Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay

Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay
Country United States
Presented by Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS)
First awarded 1929
Currently held by Adam McKay
Charles Randolph
The Big Short (2015)
Official website

The Academy Award for Best Adapted Screenplay is one of the Academy Awards, the most prominent film awards in the United States. It is awarded each year to the writer of a screenplay adapted from another source (usually a novel, play, short story, or TV show but sometimes another film). All sequels are automatically considered adaptations by this standard (since the sequel must be based on the original story).

See also the Academy Award for Best Original Screenplay, a similar award for screenplays that are not adaptations.


The first person to win twice in this category is Joseph L. Mankiewicz, who won the award in two consecutive years, 1950 and 1951. Others to win twice in this category include: George Seaton, Robert Bolt (who also won in consecutive years), Francis Ford Coppola, Mario Puzo, Alvin Sargent, Ruth Prawer Jhabvala, Alexander Payne and Michael Wilson. Payne won both awards as part of a writing duo, with Jim Taylor, and writing trio, with Jim Rash and Nat Faxon. Michael Wilson was blacklisted at the time of his second Oscar, so the award was given to a front (novelist Pierre Boulle). However, the Academy officially recognized him as the winner several years later.[1]

Frances Marion was the first woman to win in this category, in 1930.

Pierre Collings and Sheridan Gibney were the first to win for adapting their own work, for The Life of Emile Zola.

Philip G. Epstein and Julius J. Epstein are the first siblings to win in this category, for Casablanca. James Goldman and William Goldman are the first to win for separate films. Joel Coen and Ethan Coen are the third winning siblings, for No Country for Old Men.

Mario Puzo is the one of two writers whose work has been adapted and resulted in two wins. Puzo's novel The Godfather resulted in wins in 1972 and 1974. The other is E. M. Forster, whose novels A Room with a View and Howards End resulted in wins for Ruth Prawer Jhabvala.

Larry McMurtry is the only person who has won (for Brokeback Mountain) for adapting someone else's work and whose work has been adapted by someone else resulting in a win, Terms of Endearment.

Emma Thompson is the only winner who has also won for acting.[2] Winners Billy Bob Thornton and John Huston have only received nominations (not wins) in the acting categories.

Peter Jackson and Fran Walsh are the only married couple to win, for The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King.

Geoffrey S. Fletcher (for Precious) and John Ridley (for 12 Years a Slave) are the only African-Americans to win in this category; Fletcher is also the first African-American to win in any writing category.

Billy Wilder, Charles Brackett, Francis Ford Coppola, Horton Foote, William Goldman, Bo Goldman and the Coen brothers have won Oscars for both original and adapted screenplays.

Notable nominees

Noted novelists and playwrights nominated in this category include: George Bernard Shaw (who shared an award for an adaptation of his play Pygmalion), Graham Greene, Tennessee Williams, Vladimir Nabokov, James Hilton, Dashiell Hammett, Raymond Chandler, Lillian Hellman, Irwin Shaw, James Agee, Norman Corwin, S. J. Perelman, Terence Rattigan, John Osborne, Robert Bolt, Harold Pinter, David Mamet, Larry McMurtry, Arthur Miller, John Irving, David Hare and Tony Kushner.

Winners and nominees

Winners are listed first in colored row, followed by the other nominees.


Year Film Screenwriter(s) Adapted from
Seventh Heaven Benjamin Glazer The play Seventh Heaven by Austin Strong
Glorious Betsy Anthony Coldeway The play Glorious Betsy by Rida Johnson Young
The Jazz Singer Alfred A. Cohn The play The Jazz Singer by Samson Raphaelson, from his story "The Day of Atonement"
The Patriot Hanns Kräly Ashley Dukes' translation of the play Der Patriot by Alfred Neumann
The story "Paul I" by Dmitry Merezhkovsky
The Cop Elliott J. Clawson
In Old Arizona Tom Barry The story "The Caballero's Way" by O. Henry
The Last of Mrs. Cheyney Hanns Kräly The play The Last of Mrs. Cheyney by Frederick Lonsdale
The Leatherneck Elliott J. Clawson
Our Dancing Daughters Josephine Lovett
Sal of Singapore Elliott J. Clawson The story "The Sentimentalists" by Dale Collins
Skyscraper Elliott J. Clawson A story by Dudley Murphy
The Valiant Tom Barry The play The Valiant by Halworthy Hall and Robert Middlemass
A Woman of Affairs Bess Meredyth The novel The Green Hat by Michael Arlen
Wonder of Women Bess Meredyth The novel Die Frau des Steffen Tromholt by Hermann Sudermann


Year Film Screenwriter(s) Adapted from
The Big House Frances Marion
All Quiet on the Western Front Maxwell Anderson (adaptation/dialogue)
George Abbott (screenplay)
Del Andrews (adaptation)
The novel All Quiet on the Western Front by Erich Maria Remarque
Disraeli Julien Josephson The play Disraeli by Louis N. Parker
The Divorcee John Meehan The novel Ex-Wife by Ursula Parrott
Street of Chance Howard Estabrook A story by Oliver H. P. Garrett
Cimarron Howard Estabrook The novel Cimarron by Edna Ferber
The Criminal Code Seton I. Miller
Fred Niblo Jr.
The play The Criminal Code by Martin Flavin
Holiday Horace Jackson The play Holiday by Philip Barry
Little Caesar Francis Edward Faragoh (screen version/dialogue)
Robert N. Lee (continuity)
The novel Little Caesar by William R. Burnett
Skippy Joseph L. Mankiewicz
Sam Mintz
The comic strip Skippy by Percy Crosby
Bad Girl Edwin J. Burke The novel Bad Girl by Viña Delmar
The play Bad Girl by Viña Delmar
Arrowsmith Sidney Howard The novel Arrowsmith by Sinclair Lewis
Dr. Jekyll and Mr. Hyde Percy Heath
Samuel Hoffenstein
The novel Strange Case of Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde by Robert Louis Stevenson
Little Women Victor Heerman
Sarah Y. Mason
The novel Little Women by Louisa May Alcott
Lady for a Day Robert Riskin The story "Madame la Gimp" by Damon Runyon
State Fair Paul Green
Sonya Levien
The novel State Fair by Phil Stong
It Happened One Night Robert Riskin The story "Night Bus" by Samuel Hopkins Adams
The Thin Man Albert Hackett
Frances Goodrich
The novel The Thin Man by Dashiell Hammett
Viva Villa! Ben Hecht The book Viva Villa! by Edgecumb Pinchon and O. B. Stade
The Informer Dudley Nichols (declined) The novel The Informer by Liam O'Flaherty
The Lives of a Bengal Lancer Waldemar Young (screenplay)
John L. Balderston (screenplay)
Achmed Abdullah (screenplay)
Grover Jones (adaptation)
William Slavens McNutt (adaptation)
The novel The Lives of a Bengal Lancer by Francis Yeats-Brown
Mutiny on the Bounty Talbot Jennings
Jules Furthman
Carey Wilson
The novel Mutiny on the Bounty by Charles Nordhoff and James Norman Hall
Captain Blood (write-in candidate) (3rd) Casey Robinson The novel Captain Blood by Rafael Sabatini
The Story of Louis Pasteur Pierre Collings
Sheridan Gibney

