This article is about the Durrani tribe. For the Hashtnagar tribe in Charsadda, Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, see Muhammadzai (Hashtnagar).

Mohammadzai (Pashto: محمد زی) (meaning sons of Mohammad in Pashto language) is a sub-tribe of the Barakzai which is a sub-tribe of Durrani. They were Primarily centered on Kandahar, Kabul and Ghazni in Afghanistan. The Mohammadzai Musahiban ruled Afghanistan from 1826 to 1973 when the monarchy ended under Mohammad Zahir Shah. The Mohammadzai ruling house was established by Dost Mohammad Khan after the Durrani dynasty of Ahmad Shah Durrani was removed from power.


Mohammadzai were the most prominent and powerful branch of the Durrani confederacy, and are primarily centered on Kandahar. They can also be found in other provinces throughout Afghanistan as well as across the border in Pakistan.

Musahiban are the descendants of Sultan Mohammad Khan alao known as "Telai". Telai means Gold in Dari. He was the older brother of Dost Mohammed Khan. The Musahiban are closely related to King Amanullah.

The Tarzi family is a branch of the Mohammadzai of Afghanistan. Although a smaller branch of the Barakzai ruling dynasty, the Tarzi family has produced some of the most famous and affluent members. The founder of Tarzi family was Ghulam Muhammad Tarzi.


Barakzai Mohammadzai's usually have the southern dialect of Pashto, however there are many Mohammadzai's who speak Dari as a first (or second language), especially those whom live around Persian speaking non-Pashtun Afghans. In Pakistan, Mohammadzai speak Urdu and/or Balochi as well.


From 1826 to 1978, most rulers of Afghanistan belonged to the two branches of one Barakzai dynasty descending from the chiefs of the Barakzai tribe (belonging to the Mohammadzai).

See also

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