Emperor Nijō

Emperor of Japan

Nijō, Tenshi Sekkan Miei
Reign 1158–1165
Predecessor Go-Shirakawa
Successor Rokujō
Born (1143-07-31)July 31, 1143
Died September 5, 1165(1165-09-05) (aged 22)
Burial Kōryū-ji no Misasagi (Kyoto)
Spouse Fujiwara no Ikushi

Emperor Nijō (二条天皇 Nijō-tennō) (July 31, 1143 – September 5, 1165) was the 78th emperor of Japan, according to the traditional order of succession. His reign spanned the years from 1158 through 1165.[1]


Before his ascension to the Chrysanthemum Throne, his personal name (his imina)[2] was Morihito-shinnō (守仁親王).[3]

He was the eldest son of Emperor Go-Shirakawa. He was the father of Emperor Rokujō.

Events of Nijō's life

Nijō was proclaimed as heir to Emperor Go-Shirakawa.

After Nijō was formally enthroned, the management of all affairs continued to rest entirely in the hands of the retired emperor, Go-Shirakawa.[8]


Kugyō (公卿) is a collective term for the very few most powerful men attached to the court of the Emperor of Japan in pre-Meiji eras.

In general, this elite group included only three to four men at a time. These were hereditary courtiers whose experience and background would have brought them to the pinnacle of a life's career. During Nijō's reign, this apex of the Daijō-kan included:

Eras of Nijō's reign

The years of Nijō's reign are more specifically identified by more than one era name or nengō.[13]

See also


Japanese Imperial kamon — a stylized chrysanthemum blossom
  1. Titsingh, Isaac. (1834). Annales des empereurs du Japon, pp.191–194; Brown, Delmer et al. (1979). Gukanshō, pp.327–329; Varley, H. Paul. (1980). Jinnō Shōtōki. pp. 208–212.
  2. Brown, pp. 264; n.b., up until the time of Emperor Jomei, the personal names of the emperors (their imina) were very long and people did not generally use them. The number of characters in each name diminished after Jomei's reign.
  3. Titsingh, p. 191; Brown, p. 327; Varley, p. 209.
  4. Kitagawa, Hiroshi. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p. 298
  5. Brown, p. 321; Kitagawa, H. (1975). The Tale of the Heike, p.783.
  6. 1 2 3 Kitagawa, p. 783.
  7. Titsingh, p. 191; Brown, p. 327; Varley, p. 44, 209; n.b., a distinct act of senso is unrecognized prior to Emperor Tenji; and all sovereigns exceptJitō, Yōzei, Go-Toba, and Fushimi have senso and sokui in the same year until the reign of Emperor Go-Murakami.
  8. Titsingh, p. 191.
  9. Brown, p. 328.
  10. Titsingh, p. 194; Brown, p. 329; Varley, p. 44.
  11. Brown, p. 328; Kitagawa, p.783.
  12. 1 2 Brown, p. 327.
  13. Titsingh, pp. 190–194; Brown, p. 328.


Regnal titles
Preceded by
Emperor Go-Shirakawa
Emperor of Japan:

Succeeded by
Emperor Rokujō
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