87th Academy Awards
|87th Academy Awards|
|Date||February 22, 2015|
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, U.S
|Hosted by||Neil Patrick Harris|
|Directed by||Hamish Hamilton|
|Best Picture||Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance)|
|Most awards||Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) and The Grand Budapest Hotel (4)|
|Most nominations||Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) and The Grand Budapest Hotel (9)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 43 minutes|
20.6% (Nielsen ratings)
The 87th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), honored the best films of 2014 and took place on February 22, 2015, at the Dolby Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories. The ceremony was televised in the United States by ABC, and produced by Neil Meron and Craig Zadan and directed by Hamish Hamilton. Actor Neil Patrick Harris hosted the ceremony for the first time.
In related events, the Academy held its 6th Annual Governors Awards ceremony at the Grand Ballroom of the Hollywood and Highland Center on November 8, 2014. On February 7, 2015, in a ceremony at the Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by hosts Margot Robbie and Miles Teller.
Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance), and The Grand Budapest Hotel each won four awards, with the former film earning the Best Picture honor. Other winners include Whiplash with three, and American Sniper, Big Hero 6, Boyhood, Citizenfour, Crisis Hotline: Veterans Press 1, Feast, Ida, The Imitation Game, Interstellar, The Phone Call, Selma, Still Alice and The Theory of Everything with one. The telecast garnered more than 37 million viewers in the United States.
Winners and nominees
The nominees for the 87th Academy Awards were announced on January 15, 2015, at 5:30 a.m. PST (13:30 UTC), at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by directors J. J. Abrams and Alfonso Cuarón, Academy president Cheryl Boone Isaacs, and actor Chris Pine. For the first time, nominations for all 24 competitive categories were announced. Birdman and The Grand Budapest Hotel tied for the most nominations with nine each.
The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on February 22, 2015. For the first time since the expansion of the Best Picture nominee roster at the 82nd ceremony in 2010, every Best Picture nominee won at least one award. Birdman was the first film to win Best Picture without an editing nomination since Ordinary People (1980). Alejandro G. Iñárritu became the second consecutive Mexican to win for Best Directing after Cuarón who won for helming Gravity. At age 84, Robert Duvall was the oldest male acting nominee in Oscar history. Having won for his work on Gravity the year before, Emmanuel Lubezki became the fourth person to win two consecutive Best Cinematography awards. John Toll was the last one who accomplished this feat for his work on 1994's Legends of the Fall and 1995's Braveheart.
The Academy held its 6th Annual Governors Awards ceremony on November 8, 2014, during which the following awards were presented:
- Honorary Academy Awards
- Jean-Claude Carrière — Whose elegantly crafted screenplays elevate the art of screenwriting to the level of literature.
- Hayao Miyazaki — A master storyteller whose animated artistry has inspired filmmakers and audiences around the world.
- Maureen O'Hara — One of Hollywood’s brightest stars, whose inspiring performances glowed with passion, warmth and strength.
- Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
- Harry Belafonte — For a lifetime of demonstrating how art is ennobled by ceaseless courage and conscience.
Films with multiple nominations and awards
Presenters and performers
|Fox, CederingCedering Fox||Announcer for the 87th annual Academy Awards|
|Nyong'o, LupitaLupita Nyong'o||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Neeson, LiamLiam Neeson||Presenter of the films The Grand Budapest Hotel and American Sniper on the Best Picture segment|
|Johnson, DakotaDakota Johnson||Introducer of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "Lost Stars"|
| Lopez, JenniferJennifer Lopez|
|Presenters of the award for Best Costume Design|
|Witherspoon, ReeseReese Witherspoon||Presenter of the award for Best Makeup and Hairstyling|
|Tatum, ChanningChanning Tatum||Introducer of the six winners of the Team Oscar contest|
| Ejiofor, ChiwetelChiwetel Ejiofor|
|Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|MacLaine, ShirleyShirley MacLaine||Presenter of the films Boyhood, The Theory of Everything, and Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) on the Best Picture segment|
|Cotillard, MarionMarion Cotillard||Introducer of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "Everything is Awesome"|
| Bateman, JasonJason Bateman |
|Presenters of the awards for Best Live Action Short Film and Best Documentary (Short Subject)|
|Davis, ViolaViola Davis||Presenter of the segment of the Honorary Academy Awards and Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award|
|Paltrow, GwynethGwyneth Paltrow||Introducer of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "I'm Not Gonna Miss You"|
| Robbie, MargotMargot Robbie|