After the Thin Man Frances Goodrich
Albert Hackett
A story by Dashiell Hammett
Dodsworth Sidney Howard The play Dodsworth by Sidney Howard, based on the novel Dodsworth by Sinclair Lewis
Mr. Deeds Goes to Town Robert Riskin The story "Opera Hat" by Clarence Budington Kelland
My Man Godfrey Morrie Ryskind
Eric Hatch
The story "1101 Park Avenue" by Eric Hatch
The Life of Emile Zola Heinz Herald
Geza Herczeg
Norman Reilly Raine
The book Zola and His Time by Matthew Josephson
The Awful Truth Viña Delmar The play The Awful Truth by Arthur Richman
Captains Courageous Marc Connelly
John Lee Mahin
Dale Van Every
The novel Captains Courageous by Rudyard Kipling
Stage Door Morrie Ryskind
Anthony Veiller
The play Stage Door by Edna Ferber and George S. Kaufman
A Star Is Born Dorothy Parker
Alan Campbell
Robert Carson
A story by William A. Wellman and Robert Carson
Pygmalion Ian Dalrymple
Cecil Lewis (scenario)
W. P. Lipscomb (scenario)
George Bernard Shaw (scenario and dialogue)
The play Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw
Boys Town John Meehan
Dore Schary
A story by Dore Schary and Eleanore Griffin
The Citadel Ian Dalrymple
Frank Wead
Elizabeth Hill
The novel The Citadel by A. J. Cronin
Four Daughters Lenore J. Coffee
Julius J. Epstein
The short story "Sister Act" by Fannie Hurst
You Can't Take It with You Robert Riskin The play You Can't Take It with You by George S. Kaufman and Moss Hart
Gone with the Wind Sidney Howard (posthumous win) The novel Gone with the Wind by Margaret Mitchell
Goodbye, Mr. Chips R. C. Sherriff
Claudine West
Eric Maschwitz
The novel Goodbye, Mr. Chips by James Hilton
Mr. Smith Goes to Washington Sidney Buchman A story by Lewis R. Foster
Ninotchka Charles Brackett
Billy Wilder
Walter Reisch
A story by Melchior Lengyel
Wuthering Heights Charles MacArthur
Ben Hecht
The novel Wuthering Heights by Emily Brontë


Year Film Screenwriter(s) Adapted from
The Philadelphia Story Donald Ogden Stewart The play The Philadelphia Story by Philip Barry
The Grapes of Wrath Nunnally Johnson The novel The Grapes of Wrath by John Steinbeck
Kitty Foyle: The Natural History of a Woman Dalton Trumbo The novel Kitty Foyle by Christopher Morley
The Long Voyage Home Dudley Nichols The short play The Moon of the Caribees, by Eugene O'Neill
The short play In the Zone by Eugene O'Neill
The short play Bound East for Cardiff by Eugene O'Neill
The short play The Long Voyage Home by Eugene O'Neill
Rebecca Robert E. Sherwood
Joan Harrison
The novel Rebecca by Daphne du Maurier
Here Comes Mr. Jordan Sidney Buchman
Seton I. Miller
The play Heaven Can Wait by Harry Segall
Hold Back the Dawn Charles Brackett
Billy Wilder
The story "Memo to a Movie Producer" by Ketti Frings
How Green Was My Valley Philip Dunne The novel How Green Was My Valley by Richard Llewellyn
The Little Foxes Lillian Hellman The play The Little Foxes by Lillian Hellman
The Maltese Falcon John Huston The novel The Maltese Falcon by Dashiell Hammett|-
Mrs. Miniver George Froeschel
James Hilton
Claudine West
Arthur Wimperis
The character Mrs. Miniver, from the newspaper columns by Jan Struther
49th Parallel Rodney Ackland
Emeric Pressburger
A story by Emeric Pressburger
The Pride of the Yankees Herman J. Mankiewicz
Jo Swerling
A story by Paul Gallico
Random Harvest George Froeschel
Claudine West
Arthur Wimperis
The novel Random Harvest by James Hilton
The Talk of the Town Sidney Buchman
Irwin Shaw
A story by Sidney Harmon
Casablanca Philip G. Epstein
Julius J. Epstein
Howard Koch
The play Everybody Comes to Rick's by Murray Burnett and Joan Alison
Holy Matrimony Nunnally Johnson The novel Buried Alive by Arnold Bennett
The More the Merrier Richard Flournoy
Lewis R. Foster
Frank Ross
Robert Russell
A story by Frank Ross and Robert Russell
The Song of Bernadette George Seaton The novel The Song of Bernadette by Franz Werfel
Watch on the Rhine Dashiell Hammett The play Watch on the Rhine by Lillian Hellman
Going My Way Frank Butler
Frank Cavett
A story by Leo McCarey
Double Indemnity Billy Wilder
Raymond Chandler
The novel Double Indemnity in Three of a Kind by James M. Cain
Gaslight John Van Druten
Walter Reisch
John L. Balderston
The play Angel Street by Patrick Hamilton
Laura Jay Dratler
Samuel Hoffenstein
Betty Reinhardt
The novel Laura by Vera Caspary
Meet Me in St. Louis Irving Brecher
Fred F. Finklehoffe
The novel Meet Me in St. Louis by Sally Benson
The Lost Weekend Charles Brackett
Billy Wilder
The novel The Lost Weekend by Charles R. Jackson
Mildred Pierce Ranald MacDougall The novel Mildred Pierce by James M. Cain
Pride of the Marines Albert Maltz The book Al Schmid, Marine by Roger Butterfield
Story of G.I. Joe Leopold Atlas
Guy Endore
Philip Stevenson
The book Brave Men by Ernie Pyle
The book Here Is Your War by Ernie Pyle
A Tree Grows in Brooklyn Frank Davis
Tess Slesinger (posthumous nomination)
The novel A Tree Grows in Brooklyn by Betty Smith
The Best Years of Our Lives Robert Sherwood The novel Glory for Me by MacKinlay Kantor
Anna and the King of Siam Sally Benson
Talbot Jennings
The novel Anna and the King of Siam by Margaret Landon
Brief Encounter Anthony Havelock-Allan
David Lean
Ronald Neame
The play Still Life by Noël Coward
The Killers Anthony Veiller The short story "The Killers" by Ernest Hemingway
Rome, Open City Sergio Amidei
Federico Fellini
A story by Sergio Amidei and Alberto Consiglio
Miracle on 34th Street George Seaton A story by Valentine Davies
Boomerang Sally Benson
Talbot Jennings
The Reader's Digest article by Anthony Abbot
Crossfire John Paxton The novel The Brick Foxhole by Richard Brooks
Gentleman's Agreement Moss Hart The novel Gentleman's Agreement by Laura Z. Hobson
Great Expectations David Lean
Ronald Neame
Anthony Havelock-Allan
The novel Great Expectations by Charles Dickens
The Treasure of the Sierra Madre John Huston The novel The Treasure of the Sierra Madre by B. Traven
A Foreign Affair Charles Brackett
Billy Wilder
Richard L. Breen
A story by David Shaw
Johnny Belinda Irma von Cube
Allen Vincent
The play Johnny Belinda by Elmer Blaney Harris
The Search Richard Schweizer
David Wechsler

