Emperor Go-Momozono

Emperor of Japan

Reign 1771–1779
Predecessor Go-Sakuramachi (aunt)
Successor Kōkaku (son-in-law)
Born (1758-08-05)August 5, 1758
Died December 16, 1779(1779-12-16) (aged 21)
Burial Tsuki no wa no misasagi (Kyoto)
Father Momozono

Emperor Go-Momozono (後桃園天皇 Go-Momozono-tennō, August 5, 1758 – December 16, 1779) was the 118th emperor of Japan,[1] according to the traditional order of succession.[2]

Go-Momozono's reign spanned the years from 1771 through his death in 1779.[3]

This 18th-century sovereign was named after his father Emperor Momozono and go- (後), translates as "later", and thus, he could be called the "Later Emperor Momozono", or might be identified as "Momozono, the second" or as "Momozono II".


Before Go-Momozono's accession to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (imina) was Hidehito (英仁)[4] or Hanahito[5]

He was the firstborn son of Emperor Momozono.

Go-Momozono's Imperial family lived with him in the Dairi of the Heian Palace. This family included at least 2 sons who died in infancy and one 10-month-old daughter at the time of the emperor's early death.[2] An adopted son would become Go-Momozono's heir:

Events of Go-Momozono's life

Hidehito was passed over when his father died. He was too young to be emperor at that time.

Go-Momozono's kami is enshrined in the Imperial mausoleum, Tsuki no wa no misasagi, at Sennyū-ji in Higashiyama-ku, Kyoto. Also enshrined in this location are this emperor's immediate Imperial predecessors since Emperor Go-MizunooMeishō, Go-Kōmyō, Go-Sai, Reigen, Higashiyama, Nakamikado, Sakuramachi, Momozono and Go-Sakuramachi. The shrine complex also encompasses the misasagi of three of Go-Momozono's immediate successors – Kōkaku, Ninkō, and Kōmei.[10]


Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras. Even during those years in which the court's actual influence outside the palace walls was minimal, the hierarchic organization persisted.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Go-Momozono's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Go-Momozono's reign

The years of Go-Momozono's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō:[5]

See also


Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. Imperial Household Agency (Kunaichō): 後桃園天皇 (118)
  2. 1 2 3 Ponsonby-Fane, Richard. (1959). The Imperial House of Japan, p. 120.
  3. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp. 419–420.
  4. Ponsonby-Fane, p. 10
  5. 1 2 Titsingh, p. 419.
  6. 1 2 3 Meyer, Eva-Maria. (1999). Japans Kaiserhof in der Edo-Zeit, p. 186.
  7. 1 2 3 4 Hall, John. (1955). Tanuma Okitsugu, p. 120.
  8. Hall, p. 169.
  9. 1 2 3 Hall, p. 121.
  10. Ponsonby-Fane, p. 423.


Regnal titles
Preceded by
Empress Go-Sakuramachi
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Emperor Kōkaku
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