84th Academy Awards
|84th Academy Awards|
|Date||February 26, 2012|
Hollywood and Highland Center Theatre[a]|
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Hosted by||Billy Crystal|
|Directed by||Don Mischer|
|Best Picture||The Artist|
|Most awards||The Artist and Hugo (5)|
|Most nominations||Hugo (11)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 13 minutes|
23.91% (Nielsen ratings)
The 84th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2011 in the United States and took place on February 26, 2012, at the Hollywood and Highland Center Theatre[a] in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories. The ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC, and produced by Brian Grazer and Don Mischer, with Mischer also serving as director. Actor Billy Crystal hosted the show for the ninth time. He first presided over the 62nd ceremony held in 1990 and had last hosted the 76th ceremony held in 2004.
On June 14, 2011, Academy president Tom Sherak announced at a press conference that, in an attempt to further revitalize interest surrounding the awards, the 2012 ceremony would feature between five and ten Best Picture nominees depending on voting results, as opposed to a set number of nominees. In related events, the Academy held its third annual Governors Awards ceremony at the Grand Ballroom of the Hollywood and Highland Center on November 12, 2011. On February 11, 2012, in a ceremony at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Milla Jovovich.
The Artist won five awards, including Best Actor for Jean Dujardin, Best Director for Michel Hazanavicius, and Best Picture, the first silent feature to win an Academy Award for Best Picture since 1927's Wings, the inaugural winner in 1929. Other winners included Hugo also with five awards, The Iron Lady with two awards, and Beginners, The Descendants, The Fantastic Flying Books of Mr. Morris Lessmore, The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo, The Help, Midnight in Paris, The Muppets, Rango, Saving Face, A Separation, The Shore, and Undefeated with one. The telecast garnered more than 39 million viewers in the United States.
Winners and nominees
The nominees for the 84th Academy Awards were announced on January 24, 2012, at 5:38 a.m. PST (13:38 UTC) at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Tom Sherak, president of the Academy, and the actress Jennifer Lawrence. Hugo led all nominees with eleven nominations; The Artist came in second with ten.
The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 26, 2012. The Artist was the second silent feature to win Best Picture. The 1927 film Wings was the first such film to achieve this distinction at the inaugural awards ceremony in 1929. Moreover, it was also the first black-and-white feature to win Best Picture since 1993's Schindler's List.[b] Best Actor winner Jean Dujardin became the first French actor to win an Oscar. With her latest win for Best Actress, Meryl Streep became the fifth performer to win at least three acting Oscars. At age 82, Best Supporting Actor winner Christopher Plummer also made Oscar history by becoming the oldest ever performer to win a competitive acting Oscar.
Honorary Academy Awards
The Academy held its 3rd Annual Governors Awards ceremony on November 12, 2011, during which the following awards were presented.
Academy Honorary Award
- James Earl Jones — For his legacy of consistent excellence and uncommon versatility.
- Dick Smith — For his unparalleled mastery of texture, shade, form and illusion.
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Films with multiple nominations and awards
The following 18 films received multiple nominations:
The following three films received multiple awards:
Presenters and performers
| Disney, MelissaMelissa Disney|
|Announcers for the 84th annual Academy Awards|
|Freeman, MorganMorgan Freeman||Presenter of the opening montage|
|Hanks, TomTom Hanks||Presenter of the awards for Best Cinematography and Best Art Direction|
| Diaz, CameronCameron Diaz|
|Presenters of the awards for Best Costume Design and Best Makeup|
|Bullock, SandraSandra Bullock||Presenter of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Bale, ChristianChristian Bale||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
| Cooper, BradleyBradley Cooper|
|Presenters of the awards for Best Film Editing, Best Sound Editing, and Best Sound Mixing|
| Kermit the Frog, Kermit the Frog|
|Introducers of the performance by Cirque du Soleil|
| Downey, Jr., RobertRobert Downey, Jr.|
|Presenters of the award for Best Documentary Feature|
|Rock, ChrisChris Rock||Presenter of the award for Best Animated Feature|
| Stiller, BenBen Stiller|
|Presenters of the award for Best Visual Effects|
|Leo, MelissaMelissa Leo||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Sherak, TomTom Sherak (AMPAS President)||Special presentation congratulating host Billy Crystal and producers Brian Grazer and Don Mischer|
| Cruz, PenélopePenélope Cruz|
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Score|
| Ferrell, WillWill Ferrell|
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Song|
|Jolie, AngelinaAngelina Jolie||Presenter of the awards for Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Original Screenplay|
|Jovovich, MillaMilla Jovovich||Presenter of the segment of the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement and Gordon E. Sawyer Award|
| Byrne, RoseRose Byrne|