The Snake Pit Frank Partos
Millen Brand
The novel The Snake Pit by Mary Jane Ward
A Letter to Three Wives Joseph L. Mankiewicz The novel Letter to Five Wives by John Klempner
All the King's Men Robert Rossen The novel All the King's Men by Robert Penn Warren
The Bicycle Thief Cesare Zavattini The novel Bicycle Thief by Luigi Bartolini
Champion Carl Foreman The short story "Champion" by Ring Lardner
The Fallen Idol Graham Greene The short story "The Basement Room" by Graham Greene


Year Film Screenwriter(s) Adapted from
All About Eve Joseph L. Mankiewicz The short story "The Wisdom of Eve" by Mary Orr
The Asphalt Jungle Ben Maddow
John Huston
The novel The Asphalt Jungle by W. R. Burnett
Born Yesterday Albert Mannheimer The play Born Yesterday by Garson Kanin
Broken Arrow Albert Maltz (front: Michael Blankfort) The novel Blood Brother by Elliott Arnold
Father of the Bride Frances Goodrich
Albert Hackett
The novel Father of the Bride by Edward Streeter
A Place in the Sun Harry Brown
Michael Wilson
The novel An American Tragedy by Theodore Dreiser
The play An American Tragedy by Patrick Kearney
The African Queen James Agee
John Huston
The novel The African Queen by C. S. Forester
Detective Story Robert Wyler
Philip Yordan
The play Detective Story by Sidney Kingsley
La Ronde Jacques Natanson
Max Ophüls
The play Reigen by Arthur Schnitzler
A Streetcar Named Desire Tennessee Williams The play A Streetcar Named Desire by Tennessee Williams
The Bad and the Beautiful Charles Schnee The story "Tribute to a Badman" by George Bradshaw
5 Fingers Michael Wilson The novel Operation Cicero by Ludwig Carl Moyzisch
High Noon Carl Foreman The story "The Tin Star" by John W. Cunningham
The Man in the White Suit John Dighton
Roger MacDougall
Alexander Mackendrick
The play The Man in the White Suit by Roger MacDougall
The Quiet Man Frank S. Nugent The story "Green Rushes" by Maurice Walsh
From Here to Eternity Daniel Taradash The novel From Here to Eternity by James Jones
The Cruel Sea Eric Ambler The novel The Cruel Sea by Nicholas Monsarrat
Lili Helen Deutsch The story "Love of Seven Dolls" by Paul Gallico
Roman Holiday Ian McLellan Hunter
John Dighton
A story by Dalton Trumbo (front: Ian McLellan Hunter)
Shane A. B. Guthrie Jr. The novel Shane by Jack Schaefer
The Country Girl George Seaton The play The Country Girl by Clifford Odets
The Caine Mutiny Stanley Roberts The novel The Caine Mutiny by Herman Wouk
Rear Window John Michael Hayes The story "It Had to Be Murder" by Cornell Woolrich
Sabrina Billy Wilder
Samuel Taylor
Ernest Lehman
The novel Sabrina Fair by Samuel Taylor
Seven Brides for Seven Brothers Albert Hackett
Frances Goodrich
Dorothy Kingsley
The story "The Sobbin' Women" by Stephen Vincent Benét
Marty Paddy Chayefsky The teleplay Marty, written by Paddy Chayefsky
Bad Day at Black Rock Millard Kaufman The short story "Bad Time at Honda" by Howard Breslin
Blackboard Jungle Richard Brooks The novel Blackboard Jungle by Evan Hunter
East of Eden Paul Osborn The novel East of Eden by John Steinbeck
Love Me or Leave Me Daniel Fuchs
Isobel Lennart
A story by Daniel Fuchs
Around the World in 80 Days John Farrow
S. J. Perelman
James Poe
The novel Around the World in Eighty Days by Jules Verne
Baby Doll Tennessee Williams The short play Twenty-seven Wagons Full of Cotton by Tennessee Williams
The short play The Unsatisfactory Supper by Tennessee Williams
Friendly Persuasion Michael Wilson (withdrawn from final ballot)[8] The novel The Friendly Persuasion by Jessamyn West
Giant Fred Guiol
Ivan Moffat
The novel Giant by Edna Ferber
Lust for Life Norman Corwin The novel Lust for Life by Irving Stone
The Bridge on the River Kwai Pierre Boulle
Carl Foreman (front: Pierre Boulle)
Michael Wilson (front: Pierre Boulle)[1][10]
The novel The Bridge over the River Kwai by Pierre Boulle
Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison John Huston
John Lee Mahin
The novel Heaven Knows, Mr. Allison by Charles Shaw
Peyton Place John Michael Hayes The novel Peyton Place by Grace Metalious
Sayonara Paul Osborn The novel Sayonara by James Michener
12 Angry Men Reginald Rose The teleplay Twelve Angry Men, written by Reginald Rose
Gigi Alan Jay Lerner The novella Gigi by Colette
Cat on a Hot Tin Roof Richard Brooks
James Poe
The play Cat on a Hot Tin Roof by Tennessee Williams
The Horse's Mouth Alec Guinness The novel The Horse's Mouth by Joyce Cary
I Want to Live! Nelson Gidding
Don Mankiewicz
Articles by Ed Montgomery
Letters by Barbara Graham
Separate Tables John Gay
Terence Rattigan
The play Separate Tables by Terence Rattigan
Room at the Top Neil Paterson The novel Room at the Top by John Braine
Anatomy of a Murder Wendell Mayes The novel Anatomy of a Murder by Robert Traver
Ben-Hur Karl Tunberg The novel Ben-Hur: A Tale of the Christ by General Lew Wallace
The Nun's Story Robert Anderson The novel The Nun's Story by Kathryn Hulme
Some Like It Hot Billy Wilder
I. A. L. Diamond
A story suggested by Robert Thoeren and M. Logan


