Laguna (province)

Lalawigan ng Laguna (Province of Laguna)

Laguna Provincial Capitol




  • The Resort Capital of the Philippines
  • Silicon Valley of The Philippines


Motto: Rise High, Laguna!

Location in the Philippines
Coordinates: 14°10′N 121°20′E / 14.17°N 121.33°E / 14.17; 121.33Coordinates: 14°10′N 121°20′E / 14.17°N 121.33°E / 14.17; 121.33
Country Philippines
Region Calabarzon (Region IV-A)
Founded July 28, 1571[3][4]
Capital Santa Cruz
  Type Sangguniang Panlalawigan
  Governor Ramil L. Hernandez (Nacionalista)
  Vice Governor Katherine Agapay (Nacionalista)
  Total 1,917.85 km2 (740.49 sq mi)
Area rank 63rd out of 81
Population (2015 census)[6]
  Total 3,035,081
  Rank 3rd out of 81
  Density 1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
  Density rank 3rd out of 81
  Independent cities 0
  Component cities
  Barangays 681
  Districts 1st to 5th districts of Laguna
  Ethnic groups
Time zone PHT (UTC+8)
ZIP Code 4000–4033
IDD:area code +63(0)49
ISO 3166 code PH-LAG
Spoken languages

Laguna, officially known as the Province of Laguna (Filipino: Lalawigan ng Laguna ; Spanish: Provincia de La Laguna), is a province in the Philippines located in the Calabarzon region in Luzon. Its capital is Santa Cruz and the province is situated southeast of Metro Manila, south of the province of Rizal, west of Quezon, north of Batangas and east of Cavite. Laguna hugs the southern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. As of the 2015 census, the province's total population is 3,035,081.[6]

Laguna is notable as the birthplace of Jose Rizal, the country's national hero. It is also famous for attractions like Pagsanjan Falls, the University of the Philippines Los Baños campus, the hot spring resorts of Los Baños and Calamba on the slopes of Mount Makiling, Pila historic town plaza, Taytay Falls in Majayjay, the wood carvings and papier-mâché created by the people of Paeté, the annual Sampaguita Festival in San Pedro, the turumba of Pakil, the tsinelas footwears from Liliw, the Pandan Festival of Luisiana, the Seven Lakes of San Pablo (the first city in the province), and the Nagcarlan Underground Cemetery in Nagcarlan

Province of Laguna is the second ISO 9001:2008 certified province in the Philippines.[7]


The Province of Laguna, which was formerly called La Laguna and La Provincia de la Laguna de Bay, was named after Laguna de Bay, the body of water that forms its northern boundary.[8] Laguna de Bay, in turn, was named after the town of Bay (Laguna de Bay is Spanish which means "Lake of Bay"), the first provincial capital. Captain Juan de Salcedo with a band of one hundred Spanish-Mexican soldiers conquered the province and its surrounding regions for Spain in 1571. Seven years later, two Franciscan friars started the work of Christianization.

Laguna map showing Laguna de Bay and the town of Bay

In 1577, the Franciscan missionaries arrived in Manila, and in 1578 they started evangelizing Laguna, Morong (now Rizal), Tayabas (now Quezon) and the Bicol Peninsula. Juan de Plasencia and Diego de Oropesa were the earliest Franciscans sent to these places. From 1580, the towns of Bay, Caliraya, Majayjay, Nagcarlan, Liliw, Pila, Santa Cruz, Lumban, Pangil and Siniloan were founded. In 1678, Fray Hernando Cabrera founded San Pablo de los Montes (now San Pablo City) and built a wooden church and convent considered as the best and finest in the province.[9]

In 1670, delimitation of borders were made between Lucban, Majayjay and Cavite. The populous town at that time was Bay, the capital of the province until 1688, when the seat of the provincial government was moved to Pagsanján, and later in 1858, to Santa Cruz. In 1754, the Province of Laguna and Tayabas were divided, with the Malinao River separating the towns of Majayjay and Lucban.[9]

The province became a bloody battle ground for the Chinese during the two instances that they rose in revolt against Spain.[8] In 1603, the Chinese made their last stand in the mountains of San Pablo, and in 1639, they fortified themselves in the highlands of Cavinti and Lumban, surrendering in Pagsanjan a year later.

