60th Academy Awards
|60th Academy Awards|
|Date||April 11, 1988|
Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Hosted by||Chevy Chase|
|Produced by||Samuel Goldwyn, Jr.|
|Directed by||Marty Pasetta|
|Best Picture||The Last Emperor|
|Most awards||The Last Emperor (9)|
|Most nominations||The Last Emperor (9)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 33 minutes|
29.4% (Nielsen ratings)
The 60th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS), took place on April 11, 1988, at the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles beginning at 6:00 p.m. PST / 9:00 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 22 categories honoring films released in 1987. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Samuel Goldwyn, Jr. and directed by Marty Pasetta. Actor Chevy Chase hosted the show for the second consecutive year. Two weeks earlier in a ceremony held at The Beverly Hilton in Beverly Hills, California on March 27, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Shirley Jones.
The Last Emperor won nine awards including Best Picture and Best Director for Bernardo Bertolucci. For their performances in Moonstruck, Cher and Olympia Dukakis won Best Actress and Best Supporting Actress, respectively. Michael Douglas won Best Actor for his role in Wall Street; Sean Connery won Best Supporting Actor for The Untouchables. The telecast garnered 42.2 million viewers in the United States.
Winners and nominees
The nominees for the 60th Academy Awards were announced on February 16, 1988, at 5:38 a.m. PST (13:38 UTC) at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Robert Wise, president of the Academy, and actress Shirley MacLaine. The Last Emperor received the most nominations with nine total; Broadcast News came in second with seven.
The winners were announced at the awards ceremony on April 11, 1988. The Last Emperor became the second film after 1958's Gigi to earn nine Oscar nominations and win all of them. For the first time in Oscar history, all five Best Director nominees were born outside the United States. Best Actor winner Michael Douglas became the second person to win Oscars for both acting and producing; he previously won a Best Picture award as co-producer of One Flew Over the Cuckoo's Nest.[A]
Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award
Special Achievement Award
Multiple nominations and awards
Presenters and performers
|Simms, HankHank Simms||Announcer for the 60th annual Academy Awards|
|Wise, RobertRobert Wise (AMPAS President)||Gave opening remarks welcoming guests to the awards ceremony|
|Connery, SeanSean Connery||Presenter of the award for Best Visual Effects|
| Close, GlennGlenn Close|
|Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|de Havilland, OliviaOlivia de Havilland||Presenter of the award for Best Art Direction|
| Gibson, MelMel Gibson|
|Presenters of the award for Best Cinematography|
| Mouse, MickeyMickey Mouse|
|Presenters of the award for Best Animated Short|
| Chen, JoanJoan Chen|
|Presenters of the award for Best Documentary Short Subject|
|Heston, CharltonCharlton Heston||Presenter of the Academy Awards history montage|
|Guttenberg, SteveSteve Guttenberg||Presenter of the award for Best Documentary Feature|
|Crystal, BillyBilly Crystal||Presenter of the award for Best Sound|
| Cage, NicolasNicolas Cage|
|Presenters of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
| Lowe, RobRob Lowe|
|Presenters of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Lemmon, JackJack Lemmon||Presenter of the Irving G. Thalberg Memorial Award to Billy Wilder|
| Minnelli, LizaLiza Minnelli|
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Song|
| Grey, JenniferJennifer Grey|
|Presenters of the award for Best Original Score|
|Matlin, MarleeMarlee Matlin||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Jones, ShirleyShirley Jones (pre-recorded footage)||Presenter of the segment of the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement and Gordon E. Sawyer Award|
|Weller, PeterPeter Weller as RoboCop||Presenter of the award for Best Sound Effects Editing|
|Reubens, PaulPaul Reubens as Pee-Wee Herman||Presenter of the award for Best Live Action Short Film|
| Costner, KevinKevin Costner|
|Presenters of the award for Best Costume Design|
|Williams, RobinRobin Williams||Presenter of the award for Best Director|
|Candy, JohnJohn Candy||Presenter of the award for Best Makeup|
| Hepburn, AudreyAudrey Hepburn|
|Presenters of the awards for Best Adapted Screenplay and Best Original Screenplay|
| Dunaway, FayeFaye Dunaway|
|Presenters of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Newman, PaulPaul Newman||Presenter of the award for Best Actress|
|Murphy, EddieEddie Murphy||Presenter of the award for Best Picture|
|Conti, BillBill Conti||Musical Arranger||Orchestral|
|Academy Awards Chorus, Academy Awards Chorus||Performers||"I Hope I Get It" from A Chorus Line|
|DeVille, WillyWilly DeVille||Performer||"Storybook Love" from The Princess Bride|
Estefan, GloriaGloria Estefan
|Performers||"Nothing's Gonna Stop Us Now" from Mannequin|
| Fenton, GeorgeGeorge Fenton|
Gwangwa, JonasJonas Gwangwa
|Performers||"Cry Freedom" from Cry Freedom|
|Richard, LittleLittle Richard||Performer||"Shakedown" from Beverly Hills Cop II|
| Medley, BillBill Medley|
|Performers||"(I've Had) The Time of My Life" from Dirty Dancing|
In view of the 60th anniversary of the Academy Awards, the Academy hired film producer Samuel Goldwyn, Jr. in October 1987 to oversee the telecast for the second straight year. Three months later, Goldwyn selected actor and comedian Chevy Chase to emcee the 1988 ceremony. In addition, after being held at the Dorothy Chandler Pavilion for almost two decades, AMPAS decided to move the telecast to the Shrine Auditorium in order to accommodate more rehearsal time and take advantage of the large venue's seating capacity. This marked the first time the facility served as the site for the Oscars since the 20th ceremony held in 1948. Additionally, Goldwyn and Passetta originally planned to feature pre-recorded red carpet arrivals footage of actors who had roles in the 59 previous Best Picture winners. However, the segment was dropped altogether due to traffic problems amongst guests arriving to the ceremony.