Year Film Screenwriter(s) Adapted from
Elmer Gantry Richard Brooks The novel Elmer Gantry by Sinclair Lewis
Inherit the Wind Nedrick Young (front: Nathan E. Douglas)[11]
Harold Jacob Smith
The play Inherit the Wind by Jerome Lawrence and Robert Edwin Lee
Sons and Lovers Gavin Lambert
T. E. B. Clarke
The novel Sons and Lovers by D. H. Lawrence
The Sundowners Isobel Lennart The novel The Sundowners by Jon Cleary
Tunes of Glory James Kennaway The novel Tunes of Glory by James Kennaway
Judgment at Nuremberg Abby Mann The teleplay Judgment at Nuremberg, written by Abby Mann
Breakfast at Tiffany's George Axelrod The novella Breakfast at Tiffany's by Truman Capote
The Guns of Navarone Carl Foreman The novel The Guns of Navarone by Alistair MacLean
The Hustler Sydney Carroll
Robert Rossen
The novel The Hustler by Walter Tevis
West Side Story Ernest Lehman The play West Side Story, book by Arthur Laurents, lyrics by Stephen Sondheim
To Kill a Mockingbird Horton Foote The novel To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee
David and Lisa Eleanor Perry The story "Lisa and David" by Theodore Isaac Rubin
Lawrence of Arabia Robert Bolt
Michael Wilson (not on original ballot)[12]
The writings of T. E. Lawrence
Lolita Vladimir Nabokov The novel Lolita by Vladimir Nabokov
The Miracle Worker William Gibson The play The Miracle Worker by William Gibson
Tom Jones John Osborne The novel The History of Tom Jones, a Foundling by Henry Fielding
Captain Newman, M.D. Richard L. Breen
Henry Ephron
Phoebe Ephron
The novel Captain Newman, M.D. by Leo Rosten
Hud Irving Ravetch
Harriet Frank Jr.
The novel Horseman, Pass By by Larry McMurtry
Lilies of the Field James Poe The novel Lilies of the Field by William E. Barrett
Sundays and Cybele Serge Bourguignon (scenario/dialogue)
Antoine Tudal (scenario)
The novel Les Dimanches de Ville d'Avray by Bernard Eschassériaux
Becket Edward Anhalt The play Becket by Jean Anouilh
Dr. Strangelove or: How I Learned to Stop Worrying and Love the Bomb Stanley Kubrick
Terry Southern
Peter George
The novel Red Alert by Peter George
Mary Poppins Bill Walsh
Don DaGradi
The Mary Poppins series by P. L. Travers
My Fair Lady Alan Jay Lerner The play My Fair Lady, book by Alan Jay Lerner
The play Pygmalion by George Bernard Shaw
Zorba the Greek Michael Cacoyannis The novel The Life of Alexis Zorba by Nikos Kazantzakis
Doctor Zhivago Robert Bolt The novel Doctor Zhivago by Boris Pasternak
Cat Ballou Walter Newman
Frank R. Pierson
The novel The Ballad of Cat Ballou by Roy Chanslor
The Collector Stanley Mann
John Kohn
The novel The Collector by John Fowles
Ship of Fools Abby Mann The novel Ship of Fools by Katherine Anne Porter
A Thousand Clowns Herb Gardner The play A Thousand Clowns by Herb Gardner
A Man for All Seasons Robert Bolt The play A Man for All Seasons by Robert Bolt
Alfie Bill Naughton The play Alfie by Bill Naughton
The Professionals Richard Brooks The novel A Mule for the Marquesa by Frank O'Rourke
The Russians Are Coming, the Russians Are Coming William Rose The novel Off-Islanders by Nathaniel Benchley
Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? Ernest Lehman The play Who's Afraid of Virginia Woolf? by Edward Albee
In the Heat of the Night Stirling Silliphant The novel In the Heat of the Night by John Ball
Cool Hand Luke Donn Pearce
Frank R. Pierson
The novel Cool Hand Luke by Donn Pearce
The Graduate Calder Willingham
Buck Henry
The novel The Graduate by Charles Webb
In Cold Blood Richard Brooks The novel In Cold Blood by Truman Capote
Ulysses Joseph Strick
Fred Haines
The novel Ulysses by James Joyce
The Lion in Winter James Goldman The play The Lion in Winter by James Goldman
The Odd Couple Neil Simon The play The Odd Couple by Neil Simon
Oliver! Vernon Harris The musical Oliver!, book by Lionel Bart
The novel Oliver Twist by Charles Dickens
Rachel, Rachel Stewart Stern The novel A Jest of God by Margaret Laurence
Rosemary's Baby Roman Polanski The novel Rosemary's Baby by Ira Levin
Midnight Cowboy Waldo Salt The novel Midnight Cowboy by James Leo Herlihy
Anne of the Thousand Days John Hale (writer)
Bridget Boland (writer)
Richard Sokolove (adaptation)
The play Anne of the Thousand Days by Maxwell Anderson
Goodbye, Columbus Arnold Schulman The novel Goodbye, Columbus by Philip Roth
They Shoot Horses, Don't They? James Poe
Robert E. Thompson
The novel They Shoot Horses, Don't They? by Horace McCoy
Z Jorge Semprún
The novel Z by Vassilis Vassilikos


