Prefecture-level city

View of seaside area in Xilian Island

Lianyungang is highlighted on this map

Location in China

Coordinates: 34°36′N 119°10′E / 34.600°N 119.167°E / 34.600; 119.167Coordinates: 34°36′N 119°10′E / 34.600°N 119.167°E / 34.600; 119.167
Country People's Republic of China
Province Jiangsu
  Type Prefecture-level city
  CPC secretary Yang Xingshi (杨省世)
  Mayor Xiang Xuelong (项雪龙)
  Prefecture-level city 7,444 km2 (2,874 sq mi)
  Urban 880 km2 (340 sq mi)
Population (2015)
  Prefecture-level city 4,474,000
  Urban 2,010,000
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Postal code 222000
(Urban center)
222100-222300, 222500
(Other areas)
Area code(s) 518
GDP ¥216.064 billion (2015)
GDP per capita ¥48,416 (2015)
Major Nationalities Han
County-level divisions 7
License Plate 苏G
City Tree Ginkgo
City Flower Magnolia

"Lianyungang" in Simplified (top) and Traditional (bottom) Chinese
Simplified Chinese 连云港
Traditional Chinese 連雲港
Hanyu Pinyin Liányúngǎng
Literal meaning the port connected to the clouds

Lianyungang (simplified Chinese: 连云港; traditional Chinese: 連雲港; pinyin: Liányúngǎng) is a prefecture-level city in northeastern Jiangsu province, China. It borders Yancheng to its southeast, Huai'an and Suqian to its south, Xuzhou to its southwest, and the province of Shandong to its north. Its name derives from Lian Island (formally Dongxilian Island) the largest island in Jiangsu Province which lies off its coastline, and Yuntai Mountain (Jiangsu), the highest peak in Jiangsu Province, a few miles from its town center, and the fact that it is a port.

Lianyungang (as Yuntai Mountain) was known in the West as Haichow (Wade–Giles romanization). Haichow was voluntarily opened to foreign trade by the Qing imperial government in 1905.



Lianyungang is situated between 118°24' and 119°48' east longitude and 34°11' and 35°07' north latitude. Lianyungang covers an area of 7,777 km2 (3,003 sq mi).


The temperature in Lianyungang can reach average highs of 30 °C in the summer and drop to as low as -4 °C in the winter. The vast majority of precipitation occurs between June and August, where it can measure up to 278mm of rainfall on average. Winter precipitation is quite low, making snowfall both rare and short-lived.[1]


Lianyungang is the eastern end of the Longhai Railway (formerly the Lunghai Railway), connecting it with Lanzhou in central China. It is now the eastern terminus of the New Eurasian Land Bridge and the proposed Northern East West Freight Corridor. The Chinese government counts it among the first 14 Chinese coastal cities opening to the outside world and a rising center of industry, foreign trade, and tourism in east China.

This port is located in the center of the coast, linking eastern sea routes with western land routes. Both Japan and the Republic of Korea in the east can be reached economically and conveniently from Liangyungang, which is also part of the worldwide network of sea transport. As well as this, the New Eurasia Continental Landbridge and the railway networks in Western Europe continue by land, connecting Lianyungang with over 40 countries and regions in Europe, South Asia and the Middle East.

At present, the Chinese government has clearly stated its intention to build an economic belt along the New Eurasia Continental landbridge in "the 9th Five-Year Plan of the National Economy and Social Development and the Long-range Goal for the Year 2010"; and on "China's 21st Century Agenda", Lianyungang is to be developed into an international seaport linking countries on the Pacific rim with those in Central Asia. In the "National Ocean Development Plan" it is listed as one of three special development zones.

Located near the Lianyun-Ports, the Tianwan Nuclear Power Plant is one of the biggest nuclear power plants in China, with two operational units and six additional planned.


Lianyungang Economic & Technological Development Zone (LETDZ) was approved by the State Council as one of the first batch of state-level development zones in December 1984,and it is located in the eastern new seashore urban area of Liangyungang City. Distance to nearest airport, Liangyungang Airport is 10–20 km (6.2–12.4 mi) and distance to nearest highway G310 is 10–20 km (6.2–12.4 mi). Distance to nearest port, Lianyungang port is 20–50 km (12–31 mi).[2]

Lianyungang Export Processing Zone is located in Lianyungang Economic & Technological Development Zone (LETDZ).[3]


Lian Island Resort

One of the most popular tourist attractions in Lianyungang and the only AAAA-Class Beachfront in Jiangsu Province, Lian Island (Chinese: 连岛; pinyin: lián dǎo) is a beautiful island connected to Lianyun District by a 6.7 km (4.2 mi) sea dyke, the longest in China. There are two main beach and swimming areas, several places to eat as well as hotels. Lian Island is also home to an annual music extravaganza featuring some of China's most famous pop stars.