The natives of Laguna proved loyal to the Spanish crown during the British invasion (1762–1764) when thousands rallied to its defense. When a detachment of British troops under Captain Thomas Backhouse entered the province in search of the silver cargo of the galleon Filipino, Francisco de San Juan of Pagsanján led a band of volunteers that fought them in several engagements in and around the town which was then the provincial capital (1688–1858). Backhouse plundered the town and burned its newly reconstructed church but San Juan succeeded in escaping with the precious hoard to Pampanga where the treasure greatly bolstered the defense effort of Simón de Anda, leader of the resistance movement. For his heroism, San Juan was made a brigade commander and alcalde mayor of Tayabas (now Quezon) province.[9]

The people's loyalty gradually degenerated into bitter hostility. Grave abuses by the colonizers, especially those of the clergy, caused the resentment of the natives to be fanned into a rising flood of insurrection. In 1840 for instance, religious intolerance led the people of Majayjay, Nagcarlan, Bay, and Biñan to join the revolt of Hermano Pule (Apolinario de la Cruz) of Lucban, Tayabas.[9]

Laguna was also exposed to the aspirations of its most famous son, Dr. José Rizal, who was born in Calamba. The persecution of the Rizal family, along with their fellow landowners toward the end of the century further aggravated the situation. In 1896, thousands of inhabitants, especially of Bay, Los Baños, Nagcarlan, Magdalena, Santa Cruz, and Pagsanjan had joined the revolutionary Katipunan.[9]

Laguna was one of the eight provinces to rise in revolt against the Spanish misrule led by Generals Paciano Rizal of Calamba, Severino Taino of Pagsanjan, Agueda Kahabagan of Calauan, and Miguel Malvar of Batangas.[8] The ill-equipped revolutionaries fought the well-armed enemy until on August 31, 1898, when the last Spanish garrison surrendered to the victorious patriots in Santa Cruz. The province was cleared of Spaniards. There had been only one respite, the Pact of Biak-na-Bato on December 14 to 15, 1897.[9]

Laguna actively supported the First Philippine Republic proclaimed at Malolos on January 23, 1899. Its two delegates to the Malolos Congress were Don Higino Benítez and Don Graciano Cordero, both natives of Pagsanján.[9]

Upon the outbreak of the Filipino-American War (1899–1901), Generals Juan Cailles and Paciano Rizal led the defense of Laguna until June 30, 1901, when surrender became inevitable. Cailles became the first Filipino Governor of Laguna under the American flag.

Laguna was also the birthplace of a famous revolutionary hero Teodoro Asedillo during the American colonization period. He was considered as bandit during those times by the Americans but hailed as hero by the local town folks of Laguna. He fought for labor and civil rights of the Filipino people.

The Province of Laguna progressed rapidly in peace. Roads were built, schools were established, and in 1917, the Manila Railroad Company extended its line to Laguna as far as Pagsanjan.

During the Japanese occupation of the Philippines (1942–1945), Laguna was a center of Filipino resistance despite the presence of Makapili collaborators.[9]

The establishment of the military general headquarters and military camp bases of the Philippine Commonwealth Army and the Philippine Constabulary is a military unit organization was founded on January 3, 1942 to June 30, 1946 in the province of Laguna, and aided of the local military regular units of the Philippine Commonwealth Army 4th and 42nd Infantry Division and the Philippine Constabulary 4th Infantry Regiment. Started the engagements of the Anti-Japanese Military Operations in Southern Luzon, Mindoro and Palawan from 1942 to 1945 against the Japanese Imperial forces.

Beginning in 1945, attacks by the Filipino soldiers of the 4th, 41st, 42nd, 43rd, 45th, 46th and 47th Infantry Division of the Philippine Commonwealth Army, 4th Infantry Regiment of the Philippine Constabulary and the recognized guerrillas against Japanese forces in Laguna increased in anticipation of the Liberation of the Philippines by joint Filipino & American forces.


Laguna covers a total area of 1,917.85 square kilometres (740.49 sq mi)[10] occupying the northcentral section of the CALABARZON region in Luzon. The province is situated southeast of Metro Manila, south of Rizal, west of Quezon, north of Batangas and east of Cavite.