Year Film Screenwriter(s) Adapted from
M*A*S*H Ring Lardner Jr. The novel MASH: A Novel About Three Army Doctors by Richard Hooker
Airport George Seaton The novel Airport by Arthur Hailey
I Never Sang for My Father Robert Anderson The play I Never Sang for My Father by Robert Anderson
Lovers and Other Strangers Joseph Bologna
David Zelag Goodman
Renée Taylor
The play Lovers and Other Strangers by Joseph Bologna and Renée Taylor
Women in Love Larry Kramer The novel Women in Love by D. H. Lawrence
The French Connection Ernest Tidyman The book The French Connection: A True Account of Cops, Narcotics, and International Conspiracy by Robin Moore
A Clockwork Orange Stanley Kubrick The novel A Clockwork Orange by Anthony Burgess
The Conformist Bernardo Bertolucci The novel Il Conformista by Alberto Moravia
The Garden of the Finzi Continis Ugo Pirro
Vittorio Bonicelli
The novel The Garden of the Finzi-Continis by Giorgio Bassani
The Last Picture Show Larry McMurtry
Peter Bogdanovich
The novel The Last Picture Show by Larry McMurtry
The Godfather Mario Puzo
Francis Ford Coppola
The novel The Godfather by Mario Puzo
Cabaret Jay Presson Allen The musical Cabaret, book by Joe Masteroff
The Emigrants Bengt Forslund
Jan Troell
The novel The Emigrants by Vilhelm Moberg
The novel Unto a Good Land by Vilhelm Moberg
Pete 'n' Tillie Julius J. Epstein The story "Witch's Milk" by Peter De Vries
Sounder Lonne Elder III The novel Sounder by William H. Armstrong
The Exorcist William Peter Blatty The novel The Exorcist by William Peter Blatty
The Last Detail Robert Towne The novel The Last Detail by Darryl Ponicsan
The Paper Chase James Bridges The novel The Paper Chase by John Jay Osborn, Jr.
Paper Moon Alvin Sargent The novel Addie Pray by Joe David Brown
Serpico Waldo Salt
Norman Wexler
The book Serpico by Peter Maas
The Godfather Part II Francis Ford Coppola
Mario Puzo
The novel The Godfather by Mario Puzo
The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz Lionel Chetwynd (adaptation)
Mordecai Richler (novel)
The novel The Apprenticeship of Duddy Kravitz by Mordecai Richler
Lenny Julian Barry The play Lenny by Julian Barry
Murder on the Orient Express Paul Dehn The novel Murder on the Orient Express by Agatha Christie
Young Frankenstein Gene Wilder
Mel Brooks
The novel Frankenstein by Mary Shelley
One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest Bo Goldman
Laurence Hauben
The novel One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest by Ken Kesey
Barry Lyndon Stanley Kubrick The novel The Memoirs of Barry Lyndon, Esq. by William Makepeace Thackeray
The Man Who Would Be King John Huston
Gladys Hill
The story "The Man Who Would Be King" by Rudyard Kipling
Profumo di donna Ruggero Maccari
Dino Risi
The novel Il buio e il mare by Giovanni Arpino
The Sunshine Boys Neil Simon The play The Sunshine Boys by Neil Simon
All the President's Men William Goldman The book All the President's Men by Carl Bernstein and Bob Woodward
Bound for Glory Robert Getchell The book Bound for Glory by Woody Guthrie
Fellini's Casanova Federico Fellini
Bernardino Zapponi
The autobiography Histoire de ma vie by Giacomo Casanova
The Seven-Per-Cent Solution Nicholas Meyer The novel The Seven-Per-Cent Solution by Nicholas Meyer
Voyage of the Damned David Butler
Steve Shagan
The book Voyage of the Damned by Gordon Thomas; co-authored by Max Morgan Witts
Julia Alvin Sargent The novel Pentimento by Lillian Hellman
Equus Peter Shaffer The play Equus by Peter Shaffer
I Never Promised You a Rose Garden Gavin Lambert
Lewis John Carlino
The novel I Never Promised You a Rose Garden by Hannah Greene
Oh, God! Larry Gelbart The novel Oh, God! by Avery Corman
That Obscure Object of Desire Luis Buñuel (scenario)
Jean-Claude Carrière (collaboration)
The novel La Femme et le pantin by Pierre Louÿs
Midnight Express Oliver Stone The book Midnight Express by Billy Hayes and William Hoffer
Bloodbrothers Walter Newman The novel Bloodbrothers by Richard Price
California Suite Neil Simon The play California Suite by Neil Simon
Heaven Can Wait Elaine May
Warren Beatty
The play Heaven Can Wait by Harry Segall
Same Time, Next Year Bernard Slade The play Same Time, Next Year by Bernard Slade
Kramer vs. Kramer Robert Benton The novel Kramer vs. Kramer by Avery Corman
Apocalypse Now John Milius
Francis Ford Coppola
The novel Heart of Darkness by Joseph Conrad
La Cage aux folles Marcello Danon
Édouard Molinaro
Jean Poiret
Francis Veber
The play La Cage aux Folles by Jean Poiret
A Little Romance Allan Burns The novel E=MC2 mon amour by Patrick Cauvin
Norma Rae Harriet Frank Jr.
Irving Ravetch
The book Crystal Lee, a Woman of Inheritance by Hank Leiferman