|Presenters of the awards for Best Live Action Short Film, Best Documentary Short Subject and Best Animated Short Film|
|Douglas, MichaelMichael Douglas||Presenter of the award for Best Director|
|Streep, MerylMeryl Streep||Presenter of the segment of the Honorary Academy Awards and Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award|
|Crystal, BillyBilly Crystal||Presenter of the In Memoriam tribute|
|Portman, NatalieNatalie Portman||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Firth, ColinColin Firth||Presenter of the award for Best Actress|
|Cruise, TomTom Cruise||Presenter of the Best Picture segment and the award for Best Picture|
| Asher, PeterPeter Asher|
Ann Marie Calhoun
A. R. Rahman
|Crystal, BillyBilly Crystal||Performer||Opening number|
|Cirque du Soleil, Cirque du Soleil||Performers||Special performance in a tribute to movie memories|
| Spalding, EsperanzaEsperanza Spalding|
Southern California Children's Chorus
|Performers||"What a Wonderful World" during the annual In Memoriam tribute|
Because of the declining viewership of recent Academy Awards ceremonies, the Academy sought ideas to revamp the show while renewing interest with the nominated films. In light of the previous year's telecast, whose performance by co-hosts James Franco and Anne Hathaway yielded critically negative reviews and a 9% decline in viewership, many within the Motion Picture Academy proposed new ways to give the awards a more populist appeal. After a two-year experiment with ten Best Pictures nominees, AMPAS president Tom Sherak announced that the number of final nominees can now range from five to ten as opposed a fixed number. The nomination voting process would be the same as before, through preferential balloting, but now only films that receive a minimum of 5% of total number-one votes are eligible for Best Picture nominations. Academy then-executive director Bruce Davis explained, "A Best Picture nomination should be an indication of extraordinary merit. If there are only eight pictures that truly earn that honor in a given year, we shouldn't feel an obligation to round out the number." Changes in the Best Animated Feature also were announced. In response to the growing number of animated features released per year, the Academy stated in a press release that four to five films would now be nominated per year contingent on how many animated feature films were released in that year.
Originally, the Academy selected director Brett Ratner as co-producer of the ceremony with Don Mischer in August 2011. Actor and comedian Eddie Murphy was hired by Ratner to preside over hosting duties. However, after commenting to radio host Howard Stern during an interview promoting the film Tower Heist that "rehearsal is for fags" and disparaging remarks about actress Olivia Munn, Ratner resigned from his co-producing duties on November 8. Murphy subsequently stepped down as host the following day. Immediately, the Academy selected film producer Brian Grazer to replace Ratner as co-producer. Actor and veteran Oscar emcee Billy Crystal was recruited by Grazer to take over hosting duties.
Multiple others participated in the production of the ceremony. Musicians Hans Zimmer and Pharrell Williams composed new music exclusive to the Oscars ceremony, which was later released as an album via the iTunes Store. Oscar-winning production designer John Myhre designed a new stage for the ceremony. Director Bennett Miller filmed several vignettes featuring actors discussing movie memories and the business of filmmaking. Cirque du Soleil, who was concurrently renting the Hollywood and Highland Center for their show Iris, performed a dance number at the ceremony inspired by their aforementioned show. Unlike most Oscar ceremonies, however, Grazer and Mischer announced that neither of the two songs nominated for Best Original Song would be performed live.
Box office performance of nominated films
For the first time since 2008, only one of the nominees for Best Picture had grossed over $100 million before the nominations were announced (compared with three from the previous year). The combined gross of the nine Best Picture nominees when the Oscars were announced was $518 million with an average gross of $57.7 million per film.
None of the nine Best Picture nominees was among the top ten releases in box office during the nominations. When the nominations were announced on January 24, 2012, The Help was the highest-grossing film among the Best Picture nominees with $169.6 million in domestic box office receipts. Among the remaining eight nominees, Moneyball was the second-highest-grossing film with $75.5 million; this was followed by War Horse ($72.3 million), Midnight in Paris ($56.4 million), Hugo ($55.9 million), The Descendants ($51.3 million), The Tree of Life ($13.3 million), The Artist ($12.1 million), and, finally, Extremely Loud and Incredibly Close ($10.7 million).
Of the top 50 grossing movies of the year, 36 nominations went to 15 films on the list. Only The Help (13th), Bridesmaids (14th), Kung Fu Panda 2 (15th), Puss in Boots (16th), Rango (22nd), The Girl with the Dragon Tattoo (28th), Moneyball (43rd), and War Horse (46th) were nominated for Best Picture, Best Animated Feature, or any of the directing, acting, or screenwriting awards. The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows – Part 2 (1st), Transformers: Dark of the Moon (2nd), Rise of the Planet of the Apes (11th), Rio (18th), The Muppets (34th), Real Steel (35th), and The Adventures of Tintin (47th).
