2016 Democratic National Convention
2016 presidential election|
Clinton and Kaine
|Date(s)||July 25–28, 2016|
|Venue||Wells Fargo Center|
|Keynote speaker||Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts|
|Presidential nominee||Hillary Clinton of New York|
|Vice Presidential nominee||Tim Kaine of Virginia|
|Other candidates||Bernie Sanders of Vermont|
|Votes needed for nomination||2,382 (majority)|
Clinton (NY): 2,842 (59.67%)|
Sanders (VT): 1,865 (39.16%)
Abstention: 56 (1.18%)
|Results (Vice President)||Kaine (VA): By acclamation|
2016 U.S. presidential election
The 2016 Democratic National Convention was a presidential nominating convention, held at the Wells Fargo Center in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, from July 25 through to July 28, 2016. The convention gathered delegates of the Democratic Party, the majority of which elected through a preceding series of primaries and caucuses, to nominate a candidate for president and vice president in the 2016 United States presidential election. Former Secretary of State Hillary Clinton was chosen as the party's nominee for president by a 59.67% majority of delegates present at the convention roll call, defeating primary rival Senator Bernie Sanders, who received 39.16% of votes from delegates, and becoming the first female candidate to be formally nominated by a major national party as a presidential candidate in the United States. Her running mate, Senator Tim Kaine from Virginia, was chosen by delegates as the party's nominee for vice president by acclamation.
Delegates at the convention also adopted a party platform, through a voice vote, to take to the 2016 elections, touted as the "most progressive" platform in the Democratic Party's history. The progressive shift was often credited to Sanders and the influence of platform-committee members appointed by him. The platform featured a focus on economic issues, such as Wall Street reform, stronger financial regulation, and raising the minimum wage to $15 an hour. Liberal stances on social issues, such as a call for criminal justice reform and an end to private prisons, expansion of social security, and the abolition of the death penalty, also feature in the platform.
Senator Elizabeth Warren delivered the keynote address of the convention, with First Lady Michelle Obama and Bernie Sanders serving as headlining speakers on the first day. Former President Bill Clinton served as headlining speaker on the convention's second day, while Vice President Joe Biden and President Barack Obama headlined on day three. Tim Kaine gave his vice presidential nomination acceptance speech on the third day of the convention, while Chelsea Clinton introduced Hillary Clinton to give her presidential nomination acceptance speech on the final day. Clinton's speech was generally well-received, and she would go on to have a 7% convention bounce in national polling. Various performers also appeared during the convention, including Demi Lovato, Alicia Keys, Lenny Kravitz and Katy Perry. The live announcer for the four day event was Sylvia Villagran.
The convention was not without controversy, as it was subject to various conflicts between supporters of the presidential campaign of Bernie Sanders and the Democratic Party. In the week prior to the convention, various emails from the Democratic National Committee, the governing body of the Democratic Party, were leaked and published, allegedly showing bias against the Sanders' campaign on the part of the Committee and its chair, Debbie Wasserman Schultz. Schultz subsequently resigned as chair of the Committee, and thus as chair of the Democratic National Convention, with Congresswoman Marcia Fudge taking up the role of Convention chair. Some delegates in support of Sanders staged protests both outside and on the floor of the convention, opposing the nomination of Clinton and Kaine as the party's nominees for president and vice president, respectively.
In 2016, the Republican and Democratic conventions were held in late July before the Rio de Janeiro Summer Olympics, instead of after the Olympics as in 2008 and 2012. One reason why the Republican Party scheduled its convention in July was to help avoid a longer, drawn-out primary battle (as in 2012). The Democrats then followed suit, scheduling their convention the week after the Republicans' convention, to provide a quicker response.
Choice of convention site
Philadelphia was selected as the host city on February 12, 2015. The primary venue was the Wells Fargo Center; the Pennsylvania Convention Center was also used. The last convention held in Philadelphia was the 2000 Republican National Convention; the last time the city hosted the Democratic Convention was in 1948. Philadelphia was selected over finalists Columbus, New York City, Birmingham, Cleveland, and Phoenix. Edward G. Rendell, the former mayor of Philadelphia and governor of Pennsylvania, played a crucial role in securing Philadelphia as the host city.
The 2016 Philadelphia Host Committee, a 501(c)(3) non-profit, was the official and federally designated presidential convention host committee for the convention, charged with the task of raising the necessary funds to hold the convention. The Host Committee is composed of 10 prominent Philadelphia business executives, civic and other community leaders. The Reverend Leah Daughtry is the CEO.
A cache of more than 19,000 e-mails was leaked on July 22, 2016. This caused Democratic National Committee chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz to resign. Julian Assange, the founder of Wikileaks, timed the release of the e-mails to occur shortly before the Democratic convention in hopes of maximizing its impact.
Cybersecurity experts have identified the Russian government as potentially responsible for the hack of the DNC that led to the leaks, and the U.S. intelligence agencies have "high confidence" that the Russian government was behind the theft.