Year Film Screenwriter(s) Adapted from
Ordinary People Alvin Sargent The novel Ordinary People by Judith Guest
Breaker Morant Jonathan Hardy
David Stevens
Bruce Beresford
The play Breaker Morant by Kenneth G. Ross
Coal Miner's Daughter Tom Rickman The book Coal Miner's Daughter by Loretta Lynn and George Vecsey
The Elephant Man Christopher De Vore
Eric Bergren
David Lynch
The book The Elephant Man and Other Reminiscences by Sir Frederick Treves
The book The Elephant Man: A Study in Human Dignity by Ashley Montagu
The Stunt Man Lawrence B. Marcus (screenplay)
Richard Rush (adaptation)
The novel The Stunt Man by Paul Brodeur
On Golden Pond Ernest Thompson The play On Golden Pond by Ernest Thompson
The French Lieutenant's Woman Harold Pinter The novel The French Lieutenant's Woman by John Fowles
Pennies from Heaven Dennis Potter The television miniseries Pennies from Heaven, written by Dennis Potter
Prince of the City Jay Presson Allen
Sidney Lumet
The book Prince of the City: The True Story of a Cop Who Knew Too Much by Robert Daley
Ragtime Michael Weller The novel Ragtime by E. L. Doctorow
Missing Costa-Gavras
Donald E. Stewart
The book The Execution of Charles Horman: An American Sacrifice by Thomas Hauser
Das Boot Wolfgang Petersen The novel Das Boot by Lothar G. Buchheim
Sophie's Choice Alan J. Pakula The novel Sophie's Choice by William Styron
The Verdict David Mamet The novel The Verdict by Barry Reed
Victor/Victoria Blake Edwards The film Viktor und Viktoria, written by Reinhold Schünzel
Terms of Endearment James L. Brooks The novel Terms of Endearment by Larry McMurtry
Betrayal Harold Pinter The play Betrayal by Harold Pinter
The Dresser Ronald Harwood The play The Dresser by Ronald Harwood
Educating Rita Willy Russell The play Educating Rita by Willy Russell
Reuben, Reuben Julius J. Epstein The play Spofford by Herman Shumlin
Amadeus Peter Shaffer The play Amadeus by Peter Shaffer
Greystoke: The Legend of Tarzan, Lord of the Apes P.H. Vazak[15]
Michael Austin
The novel Tarzan of the Apes by Edgar Rice Burroughs
The Killing Fields Bruce Robinson The article "The Death and Life of Dith Pran" by Sydney Schanberg
A Passage to India David Lean The novel A Passage to India by E. M. Forster
A Soldier's Story Charles Fuller The play A Soldier's Play by Charles Fuller
Out of Africa Kurt Luedtke The memoir Out of Africa by Isak Dinesen
The book Silence Will Speak by Errol Trzebinski
The book Isak Dinesen: The Life of a Storyteller by Judith Thurman
The Color Purple Menno Meyjes The novel The Color Purple by Alice Walker
Kiss of the Spider Woman Leonard Schrader The novel Kiss of the Spider Woman by Manuel Puig
Prizzi's Honor Richard Condon
Janet Roach
The novel Prizzi's Honor by Richard Condon
The Trip to Bountiful Horton Foote The teleplay play The Trip to Bountiful, written by Horton Foote
A Room with a View Ruth Prawer Jhabvala The novel A Room with a View by E.M. Forster
Children of a Lesser God Hesper Anderson
Mark Medoff
The play Children of a Lesser God by Mark Medoff
The Color of Money Richard Price The novel The Color of Money by Walter Tevis
Crimes of the Heart Beth Henley The play Crimes of the Heart by Beth Henley
Stand by Me Raynold Gideon
Bruce A. Evans
The novella The Body by Stephen King
The Last Emperor Bernardo Bertolucci
Mark Peploe
The autobiography From Emperor to Citizen: The Autobiography of Aisin-Gioro Pu Yi by Henry Pu Yi
The Dead Tony Huston The short story "The Dead" by James Joyce
Fatal Attraction James Dearden The teleplay Diversion, written by James Dearden
Full Metal Jacket Gustav Hasford
Michael Herr
Stanley Kubrick
The novel The Short-Timers by Gustav Hasford
My Life as a Dog Brasse Brännström
Per Berglund
Lasse Hallström
Reidar Jönsson
The novel Mitt liv som hund by Reidar Jönsson
Dangerous Liaisons Christopher Hampton The play Les Liaisons Dangereuses by Christopher Hampton from the novel of the same name by Pierre Choderlos de Laclos
The Accidental Tourist Frank Galati
Lawrence Kasdan
The novel The Accidental Tourist by Anne Tyler
Gorillas in the Mist: The Story of Dian Fossey Anna Hamilton Phelan (story/screenplay)
Tab Murphy (story)
An article by Harold T.P. Hayes
Little Dorrit Christine Edzard The novel Little Dorrit by Charles Dickens
The Unbearable Lightness of Being Jean-Claude Carrière
Philip Kaufman
The novel The Unbearable Lightness of Being by Milan Kundera
Driving Miss Daisy Alfred Uhry The play Driving Miss Daisy by Alfred Uhry
Born on the Fourth of July Ron Kovic
Oliver Stone
The book Born on the Fourth of July by Ron Kovic
Enemies, A Love Story Paul Mazursky
Roger L. Simon
The novel Enemies, a Love Story by Isaac Bashevis Singer
Field of Dreams Phil Alden Robinson The novel Shoeless Joe by W. P. Kinsella
My Left Foot Shane Connaughton
Jim Sheridan
The book My Left Foot by Christy Brown


Year Film Screenwriter(s) Adapted from
Dances with Wolves Michael Blake The novel Dances with Wolves by Michael Blake
Awakenings Steven Zaillian The book Awakenings by Oliver Sacks
Goodfellas Nicholas Pileggi
Martin Scorsese
The book Wiseguy by Nicholas Pileggi
The Grifters Donald E. Westlake The novel The Grifters by Jim Thompson
Reversal of Fortune Nicholas Kazan The book Reversal of Fortune: Inside the von Bülow Case by Alan M. Dershowitz
The Silence of the Lambs Ted Tally The novel The Silence of the Lambs by Thomas Harris
Europa Europa Agnieszka Holland The book I Was Hitler Youth Salomon by Solomon Perel
Fried Green Tomatoes Fannie Flagg
Carol Sobieski (posthumous nomination)
The novel Fried Green Tomatoes at the Whistle Stop Cafe by Fannie Flagg
JFK Oliver Stone
Zachary Sklar
The book Crossfire: The Plot That Killed Kennedy by Jim Marrs
the book On the Trail of the Assassins by Jim Garrison
The Prince of Tides Pat Conroy
Becky Johnston
The novel The Prince of Tides by Pat Conroy
Howards End Ruth Prawer Jhabvala The novel Howards End by E.M. Forster
Enchanted April Peter Barnes The novel The Enchanted April by Elizabeth von Arnim
The Player Michael Tolkin The novel The Player by Michael Tolkin
A River Runs Through It Richard Friedenberg The short story "A River Runs Through It" by Norman Maclean
Scent of a Woman Bo Goldman The novel Il Buio E Il Miele by Giovanni Arpino
The film Profumo di Donna, written by Ruggero Maccari and Dino Risi
Schindler's List Steven Zaillian The novel Schindler's Ark by Thomas Keneally
The Age of Innocence Jay Cocks
Martin Scorsese
The novel The Age of Innocence by Edith Wharton
In the Name of the Father Terry George
Jim Sheridan
The book Proved Innocent by Gerry Conlon
The Remains of the Day Ruth Prawer Jhabvala The novel The Remains of the Day by Kazuo Ishiguro
Shadowlands William Nicholson The play Shadowlands by William Nicholson
Forrest Gump Eric Roth The novel Forrest Gump by Winston Groom
The Madness of King George Alan Bennett The play The Madness of George III by Alan Bennett
Nobody's Fool Robert Benton The novel Nobody's Fool by Richard Russo
Quiz Show Paul Attanasio The book Remembering America: A Voice from the Sixties by Richard N. Goodwin
The Shawshank Redemption Frank Darabont The short story "Rita Hayworth and Shawshank Redemption" by Stephen King
Sense and Sensibility Emma Thompson The novel Sense and Sensibility by Jane Austen
Apollo 13 William Broyles Jr.
Al Reinert
The book Lost Moon by Jim Lovell and Jeffrey Kluger
Babe George Miller
Chris Noonan
The novel The Sheep-Pig by Dick King-Smith
Leaving Las Vegas Mike Figgis The novel Leaving Las Vegas by John O'Brien
Il Postino Anna Pavignano (screenplay)
Michael Radford (screenplay)
Furio Scarpelli (story/screenplay)
Giacomo Scarpelli (story/screenplay)
Massimo Troisi (screenplay) (posthumous nomination)
The novel Ardiente Paciencia by Antonio Skármeta
Sling Blade Billy Bob Thornton The short film Some Folks Call It a Sling Blade, written by Billy Bob Thornton
The Crucible Arthur Miller The play The Crucible by Arthur Miller
The English Patient Anthony Minghella The novel The English Patient by Michael Ondaatje
Hamlet Kenneth Branagh The play Hamlet by William Shakespeare
Trainspotting John Hodge The novel Trainspotting by Irvine Welsh
L.A. Confidential Curtis Hanson
Brian Helgeland
The novel L.A. Confidential by James Ellroy
Donnie Brasco Paul Attanasio The book Donnie Brasco: My Undercover Life in the Mafia by Joseph D. Pistone and Richard Woodley
The Sweet Hereafter Atom Egoyan The novel The Sweet Hereafter by Russell Banks
Wag the Dog Hilary Henkin
David Mamet
The novel American Hero by Larry Beinhart
The Wings of the Dove Hossein Amini The novel The Wings of the Dove by Henry James
Gods and Monsters Bill Condon The novel Father of Frankenstein by Christopher Bram
Out of Sight Scott Frank The novel Out of Sight by Elmore Leonard
Primary Colors Elaine May The novel Primary Colors by Joe Klein
A Simple Plan Scott Smith The novel A Simple Plan by Scott Smith
The Thin Red Line Terrence Malick The novel The Thin Red Line by James Jones
The Cider House Rules John Irving The novel The Cider House Rules by John Irving
Election Alexander Payne
Jim Taylor
The novel Election by Tom Perrotta
The Green Mile Frank Darabont The novel The Green Mile by Stephen King
The Insider Michael Mann
Eric Roth
The article "The Man Who Knew Too Much" by Marie Brenner
The Talented Mr. Ripley Anthony Minghella The novel The Talented Mr. Ripley by Patricia Highsmith