Furthermore, the 1988 Writers Guild of America strike, which began more than a month before the ceremony, affected the telecast and its surrounding events. Despite the Writers Guild of America refusing to grant a waiver permitting writers to work on the scripted dialogue for the gala, the three head writers for the telecast, Ernest Lehman, Melville Shavelson, and Jack Rose, assured to the Academy and ABC that more than half of the material had already been completed. To compensate for the missing portions of the script, Goldwyn heavily utilized comedians such as John Candy, Billy Crystal, Eddie Murphy, and Robin Williams to ad lib and improvise jokes. During the show, many of the participants expressed support for the writers such as Best Supporting Actor winner Sean Connery who remarked in his acceptance speech, "If such a thing as a wish accompanied this award mine would be that we ended the writers' strike."
Box office performance of nominated films
At the time of the nominations announcement on February 16, the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees at the US box office was $221 million with an average of $48.9 million. Fatal Attraction was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $142 million in the domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Broadcast News ($36.7 million), Moonstruck ($25.4 million), The Last Emperor ($11.9 million) and Hope and Glory ($5.2 million).
Of the 50 highest-grossing movies of the year, 39 nominations went to 17 films on the list. Only Fatal Attraction (2nd), The Untouchables (4th), Good Morning Vietnam (10th), Throw Momma from the Train (14th), Full Metal Jacket (21st), Broadcast News (26th), Wall Street (30th), and Moonstruck (39th) were nominated for Best Picture, acting, directing, or screenwriting. The other top 50 box office hits that earned nomination were Beverly Hills Cop II (1st), Lethal Weapon (7th), The Witches of Eastwick (8th), Dirty Dancing (9th), Predator (11th), RoboCop (15th), Mannequin (23rd), The Princess Bride (38th), and Innerspace (45th).
The telecast received a negative reception from media outlets. Los Angeles Times television critic Howard Rosenberg commented, "Monday night's Academy Awards telecast on ABC was the Michael Dukakis and George Bush of TV awards programs: parched, drab and leaden. You kept hoping they'd draft Mario Cuomo." Tom Shales from The Washington Post wrote, "Of hope there was little and of glory almost none last night at the 60th annual Academy Awards, telecast live from the Shrine Auditorium in Los Angeles on ABC. Even considering the low standards set in previous years, the program seemed unusually lackluster from the word go." Columnist Matt Roush of USA Today quipped, "Chevy Chase stopped the show. Cold. Over and over. As the ever-unctuous host, he tried to get laughs by picking his nose and sneezing into his hand when his ad-libs failed, which was often." He also observed that The Last Emperor domination of the awards created a dull and anticlimactic atmosphere to the proceedings.
Ratings and reception
The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 42.2 million people over its length, which was a 13% increase from the previous year's ceremony. An estimated 70 million total viewers watched all or part of the awards. The show also drew higher Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 29.2% of households watching over a 49 share.
In July 1988, the ceremony presentation received four nominations at the 40th Primetime Emmys. The following month, the ceremony won one of those nominations for Outstanding Variety Music Events Programming (Samuel Goldwyn, Jr.).
- 8th Golden Raspberry Awards
- 30th Grammy Awards
- 40th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 41st British Academy Film Awards
- 42nd Tony Awards
- 45th Golden Globe Awards
- List of submissions to the 60th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
- A^ : Laurence Oliver was the first person to accomplish this feat. He won Best Picture as one of the producers of Hamlet and won Best Actor for playing the titular role in that same film.
- Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 726
- Van Gelder, Lawrence (October 27, 1987). "At the Movies". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- Caulfield, Deborah (December 7, 1987). "TV & Video". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- Gilatto, Tom (January 27, 1988). "Oscar Wild". USA Today. Gannett Company.
