This article is about the biochemical buffer PIPES. For other uses, see Pipe (disambiguation).
IUPAC name
1,4-Piperazinediethanesulfonic acid (IUPAC)
Other names
5625-37-6 YesY
3D model (Jmol) Interactive image
ChemSpider 72022 N
ECHA InfoCard 100.024.598
PubChem 6992709
Molar mass 302.37
Appearance White powder
Melting point Decomposes above 300 °C
Boiling point Decomposes
1 g/L (100 °C)
Main hazards Irritant
Safety data sheet External MSDS
NFPA 704
Flammability code 0: Will not burn. E.g., water Health code 1: Exposure would cause irritation but only minor residual injury. E.g., turpentine Reactivity code 0: Normally stable, even under fire exposure conditions, and is not reactive with water. E.g., liquid nitrogen Special hazards (white): no codeNFPA 704 four-colored diamond
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
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Infobox references

PIPES is the common name for piperazine-N,N′-bis(2-ethanesulfonic acid), and frequently used buffering agent in biochemistry. It is an ethanesulfonic acid buffer developed by Good et al. in the 1960s.[1]


PIPES has pKa (6.76 at 25°C) near the physiological pH which makes it useful in cell culture work. Its effective buffering range is 6.1-7.5 at 25° C. PIPES has been documented minimizing lipid loss when buffering glutaraldehyde histology in plant and animal tissues.[2][3] Fungal zoospore fixation for fluorescence microscopy and electron microscopy were optimized with a combination of glutaraldehyde and formaldehyde in PIPES buffer.[4] It has a negligible capacity to bind divalent ions.

See also


  1. Good, Norman E.; Winget, G. Douglas; Winter, Wilhelmina; Connolly, Thomas N.; Izawa, Seikichi; Singh, Raizada M. M. (1966). "Hydrogen Ion Buffers for Biological Research". Biochemistry. 5 (2): 467–77. doi:10.1021/bi00866a011. PMID 5942950.
  2. Salema, R. and Brando, I., J. Submicr. Cytol., 9, 79 (1973).
  3. Schiff, R.I. and Gennaro, J.F., Scaning Electron Microsc., 3, 449 (1979).
  4. Hardham, A.R. (1985). "Studies on the cell surface of zoospores and cysts of the fungus Phytophthora cinnamomi: The influence of fixation on patterns of lectin binding". Journal of Histochemistry. 33 (2): 110–8. doi:10.1177/33.2.3918095. PMID 3918095.

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