Emperor Reigen

Emperor of Japan
Reign 1663–1687
Predecessor Go-Sai
Successor Higashiyama
Born (1654-07-09)9 July 1654
Died 24 September 1732(1732-09-24) (aged 78)
Burial Tsuki no wa no misasagi (Kyoto)
Spouse Fujiwara no Fusako
Father Go-Mizunoo

Emperor Reigen (霊元天皇 Reigen-tennō, 9 July 1654 – 24 September 1732) was the 112th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2]

Reigen's reign spanned the years from 1663 through 1687.[3]


Before Reigen's ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (imina) was Satohito (識仁);[4] and his pre-accession title was Ate-no-miya (高貴宮).

Reigen was the 16th son of Emperor Go-Mizunoo. His mother was the daughter of Minister of the Center Sonomotooto (内大臣園基音), Lady in Waiting Kuniko (新広義門院国子).

Regien's Imperial family lived with him in the Dairi of the Heian Palace. This family included at least 13 sons and 14 daughters:[2]

His posthumous name was created during the Meiji Era by combining the kanji from the names of two previous Emperors, Emperor Kōrei (孝霊) and Emperor Kōgen (孝元).

Events of Reigen's life

View across the roof of Tōdai-ji becomes a panoramic vista as seen from the elevated walkway of Nigatsu-dō.

Emperor Reigen's memory is honored and preserved at his designated Imperial mausoleum (misasagi), Tsuki no wa no misasagi at Sennyū-ji in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto. His immediate Imperial predecessors since Emperor Go-MizunooMeishō, Go-Kōmyō and Go-Sai are also enshrined along with his immediate Imperial successors, including Higashiyama, Nakamikado, Sakuramachi, Momozono, Go-Sakuramachi and Go-Momozono.[11]


Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Reigen's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Reigen's reign

The years of Reigen's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[8]


Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 霊元天皇 (112)
  2. 1 2 3 Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, pp. 117.
  3. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du japon, pp. 414–415.
  4. Ponsonby-Fane, p. 9.
  5. Ponsonby-Fane, p. 10.
  6. 1 2 3 Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 186.
  7. Titsingh, p. 414.
  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 Titsingh, p. 414.
  9. 1 2 3 4 Titsingh, p. 415.
  10. Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1956). Kyoto: The Old Capital of Japan, 794–1869, p. 342.
  11. Ponsonby-Fane, Imperial House, p. 423.


See also

Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Go-Sai
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Emperor Higashiyama
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