Emperor Daigo

Emperor of Japan

Emperor Daigo
Reign 897–930
Coronation 897
Predecessor Uda
Successor Suzaku
Born (885-02-06)February 6, 885
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
Died October 23, 930(930-10-23) (aged 45)
Heian Kyō (Kyōto)
Burial Nochi no Yamashina no misasagi (Kyoto)
Spouse Fujiwara no Onshi
Father Uda
Mother Fujiwara no Inshi

Emperor Daigo (醍醐天皇 Daigo-tennō, February 6, 885 – October 23, 930) was the 60th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2]

Daigo's reign spanned the years from 897 through 930.[3] He is named after his place of burial.

Traditional narrative


Before his ascension of the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (imina) was Atsuhito (敦仁親王)[4] or Ono-tei.[5]

Atsuhito-shinnō was the eldest son of his predecessor, Emperor Uda. His mother was Fujiwara no Taneko, daughter of the minister of the center, Fujiwara no Takafuji.[6] He succeeded the throne after his father, the Emperor Uda, abdicated in 897.

Daigo had 21 empresses, imperial consorts, and concubines; he had 36 imperial sons and daughters.[7]

Events of Daigo's life

The era name was changed in 898 to mark the beginning of Emperor Daigo's reign.[6] The highlight of Daigo's 34-year reign was that he ruled by himself without the regency of the Fujiwara clan, though he himself was part Fujiwara.

Daigo also ordered construction of several halls in the Daigo-ji, such as the Yakushi hall.

The actual site of Daigo's grave is known.[1] This emperor is traditionally venerated at a memorial Shinto shrine (misasagi) at Kyoto.

The Imperial Household Agency designates this location as Daigo's mausoleum. It is formally named Nochi no Yamashina no misasagi[18] in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto.


Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras.[19]

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Daigo's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Daigo's reign

The years of Diago's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[21]

Consorts and children

Empress: Fujiwara no Onshi (藤原穏子) (885–954), daughter of Kampaku Fujiwara no Mototsune (藤原基経)

Nyōgo: Imperial Princess Ishi (為子内親王) (?–899), daughter of Emperor Kōkō

Nyōgo: Minamoto no Washi (源和子) (?–947), daughter of Emperor Kōkō

Nyōgo: Fujiwara no Nōshi (藤原能子) (?–964), daughter of Udaijin Fujiwara no Sadakata (藤原定方); later, married to Fujiwara no Saneyori (藤原実頼)

Nyōgo: Court Lady Fujiwara no Wakako (藤原和香子) (?–935), daughter of Dainagon Fujiwara no Sadakuni (藤原定国)

Koui: A daughter of Minamoto no Noboru (源昇の娘)

Koui: Princess Manshi (満子女王) (?–920), daughter of Prince Sukemi (輔相王)

Koui: Fujiwara no Yoshihime (藤原淑姫) (?–949), daughter of Sangi Fujiwara no Sugane (藤原菅根)

Koui: Minamoto no Chikako (源周子) (?–935), daughter of Sadaiben Minamoto no Tonau (源唱)

Koui: Minamoto no Fūshi/Kaneko (源封子) (?–?), daughter of Ukyōdaibu Minamoto no Motomi (源旧鑒)

Koui: Fujiwara no Senshi (藤原鮮子) (?–915), daughter of Iyonosuke (伊予介) Fujiwara no Tsuranaga(藤原連永)

Koui: Fujiwara no Kuwako (藤原桑子) (?–?), daughter of Chūnagon Fujiwara no Kanesuke (藤原兼輔)

Koui: A daughter of Minamoto no Toshimi (源敏相の娘)

Koui: A daughter of Fujiwara no Korehira (藤原伊衡の娘)

See also


Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. 1 2 Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 醍醐天皇 (60)
  2. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 68–69.
  3. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 129–134; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gokanshō, pp. 291–293; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki, pp. 179–181.
  4. Varley, p. 179; Brown, p. 264; prior to Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors were very long and people did not generally use them; however, the number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
  5. Ponsonby-Fane, p. 8.
  6. 1 2 Varley, p. 179.
  7. 1 2 Brown, p. 293.
  8. Tisingh, p. 129; Varley, p. 44; a distinct act of senso is unrecognized before Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns except Jitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  9. Brown, p. 291; Varley, p. 44
  10. Titsingh, p. 130.
  11. Titsingh, pp. 130–131.
  12. 1 2 Titsingh, p. 131.
  13. 1 2 3 Titsingh, p. 132.
  14. 1 2 Titsingh, p. 134.
  15. Titsingh, p. 134; Brown, p. 293; Varley, p. 179-181.
  16. Brown, p. 293; Varley, p. 44.
  17. Titsingh, p. 134; Brown, p. 292; Varley, p. 181.
  18. Ponsonby-Fane, p. 420.
  19. Furugosho: Kugyō of Daigo-tennō.
  20. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 Brown, p. 291.
  21. Titsingh, p. 129.


External links

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Uda
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Emperor Suzaku
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