Emperor Sukō

For the Romanian village of Cireşeni, called Sükő in Hungarian, see Feliceni.
Emperor Sukō
3rd Northern Pretender
Reign 1348–1351
Predecessor Emperor Kōmyō
Successor Emperor Go-Kōgon
Born May 25, 1334
Died January 31, 1398 (aged 63)

Emperor Sukō (崇光天皇 Sukō Tennō) (May 25, 1334 – January 31, 1398) was the third of Ashikaga Pretenders during the Period of the Northern and Southern Courts in Japan. According to pre-Meiji scholars, his reign spanned the years from 1348 through 1351.[1]


His personal name was originally Masuhito (益仁), but was later changed to Okihito (興仁).

His father was the Northern Pretender Emperor Kōgon. His predecessor, Emperor Kōmyō was his uncle, the younger brother of Emperor Kōgon.

Events of Sukō's life

Sukō occupied the Chrysanthemum Throne from Jan. 1351 until 22 Nov. 1351.[2]

In 1348, he became Crown Prince. In the same year, he became Northern Emperor upon the abdication of Emperor Kōmyō. Although Emperor Kōgon ruled as cloistered Emperor, the rivalry between Ashikaga Takauji and Ashikaga Tadayoshi began, and in 1351, Takauji returned to the allegiance of the Southern Court, forcing Emperor Sukō to abdicate. This was intended to reunify the Imperial Line.

However, the peace soon fell apart, and in April 1352, the Southern Dynasty evacuated Kyoto, abducting with them Retired (Northern) Emperors Emperor Kōgon and Emperor Kōmyō as well as Emperor Sukō and the Crown Prince Tadahito. Because of this, Takauji made Emperor Kōgon's second son Imperial Prince Iyahito emperor (First Fushimi-no-miya).[2]:88,93

Returning to Kyoto in 1357, Emperor Sukō's son Imperial Prince Yoshihito began to work with the Bakufu to be named Crown Prince, but the Bakufu instead decided to make Emperor Go-Kōgon's son (the future Emperor Go-En'yū) Crown Prince instead.

In 1398, Emperor Sukō died. But, 30 years after his death, in 1428, his great-grandson Hikohito (彦仁), as the adopted son of Emperor Shōkō, became Emperor Go-Hanazono, fulfilling Sukō's dearest wish. Sukō is enshrined at the Daikōmyōji no misasagi (大光明寺陵) in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto.

Eras during his reign

Nanboku-chō Southern court
Nanboku-chō Northern court

Southern Court rivals

See also


Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 296–301.
  2. 1 2 Sansom, George (1961). A History of Japan, 1334-1615. Stanford University Press. p. 82,86. ISBN 0804705259.


Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Kōmyō
Northern Pretender
Succeeded by
Emperor Go-Kōgon
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