Year Film Screenwriter(s) Adapted from
Traffic Stephen Gaghan The teleplay Traffik, written by Simon Moore
Chocolat Robert Nelson Jacobs The novel Chocolat by Joanne Harris
Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon Hui-Ling Wang
James Schamus
Kuo Jung Tsai
The novel Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon by Wang Dulu
O Brother, Where Art Thou? Joel Coen
Ethan Coen
The epic poem The Odyssey by Homer
Wonder Boys Steve Kloves The book Wonder Boys by Michael Chabon
A Beautiful Mind Akiva Goldsman The book A Beautiful Mind by Sylvia Nasar
Ghost World Daniel Clowes
Terry Zwigoff
The graphic novel Ghost World by Daniel Clowes
In the Bedroom Todd Field
Rob Festinger
The short story Killings by Andre Dubus
The Lord of the Rings: The Fellowship of the Ring Fran Walsh
Philippa Boyens
Peter Jackson
The novel The Fellowship of the Ring by J. R. R. Tolkien
Shrek Ted Elliott
Terry Rossio
Joe Stillman
Roger S. H. Schulman
The picture book Shrek! by William Steig
The Pianist Ronald Harwood The book The Pianist by Władysław Szpilman
About a Boy Peter Hedges
Chris Weitz
Paul Weitz
The novel About a Boy by Nick Hornby
Adaptation. Charlie Kaufman
Donald Kaufman
The book The Orchid Thief by Susan Orlean
Chicago Bill Condon The musical play Chicago, book by Bob Fosse and Fred Ebb
The Hours David Hare The novel The Hours by Michael Cunningham
The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King Fran Walsh
Philippa Boyens
Peter Jackson
The novel The Return of the King by J. R. R. Tolkien
American Splendor Shari Springer Berman
Robert Pulcini
The comic book series American Splendor by Harvey Pekar
The comic book series Our Cancer Year by Joyce Brabner
City of God Bráulio Mantovani The novel City of God by Paulo Lins
Mystic River Brian Helgeland The novel Mystic River by Dennis Lehane
Seabiscuit Gary Ross The book Seabiscuit: An American Legend by Laura Hillenbrand
Sideways Alexander Payne
Jim Taylor
The novel Sideways by Rex Pickett
Before Sunset Richard Linklater (story/screenplay)
Kim Krizan (story)
Julie Delpy (screenplay)
Ethan Hawke (screenplay)
Characters from the film Before Sunrise, written by Richard Linklater and Kim Krizan
Finding Neverland David Magee The play The Man Who Was Peter Pan by Allan Knee
Million Dollar Baby Paul Haggis The book Rope Burns: Stories from the Corner by F.X. Toole
The Motorcycle Diaries José Rivera The book Con el Che por America Latina by Alberto Granado
The book The Motorcycle Diaries by Che Guevara
Brokeback Mountain Larry McMurtry
Diana Ossana
The short story "Brokeback Mountain" by Annie Proulx
Capote Dan Futterman The book Capote by Gerald Clarke
The Constant Gardener Jeffrey Caine The novel The Constant Gardener by John le Carré
A History of Violence Josh Olson The graphic novel A History of Violence by John Wagner and Vince Locke
Munich Tony Kushner
Eric Roth
The book Vengeance by George Jonas
The Departed William Monahan The film Infernal Affairs, written by Alan Mak and Felix Chong
Borat: Cultural Learnings of America for Make Benefit Glorious Nation of Kazakhstan Sacha Baron Cohen (story/screenplay)
Peter Baynham (story/screenplay)
Anthony Hines (story/screenplay)
Dan Mazer (screenplay)
Todd Phillips (story)
The character Borat Sagdiyev, from the television series Da Ali G Show, created by Sacha Baron Cohen
Children of Men Alfonso Cuarón
Timothy J. Sexton
David Arata
Mark Fergus
Hawk Ostby
The novel The Children of Men by P. D. James
Little Children Todd Field
Tom Perrotta
The novel Little Children by Tom Perrotta
Notes on a Scandal Patrick Marber The novel Notes on a Scandal by Zoë Heller
No Country for Old Men Joel Coen
Ethan Coen
The novel No Country for Old Men by Cormac McCarthy
Atonement Christopher Hampton The novel Atonement by Ian McEwan
Away from Her Sarah Polley The short story The Bear Went Over the Mountain by Alice Munro
The Diving Bell and the Butterfly Ronald Harwood The book The Diving Bell and the Butterfly by Jean-Dominique Bauby
There Will Be Blood Paul Thomas Anderson The novel Oil! by Upton Sinclair
Slumdog Millionaire Simon Beaufoy The novel Q & A by Vikas Swarup
The Curious Case of Benjamin Button Eric Roth (story/screenplay)
Robin Swicord (story)
The short story "The Curious Case of Benjamin Button" by F. Scott Fitzgerald
Doubt John Patrick Shanley The play Doubt: A Parable by John Patrick Shanley
Frost/Nixon Peter Morgan The play Frost/Nixon by Peter Morgan
The Reader David Hare The novel The Reader by Bernhard Schlink
Precious: Based on the Novel "Push" by Sapphire Geoffrey Fletcher The novel Push by Sapphire
District 9 Neill Blomkamp
Terri Tatchell
The short film Alive in Joburg written by Neill Blomkamp
An Education Nick Hornby The book An Education by Lynn Barber
In the Loop Jesse Armstrong
Simon Blackwell
Armando Iannucci
Tony Roche
The character Malcolm Tucker, from the television series The Thick of It, created by Armando Iannucci
Up in the Air Jason Reitman
Sheldon Turner
The novel Up in the Air by Walter Kirn