By May 19, 2016, five organized groups of Sanders supporters had applied for demonstration permits from the Philadelphia police department. A joint rally between the Poor People's Economic Human Rights Campaign and the Green Party of the United States was denied a protest permit, but both groups planned to go ahead with their protest regardless. The Poor People's Economic Human Rights Campaign, the Green Party, and other groups obtained permits for their demonstrations on July 7 after the American Civil Liberties Union filed a lawsuit that resulted in the city lifting its ban on rush-hour protests during the DNC. On July 12, Philadelphia International Airport workers of the SEIU 32BJ union voted 461-5 in favor of striking during the DNC in order to seek "better scheduling, clarity on sick pay, a more predictable disciplinary system, and to be able to unionize." However, on July 22, the union and American Airlines reached an agreement, and the planned strike was called off.
Nomination and balloting
Pre-convention delegate count
The table below reflects the presumed delegate count following the 2016 Democratic primaries:
|Candidate||Pledged delegates||Presumed count, including superdelegates|
The Democratic presidential ballot was held on July 26, with Mayor Stephanie Rawlings-Blake of Baltimore presiding over the roll call of states. Senator Barbara Mikulski, the longest-serving woman in the history of Congress, nominated Clinton. Congressman John Lewis and professor Na'ilah Amaru seconded the nomination. Congresswoman Tulsi Gabbard nominated Sanders, with Paul Feeney, the Massachusetts State Director for the Sanders campaign, and Shyla Nelson, a spokeswoman for Election Justice USA, seconding the nomination. During the roll call, several state delegations lauded the accomplishments of both Clinton and Sanders.
After all states had voted, Sanders stated, "I move that the convention suspend the procedural rules. I move that all votes, all votes cast by delegates be reflected in the official record, and I move that Hillary Clinton be selected as the nominee of the Democratic Party for president of the United States." Clinton had made a similar motion during the 2008 convention roll call; however, Sanders (unlike Clinton in 2008) did not move to nominate Clinton by acclamation. Clinton became the first woman to be nominated for president by a major U.S. political party.
|Virgin Islands, U.S.||12||0||0|
|States and territories||40||16||1|
Vice presidential nomination
Clinton had announced her selection of Senator Tim Kaine of Virginia as her running mate on July 22. Some Sanders supporters had discussed the possibility of challenging Kaine's nomination, but Kaine was nominated by acclamation on the third day of the convention. Kaine became the first Virginian since Woodrow Wilson to be on a major party's ticket.
The Platform Committee was co-chaired by former Atlanta mayor Shirley Franklin and Connecticut governor Dannel P. Malloy. The four vice chairs are Nellie Gorbea of Rhode Island, the Rev. Cynthia Hale of Georgia, San Francisco mayor Ed Lee, and Greg Rosenbaum.
Prior to the meeting of the full Platform Drafting Committee, eight meetings in four regions (Mid-Atlantic, Southwest, Midwest, and Southeast) were held: a forum with testimony in Washington, D.C. on June 8 and 9; a forum with testimony in Phoenix, Arizona, on June 17 and 18; a drafting committee meeting in St. Louis, Missouri, on June 24 and 25; and a platform committee meeting in Orlando, Florida, on July 8 and 9.
The Drafting Committee heard testimony from 114 witnesses across the United States, and an additional "1,000 Democrats submitted written or video testimony weighing in on the platform." The drafting committee concluded its work on June 25, sending the draft platform to the full platform committee.
The Drafting Committee consisted of fifteen members. Under party rules, the chair of the Democratic National Committee had the power to name all fifteen members of the Drafting Committee, which has typically been done in the past in consultation with the White House (if a Democratic president is sitting) and the presumptive nominee. In 2016, however, DNC chairwoman Debbie Wasserman-Schultz opted "to allocate 75% of the committee's seats to the presidential campaigns, awarding the slots proportionally according to the current vote tally" in a bid for wider representation of party members. As a result, Clinton appointed six members to the committee, Sanders five, and Wasserman Schultz four. This was the outcome of an agreement among the Bernie Sanders campaign, the Hillary Clinton campaign, and party officials, and was viewed as a victory for Sanders, who gained some influence on the party platform as result.
Hillary Clinton committee appointees:
- Paul Booth of the American Federation of State, County and Municipal Employees
- Carol Browner, former director of the White House Office of Energy and Climate Change Policy and former administrator of the Environmental Protection Agency
- U.S. Representative Luis Gutiérrez of Illinois
- Ohio State Representative Alicia Reece
- Ambassador Wendy Sherman, former senior State Department official
- Neera Tanden, president of the Center for American Progress, "longtime Clinton confidante"
Bernie Sanders committee appointees:
- U.S. Representative Keith Ellison of Minnesota, one of the highest-ranked elected officials to endorse Sanders
- Bill McKibben, environmentalist
- Deborah Parker, Native American activist
- Dr. Cornel West, author, racial justice advocate
- James Zogby, DNC official, president of the Arab American Institute
Debbie Wasserman Schultz committee appointees:
- Former U.S. Representative Howard Berman of California
- U.S. Representative Elijah E. Cummings of Maryland (chair of the drafting committee)
- U.S. Representative Barbara Lee of California
- Bonnie Schaefer, executive
The Clinton Campaign’s Senior Policy Advisor Maya Harris and the Sanders Campaign’s Policy Director Warren Gunnels represented their respective campaigns as official, non-voting members of the Drafting Committee. Andrew Grossman was named Platform Executive Director.