The show received a mixed reception from media publications. Some media outlets were more critical of the show. Television critic Lori Rackl of the Chicago Sun-Times criticized Crystal's performance saying that the emcee "left his A game at home Sunday. Crystal's mediocre monologue was consistent with a mediocre 84th installment of Hollywood’s biggest awards ceremony. Columnist Tim Goodman of The Hollywood Reporter quipped that "Somewhere, against all odds, James Franco is buying drinks for everybody." He went on to say that the previous year's critically panned telecast was eclipsed by Crystal's dull antics and that the show itself was "poorly paced as any in recent memory." Alessandra Stanley of The New York Times lamented, "The whole night looked like an AARP pep rally." She also noted that, "For a town that prides itself on tinsel and titillation, the night was pretty tame."
Other media outlets received the broadcast more positively. Ken Tucker of Entertainment Weekly commented that despite the ceremony running over three hours and honoring films that had earned modest box office numbers, "it was a jolly good show." He also praised the cast and several sketches and segments from the show. Film critic Roger Ebert lauded Crystal's performance saying "As probably the most popular Oscar emcee, he astonished the audience by topping himself." Of the show itself, Ebert added that it was "an unqualified improvement" over the previous year's ceremony. Associated Press critic Frazier Moore pointed out that Crystal's performance "was nothing new or unexpected in his act", but he extoled him for stewarding "a sleek and entertaining Oscarcast."
Ratings and reception
The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 39.46 million people over its length, which was a 4% increase from the previous year's ceremony. An estimated 76.56 million total viewers watched all or part of the awards. The show also earned higher Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 23.91% of households watching over a 37.64 share. However the program scored a sightly lower 18-49 demo rating with an 11.67 rating over a 32.68 share among viewers in that demographic, essentially flat with last year's numbers. Many media outlets pointed out that the 54th Grammy Awards held two weeks earlier drew a larger audience with an average 39.92 million people watching.
In July 2012, the ceremony presentation received eight nominations at the 64th Primetime Emmys. Two months later, the ceremony won one of those nominations for Outstanding Sound Mixing for a Variety Series or Special (Paul Sandweiss, Tommy Vicari, Pablo Munguia, Kristian Pedregon, Bob Lamasney, Brian Riordan, Thomas Pesa, Michael Parker, Josh Morton, Patrick Baltzell, Larry Reed, and John Perez).
The annual In Memoriam tribute, was presented by host Billy Crystal. Singer Esperanza Spalding performed the Louis Armstrong song "What a Wonderful World" alongside the Southern California Children's Chorus during the tribute.
- 18th Screen Actors Guild Awards
- 32nd Golden Raspberry Awards
- 54th Grammy Awards
- 64th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 65th British Academy Film Awards
- 66th Tony Awards
- 69th Golden Globe Awards
- List of submissions to the 84th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- aa1 a2 Kodak ended its naming rights deal prior to the ceremony, and was temporarily renamed "Hollywood and Highland Center" for the ceremony. The theater was later named Dolby Theatre on May 1, 2012.
- b^ :If the color sequences in Schindler's List are taken into consideration, The Artist becomes the first completely black-and-white film to win Best Picture since 1960's The Apartment.
- c^ :In July 2012, the Academy revoked the Best Live Action Short Film nomination for Tuba Atlantic after the organization learned that the film was broadcast on television in 2010.
- Finn, Natalie (November 10, 2011). "Billy Crystal Back as Host of the Academy Awards". E!. NBCUniversal. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
- Labreque, Jeff (February 13, 2012). "Oscars® Pre-Show Team Comes Together!". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc.
- Vary, Adam B. (November 9, 2011). "Brian Grazer replacing Brett Ratner as new Oscar producer". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Inside Movies. Retrieved November 9, 2011.
- Lowry, Brian (February 26, 2012). "The 84th Annual Academy Awards". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Archived from the original on September 29, 2013. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
- Kissell, Rick (February 27, 2012). "Crystal, social media fuel Oscar ratings". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
- Grosz, Christy (November 10, 2011). "Crystal confirmed as Oscars host". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
- Sperling, Nicole; Kaufman, Amy (June 14, 2011). "Oscars change rule for best-picture race". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Publishing. Archived from the original on June 23, 2011. Retrieved June 15, 2011.
