59th Academy Awards
|59th Academy Awards|
|Date||March 30, 1987|
Dorothy Chandler Pavilion|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Produced by||Samuel Goldwyn, Jr.|
|Directed by||Marty Pasetta|
|Most awards||Platoon (4)|
|Most nominations||Platoon and A Room with a View (8)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 25 minutes|
27.5% (Nielsen ratings)
The 59th Academy Awards ceremony, organized by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), took place on March 30, 1987, at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST / 9:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 23 categories honoring films released in 1986. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Samuel Goldwyn, Jr. and directed by Marty Pasetta. Actors Chevy Chase, Paul Hogan, and Goldie Hawn co-hosted the show. Hawn hosted the gala for the second time, having previously been a co-host of the 48th ceremony held in 1976. Meanwhile, this was Chase and Hogan's first Oscars hosting stint. Eight days earlier, in a ceremony held at The Beverly Hilton in Beverly Hills, California on March 22, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Catherine Hicks.
Platoon won four awards including Best Picture. Other winners included Hannah and Her Sisters and A Room with a View with three awards, Aliens with two awards, and Artie Shaw: Time Is All You've Got, The Assault, Children of a Lesser God, The Color of Money, Down and Out in America, The Fly, A Greek Tragedy, The Mission, Precious Images, Round Midnight, Top Gun, and Women – for America, for the World with one.
Winners and nominees
The nominees for the 59th Academy Awards were announced on February 11, 1987, at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Robert Wise, president of the Academy, and actor Don Ameche and actress Anjelica Huston. Platoon and A Room with a View led all nominees with eight each.
The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 30, 1987. Marlee Matlin was the first deaf performer to win an Oscar and the youngest winner in the Best Actress category. Best Actor winner Paul Newman was the fourth actor to have been nominated for portraying the same character in two different films, having previously earned a nomination for his role as "Fast Eddie" Felson in 1961's The Hustler. By virtue of his victory in the Best Actor category, Newman and wife Joanne Woodward, who won Best Actress for her performance in 1957's The Three Faces of Eve, became the second married couple to win acting Oscars. Artie Shaw: Time Is All You've Got and Down and Out in America's joint win in the Best Documentary Feature category marked the fourth occurrence of a tie in Oscar history.
Honorary Academy Awards
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
Multiple nominations and awards
The following 15 films had multiple nominations:
The following four films received multiple awards.
Presenters and performers
|Sims, HankHank Sims||Announcer for the 59th annual Academy Awards|
|Wise, RobertRobert Wise (AMPAS president)||Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony|
|MacLaine, ShirleyShirley MacLaine||Presenter of the awards for Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Original Screenplay|
|Matlin, MarleeMarlee Matlin||Presenter of the award for Best Sound|
| Ameche, DonDon Ameche|
|Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Chase, ChevyChevy Chase||Presenter of the award for Best Sound Effects Editing|
|Bacall, LaurenLauren Bacall||Presenter of the award for Best Costume Design|
| Reeve, ChristopherChristopher Reeve|
|Presenters of the award for Best Art Decoration|
|Jones, JenniferJennifer Jones||Presenter of the award for Best Cinematography|
| Bonham Carter, HelenaHelena Bonham Carter|
|Presenters of the award for Best Documentary Short Subject|
|Dreyfuss, RichardRichard Dreyfuss||Presenter of the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award to Steven Spielberg|
| Nimoy, LeonardLeonard Nimoy|
|Presenters of the award for Best Visual Effects|
|Winfrey, OprahOprah Winfrey||Presenter of the award for Best Documentary Feature|
| Bridges, JeffJeff Bridges|
|Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Peters, BernadetteBernadette Peters||Presenter of the award for Best Original Song|