|Presenters of the segment of the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement and the Gordon E. Sawyer Award|
|Chris EvansChris Evans|
|Presenters of the awards for Best Sound Mixing and Best Sound Editing|
|Leto, JaredJared Leto||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Hutcherson, JoshJosh Hutcherson||Introducer of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "Grateful"|
| Elgort, AnselAnsel Elgort|
Chloë Grace Moretz
|Presenters of the award for Best Visual Effects|
| Hart, KevinKevin Hart|
|Presenters of the award for Best Animated Short Film|
| Johnson, DwayneDwayne Johnson|
|Presenters of the award for Best Animated Feature Film|
|Isaacs, Cheryl BooneCheryl Boone Isaacs (AMPAS president)||Special presentation highlighting the benefits of film and creativity|
| Pratt, ChrisChris Pratt|
|Presenters of the award for Best Production Design|
| Chastain, JessicaJessica Chastain|
|Presenters of the award for Best Cinematography|
|Streep, MerylMeryl Streep||Presenter of the In Memoriam tribute|
| Cumberbatch, BenedictBenedict Cumberbatch|
|Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Howard, TerrenceTerrence Howard||Presenter of the films Whiplash, The Imitation Game, and Selma on the Best Picture segment|
| Aniston, JenniferJennifer Aniston|
|Presenters of the award for Best Documentary Feature|
|Spencer, OctaviaOctavia Spencer||Introducer of the performance of Best Original Song nominee "Glory"|
| Menzel, IdinaIdina Menzel |
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Song|
|Johansson, ScarlettScarlett Johansson||Introducer of The Sound of Music 50th anniversary tribute and the performance of "The Sound of Music", "My Favorite Things", "Edelweiss" and "Climb Ev'ry Mountain"|
|Andrews, JulieJulie Andrews||Presenter of the award for Best Original Score|
|Murphy, EddieEddie Murphy||Presenter of the award for Best Original Screenplay|
|Winfrey, OprahOprah Winfrey||Presenter of the award for Best Adapted Screenplay|
|Affleck, BenBen Affleck||Presenter of the award for Best Director|
|Blanchett, CateCate Blanchett||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|McConaughey, MatthewMatthew McConaughey||Presenter of the award for Best Actress|
|Penn, SeanSean Penn||Presenter of the award for Best Picture|
|Oremus, StephenStephen Oremus|| Musical arranger|
| Harris, Neil PatrickNeil Patrick Harris|
Kendrick, AnnaAnna Kendrick
Black, JackJack Black
|Performers||"Moving Pictures" during the opening segment|
|Maroon 5, Maroon 5||Performers||"Lost Stars" from Begin Again|
| Tegan and Sara|
The Lonely Island
Arnett, WillWill Arnett
|Performers||"Everything Is Awesome" from The Lego Movie|
|McGraw, TimTim McGraw||Performer||"I'm Not Gonna Miss You" from Glen Campbell: I'll Be Me|
|Ora, RitaRita Ora||Performer||"Grateful" from Beyond the Lights|
|Hudson, JenniferJennifer Hudson||Performer||"I Can't Let Go" during the annual In Memoriam tribute|
| Common Common|
|Performers||"Glory" from Selma|
|Gaga, LadyLady Gaga||Performer||"The Sound of Music", "My Favorite Things", "Edelweiss" and "Climb Ev'ry Mountain" from The Sound of Music|
Riding on the success of the previous year's ceremony which garnered its highest viewership figures in over a decade, the Academy rehired producers Neil Meron and Craig Zadan for the third consecutive year. “Their showmanship has elevated the show to new heights and we are excited to keep the momentum going with this creative partnership,” said AMPAS president Cheryl Boone Isaacs in a press release announcing the selection. In October 2014, actor Neil Patrick Harris, who previously hosted four Tony Awards ceremonies between 2009 and 2013 and two Primetime Emmy Awards telecasts in 2009 and 2013, was chosen as host of the 2015 gala. Meron and Zadan explained their decision to hire the television and theatre star saying, "We are thrilled to have Neil host the Oscars. We have known him his entire adult life, and we have watched him explode as a great performer in feature films, television and stage. To work with him on the Oscars is the perfect storm, all of his resources and talent coming together on a global stage." Neil expressed that it was truly an honor and a thrill to be asked to host Academy Awards commenting, "I grew up watching the Oscars and was always in such awe of some of the greats who hosted the show. To be asked to follow in the footsteps of Johnny Carson, Billy Crystal, Ellen DeGeneres, and everyone else who had the great fortune of hosting is a bucket list dream come true."
Shortly after his selection, several reports were released indicating that DeGeneres and other comedians such as 2005 ceremony host Chris Rock and actress Julia Louis-Dreyfus declined the offer to host the program, and Harris was a last minute choice as emcee. Nevertheless, both Meron and Zadan denied such allegations and insisted that Harris was their only choice saying, "After every Oscar show there is always a discussion as to who will host the next one. Many names are discussed and sometimes even floated without there being any formal offers. At times, these casual discussions take on a life of their own, and some are eager to break a story without knowing the facts. Neil Patrick Harris received the Academy’s formal offer."