Laguna lies on the southern shores of Laguna de Bay, the largest lake in the country. On the southern border of the province are Mount Makiling and Mount Banahaw, both are long dormant volcanoes, but still sources of geothermal energy. Mount Makiling is popular for the numerous hot spring resorts that are found on its slopes. Pagsanjan Falls, is a popular waterfall that tumbles down a deep gorge in the hills.

The eastern portion of Laguna straddles the southernmost portions of the Sierra Madre mountain range.


The province is relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year for a small portion near the southern boundary. The other parts, west of Santa Cruz municipality, experience a dry season from November to April and rainy season during the rest of the year. The eastern and southern most portions do not have distinct season, with rainfall more evenly distributed throughout the year.

Administrative divisions

Laguna comprises 24 municipalities and 6 cities.

  •    Capital municipality
  •    Component city
  •      Municipality

City or municipality District[10] Population ±% p.a. Area[10] Density Brgy. Coordinates[A]
(2015)[6] (2010)[11] km2 sq mi /km2 /sq mi
Alaminos 3rd 1.6% 47,859 43,526 1.82% 57.46 22.19 830 2,100 15 14°03′41″N 121°14′52″E / 14.0613°N 121.2478°E / 14.0613; 121.2478 (Alaminos)
Bay 2nd 2.0% 62,143 55,698 2.11% 42.66 16.47 1,500 3,900 15 14°10′48″N 121°16′48″E / 14.1800°N 121.2799°E / 14.1800; 121.2799 (Bay)
Biñan Lone[1] 11.0% 333,028 283,396 3.12% 43.50 16.80 7,700 20,000 24 14°20′14″N 121°04′58″E / 14.3373°N 121.0827°E / 14.3373; 121.0827 (Biñan)
Cabuyao 2nd 10.2% 308,745 248,436 4.22% 43.30 16.72 7,100 18,000 18 14°16′37″N 121°07′24″E / 14.2770°N 121.1232°E / 14.2770; 121.1232 (Cabuyao)
Calamba 2nd 15.0% 454,486 389,377 2.99% 149.50 57.72 3,000 7,800 54 14°12′38″N 121°09′50″E / 14.2106°N 121.1638°E / 14.2106; 121.1638 (Calamba)
Calauan 3rd 2.7% 80,453 74,890 1.37% 65.40 25.25 1,200 3,100 17 14°08′55″N 121°18′57″E / 14.1486°N 121.3158°E / 14.1486; 121.3158 (Calauan)
Cavinti 4th 0.7% 21,702 20,809 0.80% 203.58 78.60 110 280 19 14°14′43″N 121°30′28″E / 14.2454°N 121.5078°E / 14.2454; 121.5078 (Cavinti)
Famy 4th 0.5% 16,587 15,021 1.91% 53.06 20.49 310 800 20 14°26′24″N 121°26′50″E / 14.4399°N 121.4471°E / 14.4399; 121.4471 (Famy)
Kalayaan 4th 0.8% 23,269 20,944 2.02% 46.60 17.99 500 1,300 3 14°19′34″N 121°28′41″E / 14.3261°N 121.4781°E / 14.3261; 121.4781 (Kalayaan)
Liliw 3rd 1.2% 36,582 33,851 1.49% 39.10 15.10 940 2,400 33 14°07′51″N 121°26′11″E / 14.1307°N 121.4365°E / 14.1307; 121.4365 (Liliw)
Los Baños[2] 2nd 3.7% 112,008 101,884 1.82% 54.22 20.93 2,100 5,400 14 14°10′39″N 121°13′17″E / 14.1775°N 121.2214°E / 14.1775; 121.2214 (Los Baños)
Luisiana 4th 0.6% 19,720 20,148 −0.41% 73.31 28.31 270 700 23 14°11′06″N 121°30′34″E / 14.1850°N 121.5094°E / 14.1850; 121.5094 (Luisiana)
