Emperor En'yū

Emperor of Japan
Reign 969–984
Coronation 969
Predecessor Reizei
Successor Kazan
Born (959-04-12)April 12, 959
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
Died March 1, 991(991-03-01) (aged 31)
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
Burial Nochi no Mukarami no misasagi (Kyōto)
Spouse Fujiwara no Kōshi
Fujiwara no Junshi
Father Murakami
Mother Fujiwara no Anshi

Emperor En'yū (円融天皇 En'yū-tennō, 12 April 959 – 1 March 991) was the 64th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2]

En'yū's reign spanned the years from 969 through 984.[3]

Traditional narrative

Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (imina) was Morihira-shinnō.[4]

Morihira-shinnō was the fifth son of Emperor Murakami by the empress consort Anshi, the daughter of Fujiwara no Morosuke, therefore the brother of Emperor Reizei.

In 967, Morihira-shinnō was appointed as the crown prince, bypassing his elder brother by the same mother, since his brother had no support from the Fujiwara clan.

En'yū had five Empresses or Imperial consorts and one Imperial son.[5]

Events of En'yū's life

In his reign there were a severe struggle between the Fujiwara clan over who would be appointed kampaku. Emperor En'yū followed his mother's advice and favored Fujiwara no Kanemichi, his maternal uncle. He had only one son, later the emperor Emperor Ichijō by Senshi, a daughter of his uncle Fujiwara no Kaneie,[8] who was another brother of his mother. He made the daughter of Kanemichi the empress consort, though she bore no children. Senshi and her father Kaneie were angry at this elevation of their rival and were absent from the court for a long time, staying at the mansion of Kaneie with the child.

Imperial processions to the Hachiman and Hirano Shrines were first made during the reign of Emperor En'yū.[5]

The actual site of En'yū's grave is known.[1] This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Kyoto.

The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as En'yū's mausoleum. It is formally named Nochi no Mukarami no misasagi.[9]


Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During En'yū's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of En'yū's reign

The years of En'yū's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[11]

Consorts and Children

Empress: Fujiwara no Kōshi (藤原媓子) (947–979), daughter of Fujiwara no Kanemichi (藤原兼通)

Empress: Fujiwara no Junshi/Nobuko (藤原遵子) (957–1017), daughter of Fujiwara no Yoritada (藤原頼忠)

Nyōgo: Imperial Princess Sonshi (尊子内親王) (966–985), daughter of Emperor Reizei

Nyōgo(Kōtaigō): Fujiwara no Senshi (藤原詮子) (962–1002), daughter of Fujiwara no Kaneie (藤原兼家); later, Nyoin (女院) 'Higashi-sanjō In' (東三条院)


Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. 1 2 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 円融天皇 (64)
  2. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 71.
  3. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 144–148; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, p. 299-300; Varely, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 191–192.
  4. Titsingh, p. 144; Varely, p. 191; Brown, p. 264; prior to Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
  5. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Brown, p. 300.
  6. Titsingh, p. 143; Brown, p. 299; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  7. Titsingh, p. 144; Varley, p. 44.
  8. Titisingh, p. 146.
  9. Ponsonby-Fane, p. 420.
  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Brown, p. 299.
  11. Titsingh, p. 144.


See also

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Reizei
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Emperor Kazan
This article is issued from Wikipedia - version of the 10/1/2016. The text is available under the Creative Commons Attribution/Share Alike but additional terms may apply for the media files.