The platform adopted by the platform committee was described by NBC News and by columnist Katrina vanden Heuvel as the most progressive in party history, largely reflecting the influence of platform-committee members appointed by Bernie Sanders. The platform committee-drafted platform was praised by both Hillary Clinton's campaign and Bernie Sanders' campaign, with Sanders policy director Warren Gunnells saying his campaign achieved "at least 80 percent" of its goals. Although Sanders could have chosen, under party rules, to force a vote on the convention floor using a "minority report" process, he decided not to do so, with Gunnells telling supporters that the campaign had successfully secured the adoption of many of its platform goals and "that further platform fights would be portrayed in the corporate media as obstructionist and divisive."
The platform expresses support for raising the federal minimum wage to $15 an hour and indexing it to inflation, a plank supported by Sanders. The adoption of this point was a boost for the Fight for $15 movement. The platform also calls for ending the sub-minimum wage for tipped workers and workers with disabilities, and for twelve weeks of paid family and medical leave.
On health care, the platform committee adopted a provision supporting a public option for the Affordable Care Act and for legislation to allow Americans ages 55 and over to buy into Medicare. The platform committee voted down a more ambitious Medicare for All proposal supported by Sanders. The platform "repeats the Democratic Party pledge to empower Medicare to negotiate lower prices for prescription drugs" and also calls for "doubling support for community health centers that provide primary health-care services, particularly in rural areas.
On financial regulation (Wall Street reform), the platform supports "a 21st-century Glass-Steagall Act to keep banks from gambling with taxpayer-guaranteed deposits", calls for the breakup of "too big to fail" financial institutions, and supports a tax on excessive speculation.
The platform expresses support for criminal justice reform, calls for an end to private prisons, and reforms to boost police accountability to communities. The platform calls for shutting "the revolving door between Wall Street and Washington," calling for "a ban on golden parachutes for bankers taking government jobs, limits on conflict of interest, and a two-year ban on financial services regulators 'from lobbying their former colleagues.'"
On taxation, the platform pledges "tax relief" to middle-class families. The platform also calls for the end of overseas tax deferral and the carried interest tax loophole, as well as a crackdown on corporate inversions.
On K–12 education, the party's platform was revised "in important ways, backing the right of parents to opt their children out of high-stakes standardized tests, qualifying support for charter schools, and opposing using test scores for high-stakes purposes to evaluate teachers and students." The platform calls for "democratically governed great neighborhood public schools and high-quality public charter schools," and opposes "for-profit charter schools focused on making a profit off of public resources."
On workers' rights, "the platform endorses expanding and defending the right of workers to organize unions and bargain collectively." The platform supports the ability of workers to organize via card check and "calls for a 'model employer' executive order that would give preference in government procurement to employers who provide their workers with a living wage, benefits and the opportunity to form a union."
The platform committee approved compromise language on the controversial practice of hydraulic fracturing (fracking), calling for increased federal, state and local regulation of the practice but not a wholesale ban, as Sanders had pushed for.
The platform drafting committee twice voted down an amendment, supported by Sanders and advanced by one of his appointees, Rep. Keith Ellison, to commit the party to opposing the Trans-Pacific Partnership trade deal. The committee instead backed a measure that said "there are a diversity of views in the party" on the TPP and reaffirmed that Democratic Party's stance that any trade deal "must protect workers and the environment."
In a close, 81-80 vote, the platform committee approved language supporting the removal of marijuana from Schedule I of the Controlled Substances Act, "providing a reasoned pathway for future legalization" of marijuana.
The platform maintains the Democratic Party's longstanding support for Israel, with DNC chair Debbie Wasserman Schultz terming it the "strongest pro-Israel" platform in the party's history. The platform includes a provision condemning the BDS movement and calling for a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict "that guarantees Israel’s future as a secure and democratic Jewish state with recognized borders and provides the Palestinians with independence, sovereignty, and dignity." Proposals for language that would have condemned settlements and called for an end to the Israeli occupation were rejected in the platform committee.
On abortion, the platform states, "We believe unequivocally, like the majority of Americans, that every woman should have access to quality reproductive health care services, including safe and legal abortion — regardless of where she lives, how much money she makes, or how she is insured." It also promises action to overturn the Helms Amendment and the Hyde Amendment, and against efforts to defund Planned Parenthood. This marks the first time the Democratic platform has an explicit call to repeal the Hyde Amendment.
The platform urges U.S. ratification of the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women and supports passage of the Equal Rights Amendment, saying: "After 240 years, we will finally enshrine the rights of women in the Constitution."
