Uruguayan constitutional referendum, 1938

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A double referendum on constitutional reform was held in Uruguay on 27 March 1938. Both sets of reforms were approved by voters.[1][2]

Proposed changes

The first set of reforms had been proposed in a constitutional law on 30 December 1936.[1] They would recognise the "lema" system of factions within political parties and allow several presidential candidates for each lema.[1] The most voted for candidate from the most voted for lema would win the presidential election.[1] The law would also reorganise the Senate.[1]

The second set of reforms were put forward by the General Assembly on 24 February 1938.[2] They would restrict each lema to a single candidate for president, as well as reorganising local government.[2] As this was an administrative initiative by two-fifths of the Assembly, a majority of registered voters voting in favour was required.[2] This was achieved, with 52.47% of all registered voters approving the reforms.[2]


Proposal I

Choice Votes %
Invalid/blank votes
Registered voters/turnout636,171
Source: Direct Democracy

Proposal II

Choice Votes %
Invalid/blank votes
Registered voters/turnout636,171
Source: Direct Democracy

See also


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