Lumban 4th 1.0% 30,652 29,470 0.75% 40.53 15.65 760 2,000 16 14°17′51″N 121°27′32″E / 14.2976°N 121.4589°E / 14.2976; 121.4589 (Lumban)
Mabitac 4th 0.7% 20,530 18,618 1.88% 80.76 31.18 250 650 15 14°25′38″N 121°25′35″E / 14.4272°N 121.4265°E / 14.4272; 121.4265 (Mabitac)
Magdalena 4th 0.8% 25,266 22,976 1.83% 34.88 13.47 720 1,900 24 14°11′59″N 121°25′45″E / 14.1996°N 121.4292°E / 14.1996; 121.4292 (Magdalena)
Majayjay 4th 0.9% 27,792 26,547 0.88% 69.58 26.86 400 1,000 40 14°08′44″N 121°28′21″E / 14.1455°N 121.4725°E / 14.1455; 121.4725 (Majayjay)
Nagcarlan 3rd 2.1% 63,057 59,726 1.04% 78.10 30.15 810 2,100 52 14°08′11″N 121°24′46″E / 14.1365°N 121.4127°E / 14.1365; 121.4127 (Nagcarlan)
Paete 4th 0.8% 25,096 23,523 1.24% 55.02 21.24 460 1,200 9 14°21′51″N 121°28′53″E / 14.3641°N 121.4815°E / 14.3641; 121.4815 (Paete)
Pagsanjan 4th 1.4% 42,164 39,313 1.34% 26.36 10.18 1,600 4,100 16 14°16′22″N 121°27′14″E / 14.2727°N 121.4540°E / 14.2727; 121.4540 (Pagsanjan)
Pakil 4th 0.7% 20,659 20,822 −0.15% 46.50 17.95 440 1,100 13 14°22′51″N 121°28′43″E / 14.3807°N 121.4786°E / 14.3807; 121.4786 (Pakil)
Pangil 4th 0.8% 24,274 23,201 0.86% 45.03 17.39 540 1,400 8 14°24′10″N 121°28′04″E / 14.4029°N 121.4677°E / 14.4029; 121.4677 (Pangil)
Pila 4th 1.7% 50,289 46,534 1.49% 31.20 12.05 1,600 4,100 17 14°14′15″N 121°21′42″E / 14.2374°N 121.3618°E / 14.2374; 121.3618 (Pila)
Rizal 3rd 0.6% 17,253 15,518 2.04% 27.90 10.77 620 1,600 11 14°06′50″N 121°23′36″E / 14.1140°N 121.3933°E / 14.1140; 121.3933 (Rizal)
San Pablo 3rd 8.8% 266,068 248,890 1.28% 197.56 76.28 1,300 3,400 80 14°04′12″N 121°19′32″E / 14.0700°N 121.3255°E / 14.0700; 121.3255 (San Pablo)
San Pedro 1st 10.7% 325,809 294,310 1.95% 24.05 9.29 14,000 36,000 27 14°21′43″N 121°03′27″E / 14.3620°N 121.0574°E / 14.3620; 121.0574 (San Pedro)
Santa Cruz 4th 3.9% 117,605 110,943 1.12% 38.59 14.90 3,000 7,800 26 14°17′07″N 121°24′48″E / 14.2854°N 121.4134°E / 14.2854; 121.4134 (Santa Cruz)
Santa Maria 4th 1.0% 30,830 26,839 2.67% 108.40 41.85 280 730 25 14°28′20″N 121°25′24″E / 14.4721°N 121.4234°E / 14.4721; 121.4234 (Santa Maria)
Santa Rosa 1st 11.7% 353,767 284,670 4.22% 54.84 21.17 6,500 17,000 18 14°18′57″N 121°06′44″E / 14.3157°N 121.1122°E / 14.3157; 121.1122 (Santa Rosa)
Siniloan 4th 1.3% 38,067 35,363 1.41% 64.51 24.91 590 1,500 20 14°25′17″N 121°26′40″E / 14.4215°N 121.4444°E / 14.4215; 121.4444 (Siniloan)
Victoria 3rd 1.3% 39,321 34,604 2.46% 22.35 8.63 1,800 4,700 9 14°13′54″N 121°19′40″E / 14.2316°N 121.3278°E / 14.2316; 121.3278 (Victoria)
Total 3,035,081 2,669,847 2.47% 1,917.85 740.49 1,600 4,100 681 (see GeoGroup box)
  1. ^ Coordinates mark the town center, and are sortable by latitude.


Districts of Laguna

As of 2015, Laguna is composed of 5 districts.

