钦州市 • Ginhcouh Si
Qinzhou government buildings
Location of Qinzhou City jurisdiction in Guangxi
Location in China
|Coordinates: 21°57′N 108°37′E / 21.950°N 108.617°E|
|Country||People's Republic of China|
|• Prefecture-level city||5,250 km2 (2,030 sq mi)|
|Elevation||12 m (39 ft)|
|• Prefecture-level city||3,440,000|
|• Density||660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)|
|Time zone||China Standard (UTC+8)|
|Licence plate prefixes||桂N|
Qinzhou (postal: Yamchow, simplified Chinese: 钦州; traditional Chinese: 欽州; pinyin: Qīnzhōu) is a prefecture-level city in Guangxi, China, lying on the Gulf of Tonkin and having an urban population of 433,000.
The area originally belonged to Guangdong and was transferred to Guangxi in 1965. The city was originally a county Qinxian (postal: Yamhsien). From the beginning of the present era, Qinzhou (Wade-Giles: K'in-chou) was for many centuries "the center of Chinese overland trade with Indo-China".
- Qinnan District (钦南区) - pop. 570,000
- Qinbei District (钦北区) - pop. 650,000
- Lingshan County (灵山县) - pop. 1,400,000
- Pubei County (浦北县) - pop. 810,000
Despite its latitude and location on the Gulf of Tonkin coast, Qinzhou has a monsoon-influenced humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cwa), with short, mild winters, and long, hot and humid summers. Winter begins dry and rather sunny but becomes progressively wetter and cloudier. Spring is generally overcast and often rainy, while summer continues to be rainy though is the sunniest time of year; the coastal location moderates summer daytime temperatures, but there are 10.9 days annually with rainfall totaling at least 50 mm (1.97 in). Autumn is sunny and dry. The monthly 24-hour average temperature ranges from 13.6 °C (56.5 °F) in January to 28.4 °C (83.1 °F) in July, and the annual mean is 22.17 °C (71.9 °F). Annual rainfall is around 2,150 mm (85 in), the majority of which occurs from June to August. With monthly possible sunshine ranging from 17% in February to 55% in September, the city receives an average of 1,721 hours of bright sunshine annually.
|Climate data for Qinzhou (1971–2000)|
|Average high °C (°F)|| 17.6
|Average low °C (°F)|| 10.8
|Average rainfall mm (inches)|| 46.1
|Average rainy days (≥ 0.1 mm)||11.7||13.7||15.1||15.0||16.3||17.6||19.1||19.3||13.5||10.5||6.9||6.9||165.6|
|Average relative humidity (%)||77||81||84||84||84||85||85||85||80||76||72||71||80.3|
|Mean monthly sunshine hours||79.0||55.5||67.3||99.8||169.9||173.7||204.2||186.3||200.3||185.0||162.4||137.7||1,721.1|
|Percent possible sunshine||23||17||18||26||42||43||50||47||55||51||49||41||38.5|
|Source: China Meteorological Administration|
Critically endangered Chinese White Dolphins still live in the waters of these areas such as in Sanniang Bay. They are threatened by various factors such habitat loss.
Grain cultivation, hog husbandry, fruit growing and fishing are of significance in the surrounding areas.
Qinzhou is also one of the centers of turtle farming; according to one estimate, as of ca. 2012, over 10,000 families in the Qinzhou area were involved in that industry, raising 1.25 million turtles at their homes and farms. Around 1,500 tons of turtles are sold by Qinzhou's turtle farmers to the national market every year.
- Liu Yongfu (1837–1917) soldier of fortune, creator of the Black Flag Army
- Han Feng (1956–) Tobacco monopoly apparatchik outed in 2010 as a "Chinese Casanova"
- Chen Xingqian, one of the founders of Qinzhou's turtle farming industry
- Qinzhou currently has a sister city, Kuantan.
- In postal romanization, it is also romanized as Yamchow and Yenchow
- Chau Ju-Kua: His Work on the Chinese and Arab trade in the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, entitled Chu-fen-chĩ, translated from the Chinese and Annotated by Friedrich Hirth and W. W. Rockhill. St. Petersburg. 1911, p. 6.
- Market Profiles on Chinese Cities and Provinces (actualisation 08/2006)
- Li, Yang (2013-11-27), "Turtle power propels Qinzhou", China Daily
- Simon Khoo (14 February 2015). "Kuantan Port expansion to improve economic ties with China". The Star. Retrieved 21 December 2015.