On July 23, party officials announced that Democratic National Committee chairwoman Debbie Wasserman Schultz would not preside over or speak at the convention. The announcement came after the leak of 20,000 emails by seven DNC staffers from January 2015 to May 2016, during the Democratic primary season. The emails showed the staffers favoring Clinton and disparaging Sanders. Wasserman Schultz's removal from convention activities was approved by both the Clinton and Sanders campaigns. In her place, the Rules Committee named Representative Marcia Fudge of Ohio as convention chair. Chris Cillizza of the Washington Post described this as "a remarkable snub for a sitting party chair."
On July 24, the DNC Rules Committee voted overwhelmingly, 158–6, to adopt a superdelegate reform package. The new rules were the result of a compromise between the Clinton and the Sanders campaigns; in the past, Sanders had pressed for the complete elimination of superdelegates.
Under the reform package, in future Democratic conventions about two-thirds of superdelegates would be bound to the results of state primaries and caucuses. The remaining one third—Democratic senators, Democratic governors and Democratic U.S. representatives—would remain unbound and free to support the candidate of their choice.
Under the reform package, a 21-member unity commission, chaired by Clinton supporter Jennifer O'Malley Dillon and vice-chaired by Sanders supporter Larry Cohen, is to be appointed "no later than 60 days" after the November 2016 general election. The commission would report by January 1, 2018, and its recommendations would be voted on at the next Democratic National Committee meeting, well before the beginning of the 2020 Democratic primaries. The commission was to consider "a mix of Clinton and Sanders ideas, including expanding 'eligible voters' ability to participate in the caucuses in caucus states, a gripe of Clinton's campaign, and encouraging 'the involvement in all elections of unaffiliated or new voters who seek to join the Democratic Party through same-day registration and re-registration'", which is one of Sanders' demands. The commission drew comparisons to the McGovern–Fraser Commission, which established party primary reforms before the 1972 Democratic National Convention.
According to C-SPAN data, 257 speakers addressed the convention from the podium over the course of the convention.
List of speakers
- First night (Monday, July 25): Theme: "United Together."
- U.S. Representative Marcia Fudge of Ohio, permanent chair of the convention
- Rev. Dr. Cynthia Hale, Invocation
- Former Mayor of Denver Wellington Webb of Colorado
- State representative Diane Russell of Maine
- U.S. Representative Steny Hoyer of Maryland, the House Democratic Whip
- U.S. Representative Robert Brady of Pennsylvania
- U.S. Representative Brendan Boyle of Pennsylvania
- U.S. Representative Raul Grijalva of Arizona
- U.S. Representative Nita Lowey of New York
- State House Speaker Tina Kotek of Oregon
- State Senate President pro tempore Kevin de León of California
- State House Minority Leader Stacey Abrams of Georgia
- Mayor Jim Kenney of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- U.S. Representative Keith Ellison of Minnesota
- Governor Dannel Malloy of Connecticut, chairman of the Democratic Governors Association
- Leah D. Daughtry, CEO of the 2016 Democratic National Convention
- John Podesta, chairman of Hillary Clinton's 2016 campaign
- U.S. Representatives Linda and Loretta Sánchez of California
- Mayor Marty Walsh of Boston, Massachusetts
- Lee Saunders, president of AFSCME
- Lily Eskelsen Garcia, president of the National Education Association
- Mary Kay Henry, president of the SEIU
- Richard Trumka, president of the AFL-CIO
- Sean McGarvey, president of the Building and Construction Trades Department, AFL–CIO
- Randi Weingarten, president of the American Federation of Teachers
- Pam Livengood, New Hampshire grandmother who spoke on the opioid crisis
- U.S. Senator Jeanne Shaheen of New Hampshire
- Singer Demi Lovato
- U.S. Senator Jeff Merkley of Oregon
- Karla and Francisca Ortiz, mother and daughter, speaking about immigration
- DREAMer activist Astrid Silva (headliner)
- U.S. Representative Luis Gutiérrez of Illinois
- Jason and Jarron Collins, professional basketball players
- Jesse Lipson, founder of ShareFile
- Nevada state senator Pat Spearman
- U.S. Senator Bob Casey Jr. of Pennsylvania
- Mayor of Chillicothe Luke Feeney
- U.S. Senator Kirsten Gillibrand of New York
- U.S. Senator Al Franken of Minnesota and comedian Sarah Silverman – performed comedy sketch together
- Anastasia Somoza, disability rights advocate
- Eva Longoria, actress
- U.S. Senator Cory Booker of New Jersey
- First Lady Michelle Obama (headliner)
- Cheryl Lankford, speaking about Trump University
- U.S. Representative Joe Kennedy III of Massachusetts (introduced Warren)
- U.S. Senator Elizabeth Warren of Massachusetts (keynote speaker)
- U.S. Senator Bernie Sanders of Vermont (headliner)—final speaker of the night