|Midler, BetteBette Midler||Presenter of the award for Best Original Score|
| Hanks, TomTom Hanks|
|Presenters of the award for Best Animated Short Film|
|Dangerfield, RodneyRodney Dangerfield||Presenter of the award for Best Makeup|
| Braga, SôniaSônia Braga|
|Presenters of the award for Best Live Action Short Film|
|Hurt, WilliamWilliam Hurt||Presenter of the award for Best Actress|
|Ringwald, MollyMolly Ringwald||Presenter of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Quinn, AnthonyAnthony Quinn||Presenter of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Malden, KarlKarl Malden||Presenter of the Honorary Academy Award to Ralph Bellamy|
|Taylor, ElizabethElizabeth Taylor||Presenter of the award for Best Director|
|Davis, BetteBette Davis||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Hoffman, DustinDustin Hoffman||Presenter of the award for Best Picture|
|Newman, LionelLionel Newman|| Musical arranger|
| Academy Awards chorus, Academy Awards chorus|
|Performers||"Fugue for Tinhorns" from Guys and Dolls|
|Peters, BernadetteBernadette Peters||Performer||Sang brief introductions to each nominee for Best Original Song|
| Cole, NatalieNatalie Cole|
|Performers||"Somewhere Out There" from An American Tail|
|Cetera, PeterPeter Cetera||Performer||"Glory of Love" from The Karate Kid, Part II|
| Moore, MelbaMelba Moore|
|Performers||"Take My Breath Away" from Top Gun|
|Bennett, TonyTony Bennett||Performer||"Life in a Looking Glass" from That's Life!|
|Stubbs, LeviLevi Stubbs||Performer||"Mean Green Mother from Outer Space" from Little Shop of Horrors|
|Academy Awards chorus, Academy Awards chorus||Performers||"Fugue for Tinhorns" during the closing credits|
Determined to revive interest surrounding the awards and reverse declining ratings, the Academy hired Samuel Goldwyn, Jr. in November 1986 to produce the telecast for the first time. The following March, Goldwyn announced that comedian Chevy Chase, actress and Academy Award winner Goldie Hawn, and actor and Best Original Screenplay nominee Paul Hogan would share co-hosting duties for the 1987 ceremony. Actor Robin Williams was initially named a co-host, but he was forced to withdraw from emceeing duties due to his commitment toward his role in the upcoming film Good Morning, Vietnam.
One of the biggest priorities for Goldwyn was to shorten the length of the show to at least three hours or less. In view of his goal, he told reporters regarding winner's acceptance speeches, "We are actually going to give them 45 seconds. The light (next to the camera) will start blinking at 45 seconds and go red at 55 seconds. After one minute we will either cut to a commercial or go to something else. We've also asked multiple winners to flip a coin and pick a spokesman." Furthermore, instead of each Best Original Song nominee being performed separately, all five songs were performed as part of a musical number featuring actress Bernadette Peters singing brief introductions to each one. Although Goldwyn attempted to move the Documentary and Short Film Categories to a separate ceremony from the broadcast, the AMPAS Board of Governors refused to do so.
Several other people were involved with the production of the ceremony. Oscar-winning costume designer Theoni V. Aldredge was hired as fashion consultant for the awards ceremony and supervised a "fashion show" segment showcasing the five nominees for Best Costume Design. Lionel Newman served as musical director and conductor for the ceremony. Actors Dom DeLuise, Pat Morita, and Telly Savalas performed the song "Fugue for Tinhorns" from the musical Guys and Dolls at the start of the ceremony.
Box office performance of nominated films
At the time of the nominations announcement on February 11, the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees at the US box office was $119 million with an average of $23.9 million. Platoon was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $39.3 million in the domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Hannah and Her Sisters ($35.4 million), Children of a Lesser God ($22.1 million), A Room with a View ($11.5 million) and The Mission ($11.1 million).