Several other people were also involved with the production of the ceremony. Stephen Oremus served as musical director and conductor for the event. Derek McLane returned to designed a new set and stage design for the show. During the ceremony, actor Channing Tatum introduced a group called "Team Oscar". The team consisted of six young film students from colleges across the country selected by AMPAS whose role was to deliver Oscar statuettes to the presenters during the gala. Oscar-winning husband-and-wife songwriters Robert Lopez and Kristen Anderson-Lopez composed Harris's opening number entitled "Moving Pictures". Musicians Questlove and Mark Mothersbaugh and actor Will Arnett made cameos during the performance of Best Original Song nominee "Everything Is Awesome".
Box office performance of nominated films
For the first time since 2007, none of the Best Picture nominees had grossed $100 million before the nominations were announced (compared with three from the previous year). The combined gross of the eight Best Picture nominees at the American and Canadian box offices was $205 million, with an average of $25.6 million per film.
None of the eight Best Picture nominees was among the top fifty release in box office during nominations. When the nominations were announced on January 15, 2015, The Grand Budapest Hotel was the highest-grossing film among the Best Picture nominees with $59.1 million in domestic box office receipts. The Imitation Game was the second-highest-grossing film with $42.7 million; this was followed by Birdman or (The Unexpected Virtue of Ignorance) ($26.6 million), The Theory of Everything ($26.2 million), Boyhood ($24.3 million), Selma ($16.5 million), Whiplash ($6.2 million) and finally American Sniper ($3.3 million).[A]
Of the top 50 grossing movies of the year, 23 nominations went to 13 films on the list. Only Big Hero 6 (9th), How to Train Your Dragon 2 (16th), Gone Girl (17th), and Into the Woods (25th) were nominated for Best Picture, Best Animated Feature, or any of the directing, acting, or screenwriting awards. The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Guardians of the Galaxy (1st), Captain America: The Winter Soldier (3rd), The Lego Movie (4th), Maleficent (6th), The Hobbit: The Battle of the Five Armies (7th), X-Men: Days of Future Past (8th), Dawn of the Planet of the Apes (10th), Interstellar (15th), and Unbroken (27th).
Criticism regarding lack of diversity
Shortly after the nominations were announced, many media outlets observed that there was a lack of racial diversity amongst the nominees in major categories. According to Tatiana Segel of The Hollywood Reporter, this was the second time since 1998 that all 20 acting nominees were of Caucasian descent. The New York Times columnist David Carr pointed out the omission of Ava DuVernay and David Oyelowo in directing and lead acting categories. He also had noted that these nominations were in contrast to last year's ceremony which included Best Picture winner 12 Years a Slave and Best Supporting Actress winner Lupita Nyong'o. As a result, the Academy was ridiculed over social media with hashtags such as #OscarsSoWhite and #WhiteOscars. In addition, U.S. Congressman Tony Cárdenas wrote a letter voicing his concern regarding AMPAS and diversity stating, “While the issue of diversity in the entertainment industry is a much deeper problem, without an easy solution, it is unfortunate to see such a revered American institution fail to fully reflect our nation.” He went on to say that he was willing to work with Academy officials in better making the entertainment industry more representative of different ethnicities.
In response to criticism about lack of diversity, AMPAS president Isaacs told reporter Sandy Cohen of Associated Press that the Academy was "committed to seeking out diversity of voice and opinion." Despite refraining from commenting whether the organization was embarrassed by the lack of diversity, she stated that she was proud of all the nominees and even praised Selma as a "fantastic motion picture."
Several days before the awards gala, the National Action Network led by civil rights activist Al Sharpton and several other organization planned to demonstrate near the ceremony at the Dolby Theatre before and during the telecast. However, the protest was canceled in light of DuVernay pleading with civil rights leaders to instead pursue a direct dialogue with Academy leadership.
The show received a mixed reception from media publications. Some media outlets were more critical of the show. HitFix television columnist Alan Sepinwall commented, "It ran on and on and on and on so much that when host Neil Patrick Harris finally got around to paying off a running gag about his Oscar predictions being locked in a box on stage left, he had to stop to explain the bit to us all over again." In addition, he observed, "Either the production consumed Harris, the writing failed him, or he picked a very strange night to go off-brand." Hal Boedeker of the Orlando Sentinel wrote, "Harris headlined a blah production number to start the show. His running shtick about Oscar predictions grew tiresome." He concluded his review saying, "The music saved this Oscar telecast, but it was still a long, tedious show. The highlight reel will make it look better than it was." Television critic Alessandra Stanley from The New York Times said, "Oscar nights almost always drag on too long, but this one was a slog almost from the very beginning." She also quipped, "The political speeches were somber, but they turned out to be more lively and bracing than any of Harris' skits."