- Rabbi Julie Schonfeld, delivered closing benediction
- Second night (Tuesday, July 26): Theme: "A Lifetime of Fighting for Children and Families"
- Former U.S. Senator Tom Harkin of Iowa
- Secretary of State of Kentucky Alison Lundergan Grimes
- U.S. Representative Tulsi Gabbard of Hawaii, nominating Bernie Sanders for president
- Paul Feeney, seconding the Sanders nomination
- Shyla Nelson, seconding the Sanders nomination
- Senator Barbara Mikulski of Maryland, nominating Hillary Clinton for president
- U.S. Representative John Lewis of Georgia, seconding Clinton's nomination
- Na'ilah Amaru, seconding Clinton's nomination
- Governor Terry McAuliffe of Virginia
- House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi of California, appearing alongside several other female House Democrats
- Former State Senator Jason Carter of Georgia, introducing a video message from former President Jimmy Carter
- U.S. Senator Chuck Schumer of New York
- Elizabeth Banks, actress
- Thaddeus Desmond, Philadelphia children's advocate
- Dynah Haubert, Philadelphia attorney for disability rights group
- Kate Burdick, attorney for the Philadelphia-based Juvenile Law Center
- Anton Moore of Philadelphia, founder of nonprofit community organization that speaks to young people about gun violence
- Dustin Parsons of Little Rock, Arkansas, fifth-grade teacher
- Principal and students of Eagle Academy in New York City and Newark
- Daniele Mellott
- Jelani Freeman
- Donna Brazile, Democratic National Committee Vice Chair of Voter Registration and Participation and future interim chair of the Democratic National Committee (effective at the end of the convention)
- Former Attorney General Eric Holder
- Pittsburgh Police Chief Cameron McLay
- Tony Goldwyn, actor
- The Mothers of the Movement (mothers of children killed by gun violence, headliners)
- Cecile Richards, president of Planned Parenthood
- Lena Dunham and America Ferrara, actresses
- Mayor Stephen Benjamin of Columbia, South Carolina
- U.S. Senator Barbara Boxer of California
- Debra Messing, actress
- Joe Sweeney, New York City police detective, 9/11 first responder
- Lauren Manning, wounded at the World Trade Center on 9/11
- U.S. Representative Joseph Crowley of New York
- Erika Alexander, actress
- Ryan Moore, of South Sioux City, Nebraska
- Former Governor Howard Dean of Vermont
- U.S. Senator Amy Klobuchar of Minnesota
- Ima Matul, Indonesian survivor of human trafficking, spoke on anti-slavery and human trafficking programs championed by Hillary Clinton
- Former Secretary of State Madeleine Albright
- Former President Bill Clinton (headliner)
- Meryl Streep, actress
- Pastor Tony Campolo, delivering the benediction
- Third night (Wednesday, July 27): Theme: "Working Together"
- Reverend William J. Byron, S.J., invocation
- Daniel Driffin, HIV/AIDS activist
- Neera Tanden, president of the Center for American Progress Action Fund
- U.S. Representative Sheila Jackson Lee of Texas
- U.S. Representative Michelle Lujan Grisham of New Mexico
- Delegate Eleanor Holmes Norton of the District of Columbia
- U.S. Representative Adam Schiff of California
- U.S. Representative Maxine Waters of California
- Ilyse Hogue, president of NARAL Pro-Choice America
- Mayor Andrew Gillum of Tallahassee, Florida
- U.S. Representative Judy Chu of California, along with several other members of the Congressional Asian Pacific American Caucus
- Brooks Bell, North Carolina tech entrepreneur
- Mayor Bill de Blasio of New York City
- U.S. Representative Ben Ray Lujan of New Mexico
- The Reverend Jesse Jackson
- Star Jones, actress
- Mayor Karen Weaver of Flint, Michigan
- U.S. Representative G.K. Butterfield of North Carolina, chair of the Congressional Black Caucus
- Stephanie Schriock, president of EMILY's List
- U.S. Senate Democratic Leader Harry Reid of Nevada
- Lieutenant Governor Gavin Newsom of California
- U.S. Representative Ruben Gallego of Arizona
- Jaime Dorff, widow of Army helicopter pilot Patrick Dorff
- Mayor Mike Duggan of Detroit, Michigan
- Former Governor Martin O'Malley of Maryland
- Sigourney Weaver, actress
- Governor Jerry Brown of California
- Lee Daniels, director
- Christine Leinonen, Brandon Wolf, and Jose Arraigada, speaking about the 2016 Orlando nightclub shooting
- U.S. Senator Chris Murphy of Connecticut
- Erica Smegielski, speaking about the Sandy Hook Elementary School shooting
- Former Philadelphia Police Commissioner Charles H. Ramsey
- Angela Bassett, actress
- Felicia Sanders & Polly Sheppard, survivors of the Charleston church shooting
- Former U.S. Representative Gabby Giffords & Captain Mark Kelly, both of Arizona
- Rear Admiral John Hutson, U.S. Navy (retired)
- Kristen Kavanaugh, co-founder of the Military Acceptance Project
- Former CIA Director and Secretary of Defense Leon Panetta
- Second Lady of the United States Jill Biden
- Vice President Joe Biden (headliner)
- Mayor Kasim Reed of Atlanta, Georgia
- Former Mayor Michael Bloomberg of New York