1st District (Red) 2nd District (Blue) 3rd District (Green) 4th District (Orange)
San Pedro City Calamba City
Santa Rosa City Cabuyao City
Los Baños


Population census of Laguna
YearPop.±% p.a.
1903 148,606    
1918 195,546+1.85%
1939 279,505+1.72%
1948 321,247+1.56%
1960 472,064+3.26%
1970 699,736+4.01%
1975 803,750+2.82%
YearPop.±% p.a.
1980 973,104+3.90%
1990 1,370,232+3.48%
1995 1,631,082+3.32%
2000 1,965,872+4.08%
2007 2,473,530+3.22%
2010 2,669,847+2.82%
2015 3,035,081+2.47%
Sources: National Statistics Office[6][11][15]

The population of Laguna in the 2015 census was 3,035,081 people,[6] with a density of 1,600 inhabitants per square kilometre or 4,100 inhabitants per square mile.


Most of Laguna people are Roman Catholic followed by a large majority of the population at 70% (San Pablo (Diocese) [Catholic-Hierarchy], 2010). Several Christian groups are also present such as Aglipayan Church with 20% of the population and the rest are Members Church of God International, Baptists, Jesus Is Lord Church, Iglesia Ni Cristo, Methodists, Church of Christ of Latter-Day Saints, Jehovah's Witnesses, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventist and other Mainline Protestants. Non Christians are usually Muslims.


Present-day Laguna shows a thriving economy. With a population of 3,035,081 (2015 census),[6] and a total area of 1,760 km2 (680 sq mi) of land, Laguna produces millions of pesos worth of coconuts, rice, sugar, citrus fruits, lanzones and other products. Tourists flock to its beauty spots, especially Pagsanjan Falls, Calamba and Los Baños hot springs, Mount Makiling, Caliraya Lake and many others. Levels of development vary. The towns near Metro Manila have become industrialized whereas the inner towns continue to engage in agricultural production or pursue agri-based industries and cottage and small-scale industries.[9]

Natural resources

Laguna is located in the foothills of three mountains namely, Mount Makiling, Mount Banahaw, and the Sierra Madre Range.

There are about forty rivers in Laguna with a total area of almost 0.5 square kilometres (0.19 sq mi). The Laguna de Bay has an approximate area of 3,800 square kilometres (1,500 sq mi) broken down into 2,900 square kilometres (1,100 sq mi) of land and 900 square kilometres (350 sq mi) of lake proper with 220 kilometres (140 mi) shoreline.

Laguna has an estimated 300 million US gallons (1,100,000 m³) of underground water. At least seven principal water basins in the province with a total of 5,773 square kilometres (2,229 sq mi) drainage area and 1,316 square kilometres (508 sq mi) level area provide an estimated 9.238 square kilometres (3.567 sq mi) total run-off annually.[2]

Agricultural activities

Laguna has 60,624 hectares (149,810 acres) of alienable and disposable agricultural land. About 41,253 hectares (101,940 acres) or 23.44% of Laguna’s total land area is forest land.

Laguna de Bay, with a surface area of 900 kilometres (560 mi), is the province's main fishing ground producing 410,000 mt(?) of fish. Carp and tilapia fingerlings are also being grown in inland ponds and freshwater fish pens. The research institutions located in Los Baños are: International Rice Research Institute (IRRI), ASEAN Center for Biodiversity (ACB) and the Southeast Asian Regional center for Graduate Study and Research in Agriculture (SEARCA), among others.[2]


Laguna is labeled as the Detroit of the Philippines because of the presence of major vehicle manufacturers in the city of Santa Rosa. It is also considered as the Silicon Valley of the Philippines because of the vast number of electronic and semi-conductor companies operating in the province. Laguna is also the Resort Capital of the Philippines for it houses more than 700 hot spring resorts in the areas of Calamba and Los Baños.[1][2]

Road network

The South Luzon Expressway (SLEx) passes through Laguna. A public-private partnership initiative of the national government include plans to build a circumferential road along Laguna de Bay shoreline, the Laguna de Bay Flood Control Dike Expressway (or C-6 Extension),[16] from San Pedro to Siniloan. Some of the proposed road networks is the Calamba-Los Baños Expressway[2][17] and the Cavite–Laguna Expressway that will connect the provinces of Cavite and Laguna.