- Kilday, Gregg (November 13, 2011). "The Ceremony: Academy Honors Oprah Winfrey, James Earl Jones and Dick Smith in Emotional Evening". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on December 17, 2011. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
- Schillaci, Sophie A. (February 6, 2012). "Milla Jovovich to Host Academy's Sci-Tech Awards". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
- Waters, Florence (February 27, 2012). "The Artist triumphs with five Academy Awards". The Daily Telegraph. London: Telegraph Media Group. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
- Horn, John; Sperling, Nicole (February 27, 2012). "'The Artist' is big winner at Academy Awards". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
- Shaw, Tucker (February 26, 2012). "Oscars 2012: "Artist" wins top prize, Streep surprises for Best Actress". The Denver Post. MediaNews Group. Archived from the original on March 1, 2012. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- Grosz, Christy (January 9, 2012). "Jennifer Lawrence to unveil Oscar noms". Variety. Penske Media Corporation. Retrieved May 10, 2012.
- Lee, Ben (January 24, 2012). "'Hugo', 'The Artist' lead Oscar 2012 nominations". Digital Spy. Hearst Magazines UK. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
- Kennedy, Lisa. "Silent movie gets loudest praise at the Academy Awards". The Denver Post. MediaNews Group. Retrieved February 28, 2012.
- Day, Patrick Kevin (February 26, 2012). "Oscars 2012: 'The Artist' wins for best picture". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Publishing. Archived from the original on June 4, 2013. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- Phillips, Michael (February 27, 2012). "Oscars: 'The Artist' wins best picture". Chicago Tribune. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved May 9, 2013.
- Kaufman, Gil (February 27, 2012). "Oscars 2012 Belong To 'The Artist,' 'Hugo,' Meryl Streep". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on June 22, 2012. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
- "The 84th Academy Awards (2012) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. AMPAS. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
- Karger, Dave (August 3, 2011). "Oprah Winfrey, James Earl Jones, and Dick Smith to receive honorary Oscars". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
- Odell, Therese (February 26, 2012). "The Not!Live Blog of the 84th Academy Awards". Houston Chronicle. Hearst Corporation. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
- Gallo, Phil (February 29, 2012). "Hans Zimmer's Oscar Music Spawns New Album". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on May 1, 2012. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
- Gleiberman, Owen (June 17, 2011). "The Oscars rejiggered AGAIN? The more this show changes, the more it loses its identity". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- Greenburg, Zack O'Malley (February 27, 2011). "James Franco, Anne Hathaway, and the Convergence of Oscar and Grammy". Forbes. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- Young, John (January 24, 2012). "Best Picture Oscar: So why are there nine nominees?". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
- Singer, Matt (June 15, 2011). "An Idiot's Guide To The New Academy Award Rules". IFC. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
- Cieply, Michael (June 15, 2011). "New Rules to Set Field for Chasing Top Oscar". The New York Times. Archived from the original on November 19, 2012. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
- Pomerantz, Dorothy (June 15, 2011). "Five Films to Compete for Best Picture ... Or Maybe Eight". Forbes. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
- Sperling, Nicole (August 5, 2011). "Brett Ratner chosen to produce 2012 Oscar telecast". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
- Cieply, Michael; Brooks Barnes (September 6, 2011). "Eddie Murphy to Host the Oscars". The New York Times. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
- Rottenberg, Josh (November 7, 2011). "Brett Ratner apologizes for lying about Olivia Munn, use of gay slur". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on May 24, 2013. Retrieved June 14, 2013.
- "Academy Statement Regarding Brett Ratner". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. AMPAS. November 8, 2011. Archived from the original on January 27, 2013. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
- "Eddie Murphy quits Oscars after Brett Ratner exit". BBC News. November 9, 2011. Retrieved January 2, 2012.
- Sperling, Nicole (November 10, 2011). "Brian Grazer to produce the Oscars". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
- Kennedy, Lisa (November 10, 2011). "Billy Crystal Returns to Oscar, Oscar, Oscar". The Denver Post. Archived from the original on May 12, 2013. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
- Brown, August (February 24, 2012). "The Oscars: Hans Zimmer and Pharrell Williams know the score for the telecast -- they wrote it". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved March 6, 2012.
- Ford, Rebecca (November 17, 2011). "John Myhre Named Oscar Production Designer". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on December 25, 2011. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
- Finke, Nikki (February 24, 2012). "UPDATE: Sacha Baron Cohen Coming To Oscars As 'The Dictator' After Ban Lifted: "Academy Have Surrendered"; Set-Up?". Deadline.com. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- Beard, Lanford (February 17, 2012). "Cirque du Soleil to perform at Oscars, yet still no Muppets...who would YOU rather see? -- Poll". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 23, 2013.