Year Film Screenwriter(s) Adapted from
The Social Network Aaron Sorkin The book The Accidental Billionaires by Ben Mezrich
127 Hours Danny Boyle
Simon Beaufoy
The book Between a Rock and a Hard Place by Aron Ralston
Toy Story 3 Michael Arndt (screenplay)
John Lasseter (story)
Andrew Stanton (story)
Lee Unkrich (story)
Characters from the film Toy Story, written by John Lasseter, Pete Docter, Andrew Stanton, Joe Ranft, Joss Whedon, Joel Cohen, and Alec Sokolow
Characters from the film Toy Story 2, written by John Lasseter, Pete Docter, Ash Brannon, Andrew Stanton, Rita Hsiao, Doug Chamberlin, and Chris Webb
True Grit Joel Coen
Ethan Coen
The novel True Grit by Charles Portis
Winter's Bone Debra Granik
Anne Rosellini
The novel Winter's Bone by Daniel Woodrell
The Descendants Alexander Payne
Nat Faxon
Jim Rash
The novel The Descendants by Kaui Hart Hemmings
Hugo John Logan The novel The Invention of Hugo Cabret by Brian Selznick
The Ides of March George Clooney
Grant Heslov
Beau Willimon
The play Farragut North by Beau Willimon
Moneyball Steven Zaillian (screenplay)
Aaron Sorkin (screenplay)
Stan Chervin (story)
The book Moneyball by Michael Lewis
Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy Bridget O'Connor (posthumous nomination)
Peter Straughan
The novel Tinker Tailor Soldier Spy by John le Carré
Argo Chris Terrio The book The Master of Disguise by Antonio J. Mendez
The article "The Great Escape" by Joshuah Bearman
Beasts of the Southern Wild Lucy Alibar
Benh Zeitlin
The play Juicy and Delicious by Lucy Alibar
Life of Pi David Magee The novel Life of Pi by Yann Martel
Lincoln Tony Kushner The book Team of Rivals: The Political Genius of Abraham Lincoln by Doris Kearns Goodwin
Silver Linings Playbook David O. Russell The novel The Silver Linings Playbook by Matthew Quick
12 Years a Slave John Ridley The memoir Twelve Years a Slave by Solomon Northup
Before Midnight Richard Linklater
Julie Delpy
Ethan Hawke
Characters from the film Before Sunrise, written by Richard Linklater and Kim Krizan
Captain Phillips Billy Ray The book A Captain's Duty by Richard Phillips, Stephan Talty
Philomena Steve Coogan
Jeff Pope
The book The Lost Child of Philomena Lee by Martin Sixsmith
The Wolf of Wall Street Terence Winter The memoir The Wolf of Wall Street by Jordan Belfort
The Imitation Game Graham Moore The book Alan Turing: The Enigma, written by Andrew Hodges
American Sniper Jason Hall The autobiography American Sniper: The Autobiography of the Most Lethal Sniper in U.S. Military History by Chris Kyle, Scott McEwan, and Jim DeFelice
Inherent Vice Paul Thomas Anderson The novel Inherent Vice by Thomas Pynchon
The Theory of Everything Anthony McCarten The book Travelling to Infinity: My Life with Stephen Hawking by Jane Wilde Hawking
Whiplash Damien Chazelle The short film Whiplash written by Damien Chazelle
The Big Short Adam McKay
Charles Randolph
The book The Big Short by Michael Lewis
Brooklyn Nick Hornby The novel Brooklyn by Colm Tóibín
Carol Phyllis Nagy The novel The Price of Salt by Patricia Highsmith
The Martian Drew Goddard The novel The Martian by Andy Weir
Room Emma Donoghue The novel Room by Emma Donoghue

See also


  1. 1 2 Aljean Harmetz (March 16, 1985). "Oscars Go to Writers of 'Kwai'". The New York Times.
  2. Johnson, Andrew (28 March 2010). "Emma Thompson: How Jane Austen saved me from going under". The Independent. Retrieved 18 August 2011.
  3. Award entitled Best Writing, Adaptation
  4. 1 2 In the 2nd and 3rd years there was only a single writing award for Writing Achievement with no distinction between original works and adaptations.
  5. For the 1930/31 production year the award was again subdivided, and this one was once again Best Writing, Adaptation.
  6. Award renamed Best Writing, Screenplay
  7. Award entitled Best Screenplay—Adapted
  8. Early in 1956, the name of screenwriter Michael Wilson – a former Oscar winner – had been deleted from the credits of Friendly Persuasion by Allied Artists, the film's distributor, based on a 1952 agreement between the Screen Writers Guild and various production companies. That agreement gave the studios the right to omit from the screen the name of any individual who had failed to clear himself before a duly constituted legislative committee of U.S. Congress if accused of Communist affiliations, as was the case with Wilson at the time. The Academy, in the awkward position of possible conferring its highest honor on someone whose name had been omitted from screen credit, revised its bylaws at a special February 6, 1957, meeting. That revision, in essence, allowed that in such cases, the achievement itself could be eligible for nomination, but the specific writer would not be. This bylaw was repealed by the Academy as "unworkable" on January 12, 1959. This nomination was not included on the final ballot.
  9. Award entitled Best Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
  10. Though Pierre Boulle received official screen credit, it was commonly known that blacklisted writers Carl Foreman and Michael Wilson wrote the screenplay based on Boulle's novel (translated from the original French). The Board of Governors, on December 11, 1984, voted posthumous Oscars to Wilson and Foreman. It was widely reported that Boulle was surprised, as well as many others, by the nomination, especially since Boulle did not speak (or write) English.
  11. Upon request of his widow and upon recommendation of the Writers Branch Executive Committee, the Board of Governors voted to restore the name of Nedrick Young to the nomination presented to Nathan E. Douglas, which was Mr. Young's pseudonym during the blacklisting period.
  12. Originally the nomination was solely for Robert Bolt, as Wilson was blacklisted at the time. His name was officially added to the nomination in 1995.
  13. Award entitled Screenplay Adapted From Other Material
  14. Award entitled Screenplay Based on Material from Another Medium
  15. P.H. Vazak is a pseudonym for Robert Towne who was dissatisfied with the film.
  16. Award entitled Best Screenplay Based on Material Previously Produced or Published
  17. Award entitled Best Adapted Screenplay
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