Of the 50 grossing movies of the year, 55 nominations went to 18 films on the list. Only Crocodile Dundee (2nd), Aliens (6th), The Color of Money (11th), Stand By Me (12th), Peggy Sue Got Married (18th), Platoon (23rd), Hannah and Her Sisters (29th), The Morning After (38th), The Color of Money (40th), and Crimes of the Heart (43rd) were nominated for Best Picture, directing, acting, or screenplay. The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Top Gun (1st), The Karate Kid Part II (3rd), Star Trek IV: The Voyage Home (4th), An American Tail (5th), Heartbreak Ridge (17th), Poltergeist II: The Other Side (19th), The Fly (22nd), and Little Shop of Horrors (30th).
The show received a mixed reception from media publications. Some media outlets were more critical of the show. Columnist Jerry Roberts of the Daily Breeze remarked "The whole mess was like some kind of geek show from a carnival row that had incestuously multiplied itself into a gargantuan sequin-lined ego battle royal accompanied by a firestorm of ballyhooing." Despite Chase and Hawn's best efforts to liven up the broadcast, he commented, "The lumbering procedure completely defeated them." Television critic Tom Shales of The Washington Post wrote, "As usual, the Academy Awards show was marked by missed cues, noisy moving scenery, plunging necklines, inane scripted chatter and, as has often happened in recent years, few galvanizing or gratifying surprises." He also quipped that the segment showcasing the Best Costume Design nominees slowed down the ceremony's pace. The Philadelphia Inquirer's film critic Carrie Rickey observed, "As pace goes, the Academy Awards show was like watching a race between slugs and snails." She later wrote, "Oscarsclerosis is the show's most critical condition, the result of a telecast larded, once again, with too many Vegas-style production numbers."
Other media outlets received the broadcast more positively. Film critic John Hartl of The Seattle Times noted that the ceremony "was well-paced and filled with comics and comic film clips." He also complimented producer Goldwyn for hiring comics including host Chase and presenters such as Rodney Dangerfield for helping "to keep the show light and funny." The New York Times columnist Janet Maslin wrote, "This was the trimmest, most varied and best-paced program in years." She also commented that without the witty banter of hosts Hogan and Chase, "The show would have seemed notably lacking in luster." Television editor Michael Burkett of the Orange County Register commented, "Monday night's 59th installment was very nearly everything you could have wished it to be: quite entertaining, relatively fast-moving, unusually short on tastelessness and tackiness drenched in nostalgia, and featuring enough superbly chosen film clips for a monster round of Visual Trivial Pursuit.
Ratings and reception
The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 37.19 million people over its length, which was a 2% decrease from the previous year's ceremony. However, the show drew higher Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 27.5% of households watching over a 43 share. Many media outlets pointed out that the broadcast earned higher ratings compared to the final game of the 1987 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament which was airing on CBS that same night.
- 7th Golden Raspberry Awards
- 29th Grammy Awards
- 39th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 40th British Academy Film Awards
- 41st Tony Awards
- 44th Golden Globe Awards
- List of submissions to the 59th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- Osborne 2008, p. 282
- "59th Annual Academy Awards Presentation". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved July 11, 2014.
- "Shirley Verrett Is Star of Friday's Opera Gala". The Miami Herald. The McClatchy Company. January 13, 1987. p. 5D.
- "Hosting chores". Variety. PMC. February 13, 2005. Retrieved 17 April 2014.
- "Past Scientific & Technical Awards Ceremonies". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. AMPAS. Archived from the original on February 13, 2014. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- Harmetz, Aljean (March 31, 1987). ""Platoon" Wins Oscar as the Best Movie of 1986". The New York Times. The New York Times. Retrieved July 9, 2014.
- Sharbutt, Jay (March 31, 1987). "'Platoon' Is Top Film; Newman Is Best Actor". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved May 23, 2014.
- Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 689
- Matthews, Jack (February 11, 1987). "Newman Gets 7th Chance; Will He Finally Get Oscar? : Nominated for 'Color of Money'". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved April 11, 2014.
- Brill 2006, p. 130
- Osborne 2008, p. 396
- Osborne 2008, p. 397
- Warner, Denise. "Best Sound Editing Oscar tie is sixth in Academy Awards history". Entertainment Weekly. Time Inc. Retrieved April 15, 2015.