- "Past Scientific & Technical Awards Ceremonies". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Archived from the original on February 13, 2014. Retrieved July 31, 2013.
- Harmetz, Aljean (April 12, 1988). "'The Last Emperor' Wins 9 Oscars And Is Named Best Film of 1987". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
- Cieply, Michael (April 12, 1988). "'Last Emperor' Reigns Over Oscar Ceremonies : Best Picture Winner Adds Eight Other Awards; Cher and Douglas Take Top Prizes for Acting". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. Retrieved June 4, 2013.
- Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 712
- Cieply, Michael (February 16, 1988). "'Emperor' Leads Topsy-Turvy Oscar Race : American Directors Are Shut Out for the First Time in Academy History". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. Retrieved February 24, 2008.
- Ryan, Desmond (February 18, 1988). "The Oscar Nominees "The Last Emperor" And "Broadcast News" Lead The Field". The Philadelphia Inquirer. Philadelphia Media Network. Retrieved July 8, 2014.
- "Some achievement, but not a record". The Vancouver Sun. Gordon Fisher. April 16, 1988. p. D1.
- Cieply, Michael (February 17, 1988). "No Oscars for U.S. Directors : Foreigners Win All Nominations; 9 for 'Last Emperor'". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- Crook, John (January 25, 2004). "Like Father, Like Son at the Golden Globes". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. Retrieved November 23, 2015.
- "The 60th Academy Awards (1988) Nominees and Winners". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved October 16, 2011.
- "Irvin G. Thalberg Memorial Award". Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS). Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- "Billy Wilder to Receive The Thalberg Award". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. February 14, 1988. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- "Special Oscar Goes To 'RoboCop' Effects". San Francisco Chronicle. Jeffrey M. Johnson. February 18, 1988. p. E1.
- Mull, Marrison (April 11, 1988). "The Oscar Telecast from First to Last". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 717
- Lawrence, Van Gelder (October 30, 1987). "At the Movies". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Retrieved December 18, 2015.
- Schnurmacher, Thomas (January 18, 1988). "SPAC, SPCA ask VIPs to RSVP ASAP". Montreal Gazette. Postmedia Network. p. C9.
- Culhane, John (April 10, 1988). "With Help From Friends, Oscar's a Wit and Raconteur". The New York Times. Arthur Ochs Sulzberger, Jr. Retrieved July 3, 2014.
- Voland, John (April 8, 1988). "Oscar's Life Complicated by Writers' Strike, New Setting". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- Osborne 2008, p. 287
- Caulfield, Deborah (April 11, 1988). "First Off...". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. Retrieved 3 July 2014.
- Killday (February 8, 2008). "Oscar has experience with strike-related uncertainty". The Hollywood Reporter. Prometheus Global Media. Retrieved February 3, 2014.
- Spillman, Susan (April 11, 1988). "Hope and glory at the Oscars". USA Today. Gannett Company. p. 4D.
- Wiley & Bona 1996, p. 716
- Voland, John (April 12, 1988). "This Year, Most of the Thanks Go to Writers". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- "1989 Academy Award Nominations and Winner for Best Picture". Box Office Mojo (Amazon.com). Retrieved June 17, 2014.
- "1987 Box Office Grosses (as of February 15, 1988)". Box Office Mojo (Amazon.com). Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- Rosenberg, Howard (April 12, 1988). "A Night With All the Excitement of an Envelope Opening". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. Retrieved July 2, 2014.
- Shales, Tom (April 12, 1988). "A Tortured New Look In Hollywood Horror". The Washington Post. The Washington Post Company.
- Roush, Matt (April 12, 1988). "A show short on surpises". USA Today. Gannett Company.
- Johnson, Greg (March 18, 1999). "Call It the Glamour Bowl". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. Retrieved August 26, 2013.
- "Oscars Push ABC to Win Ratings Race". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. April 3, 1990. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- "ABC gets an Oscar boost". USA Today. Gannett Company. April 4, 1990. p. 3D.
- "Nominations for Prime-Time Emmys". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. July 28, 1988. Retrieved July 1, 2014.
- "Primetime Emmy Award database". Academy of Television Arts and Sciences (ATAS). Retrieved April 29, 2014.
- Margulies, Lee. "Cable Gets Prime-Time Emmys". Los Angeles Times. Austin Beutner. Retrieved May 19, 2014.
- Osborne, Robert (2008). 80 Years of the Oscar: The Complete History of the Academy Awards. New York, United States: Abbeville Publishing Group. ISBN 0-7892-0992-6.
- Wiley, Mason; Bona, Damien (1996), Inside Oscar: The Unofficial History of the Academy Awards (5 ed.), New York, United States: Ballantine Books, ISBN 0-345-40053-4, OCLC 779680732
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to 60th Academy Awards.|
- Official websites
- Academy Awards Official website
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Official website
- Oscar's Channel at YouTube (run by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)
- Other resources