Three power generating plants are operating in the province.[2]

Meralco, the main electricity distributor of Metro Manila, has also the franchise for most of Laguna.[2]


Elected Officials:

Board Members:

  • 1st District:
    • Dave Almarinez (NP)
    • Jose Magtanggol Carait (UNA)
    • Carlo M. Almoro (LP)
  • 2nd District:
    • Ruth Mariano-Hernandez (NP)
    • Pursino Oruga (NP)
    • Leanne Aldabe (LP)
  • 3rd District:
    • Dante Amante (UNA)
    • Abi Yu (UNA)
  • 4th District:
    • Joseph Kris Benjamin Aragao III (LP)
    • Rai-ann Agustine San Luis (Ind.)

House of Representatives

On May 21, 2014, the COMELEC En Banc unseats E.R. Ejercito in a unanimous decision for overspending of campaign funds for his running for the 2013 Laguna gubernatorial elections, Vice Governor Ramil Hernandez will take over the position of Ejercito.[18] And on May 27, 2014, Vice Governor Ramil Hernandez took oath and became the acting governor of the province, making Ejercito the first local official in the Philippines to be formally ousted in office due to overspending.



City/Municipality Name of Landmark Roads from Manila Description
Calamba Rizal Shrine South Luzón Tollway - Calamba Exit via National Road to J.P. Rizal Avenue The Rizal Shrine is located in Calamba and features the home of José Rizal.
Biñan Alberto House South Luzón Tollway - Batangas City Exits, via National Road Ancestral House of Teodora Alonzo's (Jose Rizal's mother) clan.
Pagsanjan Pagsanjan Municipal Hall Calamba Exit via National Road Served as the first site of public High School in Laguna
Los Baños Homma-Yamashita Shrine South Luzón Tollway - Calamba Exit via National Road to Los Baños
Cavinti Japanese Garden South Luzón Tollway - Calambâ Exit via National Road to Famy-Panty Road
Nagcarlán Nagcarlan Underground Cemetery South Luzón Tollway - Calamba Exit via National Road to San Pablo-Nagcarlan Road
Pagsanjan Pagsanjan Arch/ Puerta Real of Pagsanjan Calamba Exit via National Road
Mabitac The Battle of Mabitac Mural, Mabitac Ortigas Avenue heading to Manila East Road (Rizal)
Pila Pila Town Plaza and Ancestral Homes South Luzón Tollway- Calamba Exit via National Road to Pila
Pinagbayanan Crematorium South Luzón Tollway- Calamba Exit via National Road to Pila The Philippines' oldest crematorium.
Los Baños Baker Hall, UP Los Baños South Luzón Tollway - Calamba Exit via National Road to Los Baños
Santa Cruz Emilio Jacinto Shrine Burial Site, Villa Valenzuela and Santa Cruz Town Plaza South Luzón Tollway- Calamba Exit via National Road to Santa Cruz

Underground Cemetery
Underground Cemetery


City/Municipality Name of Landmark Roads from Manila Description
Cavinti Pagsanjan Falls SLEX - Calamba Exit via National Road The Magdapio Falls used to be called the Magdapio Falls but have become popularly known as the Pagsanjan Falls because the trip starts in Pagsanjan.
Calamba and Los Baños Mount Makiling Hot Springs
Los Baños Crocodile Lake
Luisiana Hulugan Falls
Nagcarlán Eight mountains It includes Mt. Atimla, Mt. Mabilog, Mt. Nagcarlán, Mt. Malauban, Mt. Lansay, Mt. Bayaquitos, Mt. Cristóbal and Mt. Banaháw.
San Pablo Seven Lakes of San Pablo It includes like Sampaloc Lake, Lake Bunot, Lake Calibato, Lake Pandin, Lake Yambo, Lake Palakpakin, and Lake Muhikap.
Botocan, Majayjay Dalitiwan River, Taytay Falls
Famy Natural Drinking Water, Mayatba & Spill Way Resort Natural Drinking Water in the middle of the town proper, near Famy Municipal Hall
Siniloan Buruwisan Falls
Cavinti Cavinti Underground River and Caves Complex A newly discovered tourist attractions that according to native Cavintinians is composed of more than a hundred Caves.