Other media outlets received the broadcast more positively. Television critic Matthew Gilbert of The Boston Globe commented, "Neil Patrick Harris was very Neil Patrick Harrisy Sunday night in his first round as Oscars host. He was calm and cheerful and vanilla as usual, always ready with a lightly snarky joke and always eager to jump into a big production number involving old-timey choreography. He’s a pro at hosting, after his Tony and Emmy gigs, and it showed during the ABC telecast in his endlessly relaxed and open energy." He also wrote despite several production gaffes and an uneven pace, the show moved along "with a minimum of pain." The Times-Picayune columnist Dave Walker wrote, "Harris played it like he was basically born to do it—light on his feet working the crowd or at center stage without his pants, winkingly self-deprecating, moving-right-along when his prepared material didn't land (which was too often)—and he now may have a job for life if he wants it." Furthermore, praised the cast and several musical numbers from the show. David Rooney of The Hollywood Reporter quipped, "Harris displayed winning charm and appealing insouciance, sprinkling the gags with moments of self-deprecation." In addition, he remarked that several of the acceptance speeches and musical numbers provided a mix of humor, fun, and sincerity.
Ratings and reception
The American telecast on ABC drew in an average 37.26 million people over it length, which was a 15% decrease from the previous year's ceremony. An estimated 63 million total viewers watched all or part of the awards. The show also earned lower Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 20.6% of households watching over a 33 share. In addition, the program scored a lower 18–49 demo rating with an 11.0 ratings over a 26 share. It was the lowest viewership for an Academy Awards telecast since the 81st ceremony held in 2009.
In July 2015, the ceremony presentation received eight nominations for the 67th Primetime Emmys. The following month, the ceremony won one of those nominations for Outstanding Technical Direction, Camera Work, and Video Control for a Limited Series, Movie, or Special (Technical Directors: Eric Becker, Rick Edwards, John Pritchett, and Rod Wardell; Cameras: Rob Balton, Danny Bonilla, Robert Del Russo, David Eastwood, Suzanne Ebner, Pat Gleason, Ed Horton, Marc Hunter, Jay Kulick, Brian Lataille, Tore Livia, Steve Martyniuk, Lyn Noland, Rob Palmer, David Plakos, Camera, Jofre Romero, Danny Webb, Mark Whitman, and Easter Xua; Video Control: Terrance Ho, Guy Jones, and Keith Winikoff).
The annual In Memoriam segment was presented by actress Meryl Streep. The montage featured an excerpt of the "Love Theme" from Sophie's Choice by Marvin Hamlisch. At the conclusion of the tribute, singer Jennifer Hudson performed the song "I Can't Let Go" from the television series Smash.
- Mickey Rooney
- Paul Mazursky
- Geoffrey Holder
- Nadia Bronson
- James Garner
- Elizabeth Peña
- Alan Hirschfield
- Edward Herrmann
- Maya Angelou
- Lorenzo Semple, Jr.
- George L. Little
- James Rebhorn
- Menahem Golan
- James Shigeta
- Anita Ekberg
- Paul Apted
- H. R. Giger
- Sanford E. Reisenbach
- Malik Bendjelloul
- Virna Lisi
- Louis Jourdan
- Gordon Willis
- Richard Attenborough
- Oswald Morris
- Tom Rolf
- L. M. Kit Carson
- Ruby Dee
- Samuel Goldwyn, Jr.
- Martha Hyer
- Andrew V. McLaglen
- Jimmy T. Murakami
- Robin Williams
- William Greaves
- Joseph Viskocil
- Rod Taylor
- Stewart Stern
- Luise Rainer
- Dick Smith
- Lauren Bacall
- Walt Martin
- Charles Champlin
- Pennie Dupont
- Herb Jeffries
- Misty Upham
- Eli Wallach
- Gabriel García Márquez
- Frank Yablans
- Alain Resnais
- Bob Hoskins
- Mike Nichols
- 21st Screen Actors Guild Awards
- 35th Golden Raspberry Awards
- 57th Grammy Awards
- 67th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 68th British Academy Film Awards
- 69th Tony Awards
- 72nd Golden Globe Awards
- List of submissions to the 87th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- A^ : American Sniper opened in wide release on January 16, where it became the number-one film at the American box office for three consecutive weekends. The film eventually became the highest grossing film at the American and Canadian box office released in 2014.
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