- U.S. Senator Tim Kaine of Virginia, accepting the 2016 Democratic vice presidential nomination (headliner)
- Sharon Belkofer, mother of fallen Lt. Col. Thomas Belkofer
- President Barack Obama (headliner)
- Rev. Gabriel Salguero, delivering the benediction
- Fourth night (Thursday, July 28): Theme: "Stronger Together"
- Gene Karpinski, president of the League of Conservation Voters
- State Representative Peggy Flanagan of Minnesota
- U.S. Representative Ted Deutch of Florida
- Former Mayor Antonio Villaraigosa of Los Angeles, California
- Former State Representative Bakari Sellers of South Carolina
- Jaime Harrison, chairman of the South Carolina Democratic Party
- U.S. Representative Maxine Waters of California
- Chad Griffin, president of the Human Rights Campaign
- U.S. Representative Cedric Richmond of Louisiana
- State House Majority Leader Crisanta Duran of Colorado
- U.S. Representative Gwen Moore of Wisconsin
- State Representative Raumesh Akbari of Tennessee
- State Senator Ruben Kihuen of Nevada
- Former Mayor Michael Nutter of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
- U.S. Representative Emanuel Cleaver of Missouri
- U.S. Representative Sean Patrick Maloney of New York and LGBT rights activist Sarah McBride
- Dolores Huerta, civil rights leader
- U.S. Representative Joyce Beatty of Ohio
- Governor Mark Dayton of Minnesota
- Mayor Eric Garcetti of Los Angeles, California
- Katie McGinty, Democratic nominee for the U.S. Senate in Pennsylvania
- U.S. Representative Tammy Duckworth
- U.S. Representative James Clyburn of South Carolina
- Marlon Marshall, Hillary for America Director of States and Political Engagement
- House Minority Leader Nancy Pelosi of California
- U.S. Senator Barbara Mikulski of Maryland, appearing alongside 11 other female Democratic Senators
- Hillary for America Latino Vote Director Lorella Praeli
- U.S. Representative Joaquín Castro of Texas
- Governor Andrew Cuomo of New York
- Nancy Pelosi of California, leader of House Democrats
- U.S. Representative Tim Ryan of Ohio
- Governor John Hickenlooper of Colorado
- Ted Danson and Mary Steenburgen, actors
- Henrietta Ivey, home care worker supporting a $15/hr minimum wage
- Dave Wills, 8th grade social studies teacher, speaking about student debt
- Beth Mathias
- Jensen Walcott & Jake Reed, former pizza parlor colleagues speaking about equal pay
- Governor Tom Wolf of Pennsylvania
- Former Governor Jennifer Granholm of Michigan
- Doug Elmets, former Reagan administration official
- Jennifer Pierotti Lim, Director of Health Policy for the U.S. Chamber of Commerce and co-founder of Republicans for Hillary
- Dallas Sheriff Lupe Valdez
- Jennifer Loudon, Wayne Walker, Wayne Owens, Barbara Owens, family members of fallen police officers
- Reverend William Barber, II, of North Carolina
- Kareem Abdul-Jabaar, professional basketball player
- Khizr Khan, with Ghazala Khan, father and mother of fallen Army Captain Humayun S. M. Khan
- U.S. Representative Ted Lieu of California
- General John R. Allen, U.S. Marine Corps (retired 4-star General), surrounded by dozens of veterans
- Captain Florent Groberg (retired), recipient of the Medal of Honor
- Chloë Grace Moretz, actress
- U.S. Representative Xavier Becerra of California
- U.S. Senator Sherrod Brown of Ohio
- Singer Katy Perry
- Chelsea Clinton, daughter of Bill and Hillary Clinton (headliner)
- 2016 Democratic presidential nominee Hillary Clinton (headliner)
- Reverend Bill Shillady, delivering the benediction
Unlike previous conventions, sitting Cabinet members did not speak at the event; the White House decided that barring Cabinet officers from addressing the convention would "send a signal about the primacy of the Obama administration's responsibility to manage the government and serve the American people" and avoid legal or political difficulties.
List of performances
- First night (Monday, July 25):
- Second night (Tuesday, July 26):
- Third night (Wednesday, July 27):
- Fourth night (Thursday, July 28):
- Other performances:
- Snoop Dogg – performed at a concert following convention's final night
- Fergie Duhamel – performed at a charity benefit show at convention
- Cyndi Lauper and Idina Menzel – performed at women's luncheon
- Lady Gaga, Lenny Kravitz, and DJ Jazzy Jeff – performed at the "Camden Rising" concert at the BB&T Pavilion in Camden, New Jersey (across the Delaware River from Philadelphia) on the afternoon of July 28.
Minnesota Senator Al Franken introduced fellow comedian Sarah Silverman, who is also a Bernie Sanders supporter. In her speech, she urged other Sanders supporters to back Hillary Clinton and later said that Bernie or Bust people "are being ridiculous". The Washington Post and Politico called this one of the most memorable moments of the night. The New York Times called her speech "the perfect breath of fresh air." Michael Grunwald of Politico coined the term "Silverman Democrats" for Sanders supporters who followed Sanders's advice to support Clinton in the general election.
