For other uses, see Xinxiang County.
Prefecture-level city

Xinxiang's location in Henan province

Location in China

Coordinates: 35°18′N 113°52′E / 35.300°N 113.867°E / 35.300; 113.867Coordinates: 35°18′N 113°52′E / 35.300°N 113.867°E / 35.300; 113.867
Country People's Republic of China
Province Henan
  Party Chief Shu Qing (舒庆)
  Mayor Wang Xiaoping (王小平)
  Prefecture-level city 8,629 km2 (3,332 sq mi)
  Urban 346 km2 (134 sq mi)
  Metro 231 km2 (89 sq mi)
Population (2010 census)
  Prefecture-level city 5,707,801
  Density 660/km2 (1,700/sq mi)
  Urban 1,047,020
  Urban density 3,000/km2 (7,800/sq mi)
  Metro 902,731
  Metro density 3,900/km2 (10,000/sq mi)
Time zone China Standard (UTC+8)
Area code(s) 0373
GDP ¥63.34 billion (2006)
Major Nationalities Han
County-level divisions 12
License plate prefixes G

Xinxiang (simplified Chinese: 新乡; traditional Chinese: 新鄉; pinyin: Xīnxiāng; postal: Sinsiang) is a prefecture-level city in northern Henan province, China. It borders the provincial capital of Zhengzhou to its southwest, Kaifeng to its southeast, Hebi and Anyang to its north, Jiaozuo to its west, and the provinces of Shanxi and Shandong to its northwest and east respectively.

Its population is 5,707,801 at the 2010 census of whom 902,731 are in the built-up area made of 3 out of 4 urban districts (Weibin, Hongqi and Muye).[1] As the city is expanding very quickly, in a few years, Huixian and Weihui cities as well as Fengquan district and Xinxiang county will be added to the built-up area.


The prefecture-level city administers 4 districts, 2 county-level cities and 6 counties.



Xinxiang was site of the Battle of Muye where the Shang Dynasty was overthrown by the Zhou. Xinxiang dates from the Sui dynasty (581-618) and was a small market center before being developed as an industrial center in the 1950s. It also served as the capital of the short-lived Pingyuan province, which covers neighbouring cities Anyang, Hebi, Puyang, Jiaozhuo and Heze, between 1949 and 1952, for the purpose of exterminating bandits.

Agriculture and industry

Textiles and processed food are major manufactures.It has a large number of heavy industry in machine making.As an old textiles basement the cotton industry is very developed in Xinxiang.


There are several important enterprises located in Xinxiang, such as Frestech Refrigerator, Golden Dragon Copper Group, Bailu Chemical Fibre, Henan Kelong Group,AVIC XINHANG Industry Corporation...etc.

Air pollution

According to a report by Greenpeace in 2015, Henan (the province that Xinxiang is in) has the most severe air pollution in among all the provinces in China with an average PM2.5 concentration of 103.3μg/m3. Ranking second and third respectively are provinces of Hubei and Hebei, with PM2.5 concentrations of 99.2μg/m3 and 98.4μg/m3.[2]

Xixniang is the 13th most polluted city air-wise in China, with a PM2.5 concentration of 114.6μg/m3 (over 11 times the safe limit established by the WHO) during the first quarter of 2015. Other cities in Henan that ranked within the top 30 most polluted cities in China during the first quarter of 2015 include Zhengzhou, Jiaozuo, Anyang, Pingdingshan, Zhoukou, Xuchang, Puyang, and Luoyang; all with PM2.5 concentrations above 100μg/m3.[3]


The city is a rail junction and industrial centre at the head of navigation on the Wei River (Shandong) (卫河). The river, made navigable for small vessels by river improvements in the 1950s, links the city with Tianjin, the main port for Beijing. Later, due to heavy industrial chemical pollution, the river course had been totally cut off and got filled up. After recent dredges, it is still no more than a man-made lake.


Xinxiang is located at the junction of the Beijing-Guangzhou, Xinxiang-Yueshan and the Xinxiang-Yanzhou Railways.

Xinxiang has two railway stations.One is Xinxiang Railway Station,the other is Xinxiangdong Railway Station.


Xinxiang is the headquarters of the 54th Group Army of the People's Liberation Army, one of the three group armies that comprise the Jinan Military Region responsible for defence of the Yellow River Plain.


There are several universities and colleges located in the prefecture level city.

See also


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