50th Academy Awards
|50th Academy Awards|
|Date||April 3, 1978|
|Site||Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles|
|Hosted by||Bob Hope|
|Produced by||Howard W. Koch|
|Directed by||Marty Pasetta|
|Best Picture||Annie Hall|
|Most awards||Star Wars (6)|
|Most nominations||Julia and The Turning Point (11)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 30 minutes|
31.1% (Nielsen ratings)
The 50th Academy Awards were held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion in Los Angeles, California on April 3, 1978. The ceremonies were presided over by Bob Hope, who hosted the awards for the nineteenth and last time.
Two of the year's biggest winners were Star Wars, which swept the technical categories by winning 6 out of its 10 nominations and a Special Achievement for Sound Effects Editing, and Annie Hall, winning 4 out of 5 nominations, including Best Picture, Best Actress and Best Director. The awards show was also notable for a very politically charged acceptance speech by Vanessa Redgrave.
The Turning Point set the record for the most nominations without a win (11), previously held by Peyton Place and The Little Foxes, which each had 9 nominations with no wins. This record, later tied by The Color Purple, still stands as of 2016.
For the first and only time to date, both Best Actor and Best Actress winners won for roles in two different romantic comedies.
The animated opening sequence, as well as promos for the Awards show, were designed by British graphic designer Harry Marks, who outsourced the animated sequences to Robert Abel and Associates. Marks also designed animated sequences for the top nominated categories, which weren't used for the final telecast.
Academy Honorary Awards
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
Debby Boone's performance of You Light Up My Life was accompanied by schoolgirls described as "affiliated with the John Tracy Clinic for the Deaf" interpreting the lyrics in sign language. After complaints that their signing was incomprehensible, it was revealed the girls were not deaf and had been taught rudimentary signing specifically for the performance. This prompted protests from the Alliance for Deaf Artists.
|“|| My dear colleagues, I thank you very much for this tribute to my work. I think that Jane Fonda and I have done the best work of our lives, and I think this is in part due to our director, Fred Zinnemann. [Audience applause.]
And I also think it's in part because we believed and we believe in what we were expressing--two out of millions who gave their lives and were prepared to sacrifice everything in the fight against fascist and racist Nazi Germany.
And I salute you, and I pay tribute to you, and I think you should be very proud that in the last few weeks you've stood firm, and you have refused to be intimidated by the threats of a small bunch of Zionist hoodlums [gasps from the audience, followed by a smattering of boos and clapping] whose behavior-- [continuation of booing until it quieted down] whose behavior is an insult to the stature of Jews all over the world and their great and heroic record of struggle against fascism and oppression. [General applause]
And I salute that record and I salute all of you for having stood firm and dealt a final blow against that period when Nixon and McCarthy launched a worldwide witch-hunt against those who tried to express in their lives and their work the truth that they believe in. [some boos and hissing] I salute you and I thank you and I pledge to you that I will continue to fight against anti-Semitism and fascism.
Two hours later, when it came his turn to announce the winners for the two Best Screenplay awards, Paddy Chayefsky, perturbed by what he perceived as "cracks about Jews" at the Academy Awards, replied:
|“|| Before I get on to the writing awards, there's a little matter I'd like to tidy up--at least if I expect to live with myself tomorrow morning. I would like to say, personal opinion, of course, that I'm sick and tired of people exploiting the occasion of the Academy Awards [loud applause] for the propagation of their own personal political propaganda. [Loud applause]
I would like to suggest to Miss Redgrave that her winning an Academy Award is not a pivotal moment in history, does not require a proclamation, and a simple 'thank you' would have sufficed. [Loud applause]
Presenters and performers
The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers.
|Simms, HankHank Simms||Announcer for the 50th annual Academy Awards|
|Koch, Howard W.Howard W. Koch (AMPAS President)||Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony|
|Davis, BetteBette Davis|
|Explained the voting rules to the public|
|Travolta, JohnJohn Travolta||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Hamill, MarkMark Hamill|
|Presenters of the Special Achievement Award|
|Foster, JodieJodie Foster|
|Presenters of the Short Subjects Awards|
|Holden, WilliamWilliam Holden|
|Presenters of the Sound Awards|
|Fontaine, JoanJoan Fontaine||Presenter of the award for Best Visual Effects|
|Douglas, KirkKirk Douglas|
|Presenters of the Documentary Awards|
|Williams, Billy DeeBilly Dee Williams||Presenter of the Scientific & Technical Awards|
|Garson, GreerGreer Garson|
|Presenters of the award of Best Art Direction|
|Saint, Eva MarieEva Marie Saint|
|Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Caine, MichaelMichael Caine|
|Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Wood, NatalieNatalie Wood||Presenter of the award for Best Costume Design|
|Green, JohnnyJohnny Green|
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Score|
|Hawn, GoldieGoldie Hawn|
|Presenters of the award for Best Cinematography|
|Davis, BetteBette Davis||Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to Charlton Heston|
|de Havilland, OliviaOlivia de Havilland||Presenter of the Honorary Award to Margaret Booth|
|Fawcett, FarrahFarrah Fawcett|
|Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Astaire, FredFred Astaire||Presenter of the award for Best Original Song|
|Tyson, CicelyCicely Tyson|
|Presenters of the award for Best Director|
|Chayefsky, PaddyPaddy Chayefsky||Presenter of the awards for Best Original and Adapted Screenplay|
|Gaynor, JanetJanet Gaynor|
|Presenters of the award for Best Actress|
|Stallone, SylvesterSylvester Stallone||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Kramer, StanleyStanley Kramer||Presenter of the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award to Walter Mirisch|
|Nicholson, JackJack Nicholson||Presenter of the award for Best Picture|
|Riddle, NelsonNelson Riddle|| Musical arranger|
|Reynolds, DebbieDebbie Reynolds||Performer||"Look How Far We've Come"|
|Boone, DebbyDebby Boone||Performer||"You Light Up My Life" from You Light Up My Life|
|Loring, GloriaGloria Loring||Performer||"Candle on the Water" from Pete's Dragon and "Someone's Waiting for You" from The Rescuers|
| Davis Jr., SammySammy Davis Jr.|
|Performers||"Come Light the Candles"|
|Franklin, ArethaAretha Franklin||Performer||"Nobody Does It Better" from The Spy Who Loved Me|
|Powell, JaneJane Powell||Performer||"The Slipper and the Rose Waltz (He Danced with Me)" from The Slipper and the Rose|
|Academy Awards Chorus, Academy Awards Chorus||Performers||"That's Entertainment"|
Multiple nominations and awards
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
- Richard Carlson
- Zero Mostel
- Peter Finch
- Stephen Boyd
- Roberto Rossellini
- Howard Hawks
- Joan Crawford
- Bing Crosby
- Elvis Presley
- Groucho Marx
- Charlie Chaplin
- 1977 in film
- 20th Grammy Awards
- 29th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 30th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 31st British Academy Film Awards
- 32nd Tony Awards
- Bialik, Carl (February 26, 2008). "And the Oscar Goes to… Fewer TV Viewers". The Wall Street Journal.
- "The 50th Academy Awards (1978) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-10-05.
- Crouse, Richard (2005-10-22). Reel Winners: Movie Award Trivia. Dundurn. pp. 138–139. ISBN 9781770701991. Retrieved 6 November 2015.
- John Bradey, "The craft of the screenwriter", 1981. Page 57
- E! Online - 75 Years of Oscar - 1978
- IMDb: Academy Awards, USA: 1978
- filmsite.org: 1977 Academy Awards Winners and History
- Redgrave's 'Zionist Hoodlums' Speech Shocks Hollywood