City/Municipality Name Road from Manila Remarks
Santa Rosa Enchanted Kingdom SLEX - Calamba Exit via National Road
Santa Rosa, Cabuyao, Calamba Nuvali Evoliving
Los Baños Boy Scouts of the Philippines Camp, University of the Philippines, Los Baños
Calamba Private and Public Resorts Calamba has 661 resorts making the city as the "Resort Capital of the Philippines".
Calamba The Plaza Calamba and Rizal Monument A park along the Calamba City Hall Complex
Calamba St. John the Baptist Church One of the oldest churches in Laguna. Jose Rizal has been baptized in this church by Fr. Pedro Casañas.
Los Baños Immaculate Conception Parish Church A centuries-old church at the town proper (Poblacion/Bayan)
Pila Pila Municipal Museum
Cabuyao St. Polycarp Church
Cavinti Transfiguration of Our Lord Parish Church The oldest Transfiguration of Our Lord Church in the Philippines, established in March 1606
Mamatid, Cabuyao Diocesan Shrine of San Vicente Ferrer SLEX - Cabuyao Exit via Mamatid Road
Majayjay St. Gregory the Great Parish Church Declared as a National Culture Treasure
Paeté St. James the Apostle Parish Church Declared as a National Historical Landmark
Pakil San Pedro de Alcantara Church Also known as the Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Turumba
San Pedro Salvador Laurel Museum, Laurel Hills SLEX - Via Magsaysay Road
San Pedro San Pedro Apostol Parish Church SLEX - Via Magsaysay Road- Mabini St.
Landayan, San Pedro Diocesan Shrine of Santo Sepulchre National Road
Calamba Nuvali Republic Wakepark SLEX - Canlubang Exit via National Road Newest and Most Innovative Wakepark in the World. Located at Nuvali, Canlubang, Calamba City.
Mabitac Our Lady of Candelaria Church National Road Known as church above the hill
Pagsanjan Diocesan Shrine of Our Lady of Guadalupe
Biñán Splash Island, San Isidro Labrador Church, Biñan City Plaza
San Pablo Saint Paul the First Hermit Cathedral
Santa Cruz Immaculate Concepcion Parish Church
Liliw St. John the Baptist Parish Church



University of the Philippines Los Baños
The College of Development Communication building inside the University of the Philippines campus in Los Baños, Laguna
Pamantasan ng Cabuyao
Pamantasan ng Cabuyao Main Building in Cabuyao City


MCL Rizal Hall at Malayan Colleges Laguna

Arts and culture

Laguna is a major contributor to the development of arts in the Philippines. Paintings and sculptures from Paete, which is the Woodcarving Capital of the Philippines, won national and international awards. Famous artists include Manuel Baldemor, Fred Baldemor, Felix "Kid" Baldemor and Dominic Rubio.

Church Paintings in Paete
Church Mural
Church Mural
Church Mural

Notable people

See also


  1. 1 2 "Laguna, pangunahing lugar na puntahan, tirahan, at pangalakalan". Philippine Information Agency.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 "Province Profile". Provincial Government of Laguna.
  3. "28 JULY 1571: The Foundation date of the Province of Laguna".
  4. Young historian finds Laguna birth date|Inquirer News
  5. "List of Provinces". PSGC Interactive. Makati City, Philippines: National Statistical Coordination Board. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
  6. 1 2 3 4 5 6 Census of Population (2015): Highlights of the Philippine Population 2015 Census of Population (Report). PSA. Retrieved 20 June 2016.
  7. PGL now ISO 9001:2008 certified
  8. 1 2 3 "History of Laguna". Retrieved 23 June 2016.
  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 History - Laguna, Philippines
  10. 1 2 3 "Province: Laguna (province)". PSGC Interactive. Quezon City, Philippines: Philippine Statistics Authority. Retrieved 8 January 2016.
  11. 1 2 Census of Population and Housing (2010): Population and Annual Growth Rates for The Philippines and Its Regions, Provinces, and Highly Urbanized Cities (PDF) (Report). NSO. Retrieved 29 June 2016.
  12. Congress of the Philippines (March 27, 2015). "Republic Act No. 10658". Retrieved June 13, 2016.
  13. COMELEC (August 18, 2015). "Resolution No. 9982 - Annex B" (PDF). Retrieved June 13, 2016.
  14. "Los Baños". Laguna Travel Guide. 2000-09-17. Retrieved 2012-10-29.
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  16. "Private-Public Partnership - Laguna de Bay Flood Control Dike Expressway (C-6 Extension)"
  17. "Private-Public Partnership - Calamba-Los Baños Expressway"
  18. Comelec unseats ER Ejercito for overspending
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