Emperor Go-Fukakusa

Emperor of Japan
Reign 1246–1260
Predecessor Go-Saga
Successor Kameyama
Born (1243-06-28)June 28, 1243
Died August 17, 1304(1304-08-17) (aged 61)
Burial Fukakusa no kita no Misasagi (Kyoto)
Spouse Fujiwara no Kimiko

Emperor Go-Fukakusa (後深草天皇 Go-Fukakusa-tennō) (June 28, 1243 – August 17, 1304) was the 89th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. This reign spanned the years 1246 through 1260.[1]

This 13th-century sovereign was named after the 9th-century Emperor Nimmyō[2] and go- (後), translates literally as "later;" and thus, he could be called the "Later Emperor Fukakusa". The Japanese word go has also been translated to mean the "second one;" and in some older sources, this emperor may be identified as "Fukakusa, the second," or as "Fukakusa II."


Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (his imina) was Hisahito (久仁).[3]

Although the Roman-alphabet spelling of the name of this 13th-century emperor is the same as that of the personal name of a current member of the Imperial family, the kanji are different:

He was the second son of Emperor Go-Saga.


Events of Go-Fukakusa's life

Hisahito-shinnō (久仁親王) formally became Go-Fukakusa-tennō (後深草天皇) at the age of 2; and Go-Saga began to exercise power as cloistered Emperor.

In 1259, at the insistence of Retired Emperor Go-Saga, he abdicated at the age of 15 to his younger brother, who would become Emperor Kameyama.

After Emperor Go-Uda's ascension in 1260, Saionji Sanekane negotiated with the Bakufu, and succeeded in getting Emperor Go-Fukakusa's son Hirohito named as Crown Prince. In 1287, with his ascension as Emperor Fushimi, Go-Fukakusa's cloistered rule began.

In 1290, he entered the priesthood, retiring from the position of cloistered Emperor. But, with his seventh son, Imperial Prince Hisaaki becoming the 8th Kamakura shōgun among other things, the position of his Jimyōin-tō became strengthened.

In 1304, he died. He is enshrined with other emperors at the imperial tomb called Fukakusa no kita no misasagi (深草北陵) in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto.


Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Fukakusa's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Go-Fukakusa's reign

The years of Go-Fukakusa's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[5]

See also


Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, p. 248-255; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. p. 231-232.
  2. Varley, p. 237; n.b., Fukakusa was an alternate name for Emperor Nimmyō.
  3. Titsingh, p. 248; Varley, p. 231.
  4. Titsingh, pp. 247–248; Varley, p. 44; n.b., a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  5. Titsingh, p. 248.


Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Go-Saga
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Emperor Kameyama
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