Huaguo Mountain

Lianyungang is famous for its Huaguoshan Shuiliandong (花果山, 水帘洞) attraction. Shuiliandong literally means the "Water Curtain Hole," since, according to legend, the hole was hidden behind a waterfall, therefore resembling a "curtain of water." The hole is famous because according to legend it is the home of Sun Wukong also commonly known as the Monkey King from the epic novel Journey to the West. In this hole, underneath the mountain is where he and his monkey subjects lived. After learning The Way, the Monkey King travelled back to the hole behind the waterfall so that he and his subjects could eat and play for eternity. Eventually, the Jade Emperor sent several heavenly armies to battle him at this very spot because of his misdeeds. While the Monkey King story is a work of fiction, Xuanzang the monk who he accompanies on the journey of the novel, was based on a historical person.


Lianyungang has convenient transport including highway, railway, port and airport. It is one of the 42 major transportation hub cities in China.


Lianyungang Baitabu Airport (连云港白塔埠机场), located 25km west to downtown Lianyungang, provides schedule passenger service to major airports in China, including Beijing, Shanghai, Guangzhou, Shenzhen, Chengdu, Shenyang, Dalian, Hangzhou, Changchun, Kunming, Nanning, Tianjin, Xi'an, Zhoushan, Harbin, Urumqi, Xuzhou, Lanzhou, Haikou, Shijiazhuang , Xiamen (2016.10.01).

Lianyungang Huaguoshan International Airport (连云港花果山国际机场), is planed to be built in Xiaoyi, 20km south to the downtown by 2020. It will replace Baitapu Airport after completion.


The city serves as the designated starting point for the New Eurasian Land Bridge, a rail link from China to western Europe. The current major stations include Lianyungang Station and Lianyungang East Satation.

Also, several highspeed railways which go through Lianyungang are under construction: Qingdao-Lianyungang Highspeed Railway connects Lianyungang and the second largest city in northern China, Qingdao. It is part of China's Coastal High-speed Raiway. The length is 240km and the speed standard is 250km/h. Planned completion year is 2018.

Shanghai-Nantong-Lianyungang Highspeed Railway connects Lianyungang and the largest city in China, Shanghai. It is also part of China's Coastal High-speed Raiway. The length is 240km and the speed standard is 250~350km/h. Planned completion year is 2019.

Lianyungang-Nanjing/Zhenjiang Highspeed Railway connects Lianyungang and the capital of Jiangsu province, Nanjing. It is also part of China's Coastal High-speed Raiway. The length of this railway is 300km and the speed standard is 250km/h. Planned completion year is 2019.

Lianyungang-Xuzhou Highspeed Railway connects Lianyungang and the important transportation hub, Xuzhou. It is part of China's Longhai High-speed Raiway which serves as disparity between the east and the west. The length of this railway is 180km and the speed standard is 350km/h. Planned completion year is 2019.

Heifei-Qingdao Highspeed Railway connects the capital of An'hui province, Hefei, and the the second largest city in northern China, Qingdao. It is also part of China's Hongkong-Harbin High-speed Raiway. The length of this railway is around 600km and the speed standard is 350km/h. Planned completion year is 2020.

Express Way

Lianyungang is the intersection of Shenhai Express Way, Hada Express Way and Tongsan Express way. Among them Shenhai Express way and Tongsan Express Way are the two longest express ways in China.


Lianyungang port is among the 10 largest ports in China and the 30 largest port in the world. The cargo throughput of Lianyungang port is 210 million ton/year(2015), The container throughput is 5 million TEU/year(2015).[4]


The prefecture-level city of Lianyungang administers 6 county-level divisions, including 3 districts and 3 counties.

Map Subdivision Hanzi Pinyin Population (2010) Area (km2) Density
City Proper
Haizhou District 海州区 Hǎizhōu Qū 818,134 697.28 1,173.32
Lianyun District 连云区 Liányún Qū 231,697 404.25 573.15
Ganyu District 赣榆区 Gànyú Qū 949,438 1,427.27 665.21
Donghai County 东海县 Dōnghǎi Xiàn 952,250 2,250.06 423.21
Guanyun County 灌云县 Guànyún Xiàn 817,629 1,775.25 460.57
Guannan County 灌南县 Guànnán Xiàn 624,766 1,027.02 608.32
Total 4,393,914 7,499.91 585.86

See also


External links

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