- "The 59th Academy Awards (1987) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. AMPAS. Retrieved October 16, 2011.
- Deans, Laurie (February 13, 1987). "Directors' contract expires June 30 Strike threat prompts April flurry". The Globe and Mail. The Globe and Mail, Inc. p. C3.
- "Complete list of Oscar nominations". Toronto Star. Star Media Group. February 12, 1987. p. F6.
- Mull, Marrison (March 29, 1987). "59th Academy Awards: And the Presenters Are...". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved April 17, 2014.
- Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 693
- "Goldwyn's Son to Produce Academy Awards Show". Observer–Reporter. Thomas Northrop. November 13, 1986. Retrieved 15 July 2014.
- Beck, Marilyn (March 20, 1987). "Paul Hogan at the Oscars: The Monologue, Please". Los Angeles Daily News. MediaNews Group. p. 4.
- Hartl, John (March 29, 1987). "The Academy Award Remain Live and Unpredictable". The Seattle Times. The Seattle Times Company. p. TV2.
- Ryan, Desmong (March 29, 1987). "Prescription For The Oscarcast Once Again, The Goal Is To Shorten And Sweeten The Annual Program". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia Media Network. p. 4.
- Kelley, Bill (March 31, 1987). "Academy Broadcast Committed Many Sins". Sun-Sentinel. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved July 18, 2014.
- Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 691
- Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 716
- Matthews, Jack (December 8, 1986). "Goldwyn Touch For Oscars". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved July 15, 2014.
- Osborne 2008, p. 387
- Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 694
- "1989 Academy Award Nominations and Winner for Best Picture". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- "1986 Domestic Grosses (as of February 10, 1987)". Box Office Mojo. Amazon.com. Retrieved May 25, 2014.
- Roberts, Jerry (March 31, 1987). "Tedium Overcomes Oscar's Best Efforts". Daily Breeze. MediaNews Group. p. A16.
- Shales, Tom (March 31, 1987). "Platoon' Seizes Oscar; Newman, Matlin Win; `Hannah` and `Room With A View' Take 3 Awards Each". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company. p. C1.
- Rickey, Carrie (April 1, 1987). "A Dull Start, And It Barely Rebounded Forget The Telecast: The Oscars Offer Hope For Hollywood Quality". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia Media Network. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- Hartl, John (March 31, 1987). "No Surprises, But a Good Oscar Show". The Seattle Times. The Seattle Times Company. p. F1.
- Maslin, Janet (April 1, 1987). "TV Review: Academy Awards Ceremony on ABC". The New York Times. The New York Times Company. Retrieved March 21, 2014.
- Beckett, Michael (March 31, 1987). "Little films were big winners and we went home happy". Orange County Register. Freedom Communications. p. C1.
- Gorman, Bill (March 8, 2010). "Academy Awards Averages 41.3 Million Viewers; Most Since 2005". TV by the Numbers (Tribune Media). Archived from the original on March 10, 2010. Retrieved March 12, 2010.
- Sharbutt, Jay (April 1, 1987). "Oscar Dunks NCAA". Los Angeles Times. Tribune Publishing. Retrieved February 25, 2014.
- Schwed, Mark (April 1, 1987). "Oscars Win Ratings War". The Bryan Times. Christopher Cullis. Retrieved July 16, 2014.
- Brill, Marlene Targ (2006). Illinois. New York, United States: Marshall Cavendish. ISBN 0-7614-1735-4.
- Osborne, Robert (2008). 80 Years of the Oscar: The Complete History of the Academy Awards. New York, United States: Abbeville Publishing Group. ISBN 0-7892-0992-6.
- Wiley, Mason; Bona, Damien (1996), Inside Oscar: The Unofficial History of the Academy Awards (5 ed.), New York, United States: Ballantine Books, ISBN 0-345-40053-4, OCLC 779680732
- Official websites
- Academy Awards Official website
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Official website
- Oscar's Channel at YouTube (run by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)
- Other resources