypes". Trends Pharmacol. Sci. 21 (3): 109–17. doi:10.1016/S0165-6147(00)01446-2. PMID 10689365.
  3. Rustay NR, Wrenn CC, Kinney JW, Holmes A, Bailey KR, Sullivan TL, Harris AP, Long KC, Saavedra MC, Starosta G, Innerfield CE, Yang RJ, Dreiling JL, Crawley JN (June 2005). "Galanin impairs performance on learning and memory tasks: findings from galanin transgenic and GAL-R1 knockout mice". Neuropeptides. 39 (3): 239–43. doi:10.1016/j.npep.2004.12.026. PMID 15944016.
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  12. Kuteeva E, Wardi T, Lundström L, Sollenberg U, Langel U, Hökfelt T, Ogren SO (October 2008). "Differential role of galanin receptors in the regulation of depression-like behavior and monoamine/stress-related genes at the cell body level". Neuropsychopharmacology. 33 (11): 2573–85. doi:10.1038/sj.npp.1301660. PMID 18172432.
  13. Ceide SC, Trembleau L, Haberhauer G, Somogyi L, Lu X, Bartfai T, Rebek J (November 2004). "Synthesis of galmic: a nonpeptide galanin receptor agonist". Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America. 101 (48): 16727–32. Bibcode:2004PNAS..10116727C. doi:10.1073/pnas.0407543101. PMC 534730Freely accessible. PMID 15557002.
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  18. 1 2 Sollenberg UE, Runesson J, Sillard R, Langel U (March 2010). "Binding of Chimeric Peptides M617 and M871 to Galanin Receptor Type 3 Reveals Characteristics of Galanin Receptor–Ligand Interaction". International Journal of Peptide Research and Therapeutics. 16 (1): 17–22. doi:10.1007/s10989-009-9197-9.
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  21. Saar I, Runesson J, McNamara I, Järv J, Robinson JK, Langel U (2011). "Novel galanin receptor subtype specific ligands in feeding regulation". Neurochemistry International. 58 (6): 714–720. doi:10.1016/j.neuint.2011.02.012. PMID 21333705.
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