In her speech, First Lady Michelle Obama defended Hillary Clinton and urged Democrats to vote for Hillary, focusing on Clinton's role as a woman and a mother. Obama alluded to Donald Trump's actions as reasons to vote for Clinton, while attempting to heal the fractures within the party. Referencing her experience as a black woman in the White House, she said that although she lives in a "house that was built by slaves," seeing her children play on the White House lawn fills her with hope. She said: "Don't let anyone ever tell you that this country is not great. That somehow we need to make it great again. Because this right now is the greatest country on Earth." The Atlantic described the speech as the best of the night and called it a speech "for the ages", a qualification echoed in other publications. David Smith of The Guardian called it a "profound, moving and devastating riposte to Donald Trump".
|"First Lady Michelle Obama", 2016 Democratic National Convention, C-SPAN|
In his speech, Sanders told supports that he understood and shared their disappointment "about the final results of the nominating process," but urged them to "take enormous pride in the historical accomplishments we have achieved," saying: "Together, my friends, we have begun a political revolution to transform America and that revolution – our revolution – continues."
Sanders offered a strong endorsement of Hillary Clinton, saying that American needed leadership that would "improve the lives of working families, children, the elderly, the sick and poor" and "bring our people together," and that "By these measures, any objective observer will conclude that – based on her ideas and her leadership – Hillary Clinton must become the next president of the United States." Sanders said "I am proud to stand with her."
On the second day of the convention, Sanders' delegates, with his approval, voted for him in the formal roll-call vote, although at the end of the roll-call vote Sanders moved to suspend the rules to and formally nominate Clinton for president, an important unifying gesture.
Former President Bill Clinton spoke on the second night of the convention, telling the story of his life with his wife, Hillary Clinton. Clinton described his wife as someone who had fought for change throughout her entire life, beginning with their first meeting in law school in 1971. Clinton contrasted the Republican portrayal of his wife with what he argued is the "real one," relating anecdotes regarding Clinton's friends and family. Dylan Matthews of Vox called the speech a "typical first lady address," noting that the former president rarely touched on his own political career. Chris Cillizza of the Washington Post stated that Clinton talked about his wife in an "engaging, funny and, yes, sweet way."
Former New York City Mayor Michael Bloomberg spoke on the third night of the convention, where he emphasized that he is not a Democrat, but endorsed Clinton anyway to "defeat a dangerous demagogue." Bloomberg's speech aimed to convince centrist voters that voting for Clinton is the "responsible" thing to do, as Bloomberg argued Trump would be a dangerous and unpredictable president. Chris Cillizza of the Washington Post wrote that Bloomberg gave a "searing and effective critique" of a fellow New York billionaire. After the speech, Reihan Salam of Slate wondered whether Bloomberg's speech foreshadowed future ideological battles in the Democratic Party between moderate "Bloombourgeoisie" and liberal "Sandernistas."
Having been nominated by acclamation earlier in the day, Kaine accepted the Democratic vice presidential nomination on the night of July 27. In one of his first major national speeches, Kaine discussed his life story, including his childhood as the son of an ironworker, his time in Honduras, and his response to the Virginia Tech shooting. Kaine also attacked Trump, arguing that, in contrast to Clinton, Trump had failed to explain what he would do once in office. Kaine performed an impression of Trump, mockingly repeating "believe me," and then arguing that Trump's past showed that he cannot be trusted. Kaine also strongly endorsed Clinton as the most qualified candidate for president, calling her lista, Spanish for "ready." After the speech, Morgan Winsor of ABC News noted the many Twitter users who described Kaine as "your friend's overly nice dad."
|"Sen. Tim Kaine", 2016 Democratic National Convention, C-SPAN|
In one of the last major speeches of his presidency, Obama strongly endorsed Clinton as the nominee, saying "there has never been a man or woman more qualified than Hillary Clinton." Obama contrasted his and Clinton's hopeful view of America with that of Trump, which he called "deeply pessimistic." Obama argued that Trump is unqualified for the office, and is attempting to use fear to get elected. Michael Grunwald of Politico called it a "stirring but fundamentally defensive speech." Conservative blogger Erick Erickson tweeted "I disagree with the President on so much policy and his agenda, but appreciate the hope and optimism in this speech." After the speech, Clinton appeared on the stage for the first time in the convention, embracing her 2008 primary rival.
|"Pres. Barack Obama", 2016 Democratic National Convention, CNN|
Sarah McBride's speech made her the first openly transgender person to address a major party convention in American history.
