56th Academy Awards
|56th Academy Awards|
|Date||April 9, 1984|
|Site||Dorothy Chandler Pavilion, Los Angeles|
|Hosted by||Johnny Carson|
|Produced by||Jack Haley, Jr.|
|Directed by||Marty Pasetta|
|Best Picture||Terms of Endearment|
|Most awards||Terms of Endearment (5)|
|Most nominations||Terms of Endearment (11)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 42 minutes|
|Ratings||38.0 (Nielsen ratings)|
The Best Supporting Actress winner this year was unique. 4’9” Linda Hunt won the award for her role as Billy Kwan – a male Chinese-Australian photographer – in Peter Weir's The Year of Living Dangerously, making her the first actor to win an Oscar for playing a character of the opposite sex.
Gordon Willis, a respected cinematographer most famous for his un-nominated work on The Godfather, The Godfather: Part II, and Woody Allen's Manhattan, received his first Best Cinematography nomination for Zelig.
James L. Brooks won three Academy Awards this year, winning as producer, director and writer of Best Picture winner Terms of Endearment. Of its other eight nominations (the movie led all nominees with 11), two were for Best Actress; Shirley MacLaine won over Debra Winger in that category. The movie won five Oscars, the fifth being Jack Nicholson's second career Oscar (he won for Best Supporting Actor).
This ceremony ended with Sammy Davis Jr. and Liza Minnelli leading the crowd in "There's No Business Like Show Business" in tribute to Ethel Merman, who had died a month and a half before this Oscar ceremony. The performance occurred over the closing credits to the broadcast.
The Award for Best Makeup was not given this year.
While this year's ceremony was the first without the recitation of the Academy's voting procedure at the beginning of the telecast — it was moved to the end credits — those of the accounting firm Price Waterhouse who were responsible for tabulating the results and guarding their secrecy were still introduced.
Honorary Academy Award
Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award
Special Achievement Academy Award
The filmmakers and studio executives were very surprised by the five Academy Award nominations for Tender Mercies, which was released ten months before the nominations were announced and had received little campaigning; the film had been exhibited in only three theaters after its release. Universal Studios had already previously sold the video rights for Tender Mercies based on their lack of confidence in the film following poor test screenings; the studio was therefore unable to redistribute Tender Mercies after the Oscar nominations were announced, and cable companies ran the film on television one week before the Academy Award ceremony.
When screenwriter Horton Foote won a Best Adapted Screenplay Oscar for To Kill a Mockingbird, he was not present at the 1963 ceremony to collect it because he did not believe he was going to win and did not attend. As a result, Foote made sure he was present for the ceremony when he was nominated for Tender Mercies; he won that Oscar as well, this time for Best Original Screenplay.
Presenters and performers
The following individuals, listed in order of appearance, presented awards or performed musical numbers.
|Simms, HankHank Simms||Announcer of the 56th Academy Awards|
|Allen, GeneGene Allen (AMPAS President)||Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony|
| Hutton, TimothyTimothy Hutton|
Mary Tyler Moore
|Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
| Bacon, KevinKevin Bacon|
|Presenters of the award for Best Sound Editing|
| Alexander, JaneJane Alexander|
|Presenters of the Short Subjects Awards|
| Collins, JoanJoan Collins|
|Presenters of the Technical Achievement Awards|
|Wise, RobertRobert Wise||Presenter of the award for Best Film Editing|
| Brinkley, ChristieChristie Brinkley|
|Presenters of the award for Best Sound Mixing|
| Franciosa, AnthonyAnthony Franciosa|
|Presenters of the award for Best Cinematography|
| Gavin, JohnJohn Gavin|
|Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
| Palance, HollyHolly Palance|
|Presenters of the Documentary Awards|
|Cheech and Chong, Cheech and Chong||Presenters of the award for Best Visual Effects|
| Tune, TommyTommy Tune|
|Presenters of the award for Best Costume Design|
| Montalban, RicardoRicardo Montalban|
|Presenters of the award for Best Art Direction|
| Beals, JenniferJennifer Beals|
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Song|
| Bolger, RayRay Bolger|
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Score|
|Diamond, NeilNeil Diamond||Presenter of the award for Best Adapted Score|
| Cannon, DyanDyan Cannon|
|Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
| Gibson, MelMel Gibson|
|Presenters of the Writing Awards|
|Sinatra, FrankFrank Sinatra||Presenter of the Jean Hersholt Humanitarian Award to M. J. Frankovich|
|Attenborough, RichardRichard Attenborough||Presenter of the award for Best Director|
| Cooper, JackieJackie Cooper|
|Presenters of the Honorary Award to Hal Roach|
| Parton, DollyDolly Parton|
|Presenters of the award for Best Actor|
| Hudson, RockRock Hudson|
|Presenters of the award for Best Actress|
|Capra, FrankFrank Capra||Presenter of the award for Best Picture|
|Jones, QuincyQuincy Jones|| Musical arranger|
| Cara, IreneIrene Cara|
The National Dance Institute
|Performers||"Flashdance... What a Feeling" from Flashdance|
| Alpert, HerbHerb Alpert|
|Performers||"Maniac" from Flashdance|
|Davis, MacMac Davis||Performer||"Over You" from Tender Mercies|
|Summer, DonnaDonna Summer||Performer||"Papa, Can You Hear Me?" from Yentl|
|Holliday, JenniferJennifer Holliday||Performer||"The Way He Makes Me Feel" from Yentl|
| Davis Jr., SammySammy Davis Jr.|
|Performers||"There's No Business Like Show Business"|
Multiple nominations and awards
These films had multiple nominations:
The following films received multiple awards.
- 41st Golden Globe Awards
- 4th Golden Raspberry Awards
- 1983 in film
- Submissions for the 56th Academy Award for Best Foreign Film
- 26th Grammy Awards
- 35th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 36th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 37th British Academy Film Awards
- 38th Tony Awards
- The Opening of the Academy Awards: 1984 Oscars on YouTube
- "The 56th Academy Awards (1984) Nominees and Winners". oscars.org. Retrieved 2011-10-09.
- Bruce Beresford, Robert Duvall, Horton Foote, Allan Hubbard, Gary Hertz (director), Tess Harper (2002-04-16). Miracles & Mercies (Documentary). West Hollywood, California: Blue Underground. Retrieved 2008-01-28.
- "The Official Academy Awards Database". awardsdatabase.oscars.org. Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences. Retrieved September 9, 2009.
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