The Tarkani (Pashto: تر کا ڼي tarkāṇī; Urdu: ترکانی) or Tarkalani (Pashto: ترکلا ڼيي tarkalāṇī; Urdu: ترکلانی) are a Pashtun tribe who are mainly settled in Bajaur Agency, Lower Dir district of Pakistan, and in Kunar province of Afghanistan but originally hailed from the Laghman province of modern-day Afghanistan.[1][2][3][4][5][6]

In Pakistan, the vast majority of the Tarkalanis and its clans no longer reside in Bajaur Agency of the Federally Administered Tribal Areas, choosing instead to settle in Peshawar and other cities in Pakistan.

The Tarkani is split into four clans. These include Mamund (Kakazai and Wur) , Salarzai, Isazai, and Ismailzai.


  1. %22Tareekh-e-Kakazai%22 (a.k.a."Hidayat Afghani-Tareekh-e-Kakazai Tarkani" - (Originally Published May, 1933 in Urdu)
  2. "A Dictionary of the Pathan Tribes of the North West Frontier of India"published by The General Staff Army Headquarter, Calcutta, India - (Originally Published 1910) :: Kakazai / Kakayzai Pathan Tribe is mentioned on Page 22 (under ‘K’ -Kakazai), Page 12 (under ‘D’ - Daulat Khel - A sub-division of Kakazai Pathans), Page 26 (under 'K' - Khulozai - A sub-division of Kakazai Pathans), Page 29 (under ‘M’ -Maghdud Khel,Mahsud Khel and Mahmud Khel - sub-divisions of Kakazai Pathans), Page 47 (under 'U' - Umar Khel - A sub-division of Kakazai Pathans) and Page 50 (under 'Y' - Yusaf Khel - A sub-division of Kakazai Pathans)
  3. "Frontier and Overseas Expeditions from India" Volume One published by Government Mono Type Press, Simla, India - (Originally Published 1907) :: Kakazai / Kakayzai Pathan Tribe is mentioned between Page 515- 555-You can read these volumes online, thanks to Internet Archives though their market value is around $11000 ::
  4. Family Tree of Qais Abdul Rashid :: Spelled as Kaka Zai under the offsprings ofKharashboon (Khair ud Din) ::
  5. Tarkanri (Tarkalani or Tarkani) Tribe of Bajaur Agency and Dir - By "FATA Awareness Initiative"
  6. پښتانه قبيلی وپېژنئ - ډاکټر لطيف ياد - خېبر وېب پاڼه - pp 86-89 & 261-262 & 310-312 (in Pashto)

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