Khizr Khan, the father of Captain Humayun Khan, a Muslim-American soldier killed during Operation Iraqi Freedom, criticized Donald Trump's proposed ban on Muslim immigration. The speech was compared to Joseph N. Welch's famous rebuke during the Army–McCarthy hearings.
|Khizr Khan, Father of Veteran, 2016 Democratic National Convention, includes pre-recorded introduction by Hillary Clinton, C-SPAN|
Chelsea Clinton introduced her mother, Hillary Clinton, the Democratic nominee, by sharing her personal story about her relationship with her mother when she was younger. She also praised her for being a great mother, and said that her (Chelsea's) kids are proud of Hillary.
|"Chelsea Clinton", 2016 Democratic National Convention, C-SPAN|
After being introduced by her daughter, Clinton accepted the Democratic presidential nomination on July 28, the final night of the convention. In her speech, Clinton asked voters to trust in her experience, judgment, and compassion based on her long public career. Clinton discussed what her priorities would be as president, saying that creating jobs would be her "primary mission," and that she would also seek to combat climate change, make college more affordable, and institute new gun laws. Clinton contrasted her hopeful vision and specific policy proposals with what she sees as Trump's fearmongering and vague ideas; she quoted Jackie regarding men moved by fear and pride. Eyder Peralta of NPR also noted that Clinton's "grounded" speech contrasted with the "soaring" speeches of President Obama. To supporters of her rival Bernie Sanders, Clinton stated "I want you to know, I've heard you," complimenting their energy and passion.
A Politico poll of "Democratic insiders" found highly positive reactions, though the insiders had slightly better reviews for the speeches of Michelle Obama and Barack Obama. A Gallup poll showed that Clinton's speech was viewed about 24 points more positively than negatively. Also, according to Gallup, 45% were more likely to vote for Clinton versus 41% who were less likely to vote for her based on what they saw/read about the convention. These net positives are higher than Trump's at the Republican National Convention.
|"Secretary of State Hillary Clinton", 2016 Democratic National Convention, C-SPAN|
Sam Wang reported a 7% post-convention bounce for Clinton in general election polling (on the basis of the six polls released by 1 August 2016). According to FiveThirtyEight, Clinton's post-convention bounce was larger than Trump's.
Demonstrations and protests
A total of 103 people have been cited during the entire Democratic National Convention Demonstrations by delegates on the convention floor were organized by the Bernie Delegates Network, led by California delegate Norman Solomon. In response to the email leak, many delegates protested the perceived bias and corruption of the Democratic National Committee on the opening day of the convention. Wasserman Schultz was repeatedly heckled as she addressed the Florida delegation, frequently interrupted by boos, jeers and cries of the word "shame", while some held up signs reading "emails". Sanders was booed by his delegates as he spoke to a crowd of roughly 1,900 and encouraged them to vote for Clinton. Some delegates on the convention floor repeatedly booed when the name of the presumptive nominee was mentioned. Sanders made a personal plea through a text message, asking his delegates to stop protesting. Nevertheless, protesting delegates continued to heckle speakers throughout the convention night, while chants of "No TPP" could be heard across the rally. Fifty-four citations were issued by local authorities during the protest on the first day of the convention.
On the second day of the convention, hundreds of Sanders delegates and supporters walked out of the convention in protest following Clinton's official nomination. They subsequently staged a sit-in at a nearby media tent. There were reports of American flags, pro-Sanders fliers, and one Israeli flag being set on fire by protesters. Demonstrations supporting Sanders and the Black Lives Matter movement marched through Philadelphia, attracting at least 1,000 people by nightfall.
On the third day, several protesters broke through the security fencing around the convention site and clashed with police before the police managed to re-secure the fencing; seven were arrested as a result. A woman was injured while trying to put out a flag that was set on fire. Several protesters were treated due to heat-related issues. Leon Panetta's speech was repeatedly interrupted by chants of "No more war" from Code Pink members within the Oregon delegation; they turned on their cellphone flashlights and continued to protest as the arena lights near them were turned off.
Viewership (10:00 to 11:45 PM Eastern)
On the first night of the convention, 25.74 million watched live coverage of the event from 10 p.m. to 11:30 p.m. on ABC, CBS, NBC, CNN, and MSNBC. The first night of the DNC had more viewers than both the first night of the 2012 DNC and the first night of the 2016 RNC. The first night of the DNC also generated just under 40 million Facebook activities from 10 million people, compared to 28.6 million convention-related Facebook interactions from 8.5 million people on the first night of the RNC. The first three nights of the Democratic National Convention had more television viewers than the first three nights of the Republican National Convention, but the final night of the RNC drew 34.9 million viewers compared to 33.7 million viewers watching the final night of the DNC.
Nielsen viewership data does not include views on PBS, C-SPAN, or livestreams. About 3.9 million viewed Clinton's acceptance speech on PBS, while a YouTube livestream of Clinton's speech peaked at 250,000 simultaneous viewers. On the final day of the convention, CNN received 11 million "video starts" on desktops and mobile devices.
Viewers 25 to 54
Viewers 25 to 54
Viewers 25 to 54
Viewers 25 to 54
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Secretary Hillary Clinton spoke in front of the convention to formally accept the nomination of the Democratic party as the presidential candidate. In her speech, she notices the importance of the history she has made, and also blasts Trump on several issues ranging from economic policies to foreign polcies.".
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- Official website of the Democratic National Convention
- Official website of the Philadelphia 2016 Host Committee
- C-SPAN videos (and transcripts) of all of the speeches
Charlotte, North Carolina
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