- Ryzik, Melena. "Will Neither Man Nor Muppet Sing at the Oscars". The New York Timesdate= February 8, 2012. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- Sudman, Peter (January 25, 2012). "Oscar snubs box-office hits, salutes Hollywood". Washington Times. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
- Bowles, Scott (February 8, 2012). "Blockbusters left out of the best-picture Oscar race". USA Today. Retrieved April 30, 2012.
- "2011 Academy Awards Nominations and Winner for Best Picture". Box Office Mojo. Retrieved May 15, 2013.
- Kaufman, Amy (January 25, 2012). "Oscars 2012: 'The Help' has biggest box office among nominees". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved January 25, 2012.
- "2011 Oscar nominations and wins by movie". Box Office Mojo. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved April 27, 2012.
- Rackl, Lori (February 27, 2012). "Enough with Billy Crystal's fluff songs". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013.
- Goodman, Tim (February 27, 2012). "Review: Oscars Become Badly Paced Bore-fest". The Hollywood Reporter. Archived from the original on May 21, 2012. Retrieved April 23, 2012.
- Stanley, Alessandra (February 27, 2012). "Even the Jokes Have Wrinkles". The New York Times. Retrieved April 25, 2013.
- Tucker, Ken (February 27, 2012). "Academy Awards show review: Oscars in good hands with Billy Crystal... and Christopher Guest, and Emma Stone, and Angelina Jolie's leg". Entertainment Weekly. Archived from the original on October 4, 2013. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
- Ebert, Roger (February 26, 2012). ""The Artist" and "Hugo": A very French Oscars". Chicago Sun-Times. Archived from the original on June 2, 2013.
- Moore, Frazier (February 27, 2012). "TV Review: Billy Crystal returns to host a winning Oscarcast". Florida Times-Union. Associated Press. Archived from the original on October 12, 2013. Retrieved April 19, 2013.
- de Moraes, Lisa (February 27, 2012). "Oscars 2012 ratings: About 39 million viewers, slightly up from last year". The Washington Post. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
- Gorman, Bill (February 27, 2012). ""Academy Awards" Broadcast Draws its 2nd-Biggest Audience Since 2007". TV by the Numbers. Archived from the original on September 14, 2012. Retrieved April 26, 2012.
- Motivich, Matt Webb (September 23, 2012). "Ratings: Oscars Inch Up Versus Last Year, Celebrity Apprentice Hits All-Time Low". TVLine. Retrieved April 24, 2013.
- Hibberd, James (February 27, 2012). "Oscars ratings rise, but Grammys shined brighter". Entertainment Weekly. Retrieved April 29, 2012.
- Carter, Bill (February 27, 2012). "Slight Rise in Oscar Ratings, but Not Among the Coveted Younger Viewers". The New York Times. Retrieved April 30, 2013.
- Finke, Nikki (July 19, 2012). "2012 Emmy Nominations: Breaking". Deadline.com.
- Finke, Nikki; Nellie Andreeva (September 15, 2012). "Creative Arts Emmys 2012 Winners". Deadline.com. Retrieved April 29, 2013.
- Downey, Ryan J. (February 27, 2012). "Whitney Houston, Elizabeth Taylor Remembered At Oscars". MTV. Viacom Media Networks. Archived from the original on May 18, 2012. Retrieved February 27, 2012.
- Burson, Jeff (February 28, 2012). "Oscar's Obit Reel: Who Was Left Off?". The Birmingham News. Advance Publications. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
- Block, Ben (February 22, 2012). "Oscars Will Drop References to Kodak Theatre". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on May 21, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
- Block, Ben (May 1, 2012). "Academy Awards to Stay in Hollywood at Newly Named Dolby Theatre". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Archived from the original on May 9, 2012. Retrieved May 3, 2013.
- Persall, Steve (February 27, 2012). "Oscar ratings: Billy Crystal's return can't overcome big night for art flicks". Tampa Bay Times. Times Publishing Company. Retrieved September 23, 2012.
- Breznican, Anthony (January 30, 2014). "'Alone Yet Not Alone': The other nominees who had their Oscars revoked". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved April 16, 2014.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 84th Academy Awards.|
- Official websites
- Academy Awards Official website
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Official website
- Oscar's Channel at YouTube (run by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)
- News resources
- Other resources
- Pronunciation Guide to the 84th Academy Award Nominees
- 84th Academy Awards show – slideshow by The Indianapolis Star
- The 84th Annual Academy Awards at the Internet Movie Database