75th Academy Awards
|75th Academy Awards|
|Date||March 23, 2003|
Hollywood, Los Angeles, California, U.S.
|Hosted by||Steve Martin|
|Produced by||Gil Cates|
|Directed by||Louis J. Horvitz|
|Most awards||Chicago (6)|
|Most nominations||Chicago (13)|
|TV in the United States|
|Duration||3 hours, 30 minutes|
20.58% (Nielsen ratings)
The 75th Academy Awards ceremony, presented by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences (AMPAS) took place on March 23, 2003, at the Kodak Theatre in Hollywood, Los Angeles beginning at 5:30 p.m. PST / 8:30 p.m. EST. During the ceremony, AMPAS presented Academy Awards (commonly referred to as Oscars) in 24 categories honoring films released in 2002. The ceremony, televised in the United States by ABC, was produced by Gil Cates and was directed by Louis J. Horvitz. Actor Steve Martin hosted for the second time, having previously presided over the 73rd ceremony held in 2001. Three weeks earlier in a ceremony at Regent Beverly Wilshire Hotel in Beverly Hills, California held on March 1, the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement were presented by host Kate Hudson.
Chicago won six awards including Best Picture. Other winners included The Pianist with three awards, Frida and The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers with two, and Adaptation, Bowling for Columbine, The ChubbChubbs!, 8 Mile, The Hours, Nowhere in Africa, Road to Perdition, Spirited Away, Talk to Her, This Charming Man, and Twin Towers with one. The telecast garnered about 33 million viewers in the United States, making it the least watched and lowest rated televised Oscar ceremony at the time.
Winners and nominees
The nominees for the 75th Academy Awards were announced on February 11, 2003, at the Samuel Goldwyn Theater in Beverly Hills, California, by Frank Pierson, president of the Academy, and actress Marisa Tomei. Chicago received the most nominations with thirteen. It was the eighth film to receive that many nominations. Gangs of New York came in second with ten.
The winners were announced during the awards ceremony on March 23, 2003. Chicago became the first musical film to win Best Picture since 1968's Oliver! At age 29, Adrien Brody was the youngest person to win Best Actor. With her 13th nomination, Meryl Streep became the most nominated actor in Oscar history. Meanwhile, Best Actor nominee Jack Nicholson earned his 12th nomination, extending his record as the most nominated male performer. Julianne Moore was the ninth performer to earn two acting nominations in the same year. "Lose Yourself" from 8 Mile became the first rap song to win the Best Original Song award.
Academy Honorary Award
- Peter O'Toole — Whose remarkable talents have provided cinema history with some of its most memorable characters.
Multiple nominations and awards
The following 13 films received multiple nominations:
The following four films received multiple awards:
Presenters and performers
|Ross, NeilNeil Ross
|Announcers for the 75th annual Academy Awards|
|Diaz, CameronCameron Diaz||Presenter of the award for Best Animated Feature|
|Reeves, KeanuKeanu Reeves||Presenter of the award for Best Visual Effects|
|Connelly, JenniferJennifer Connelly||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actor|
|Lopez, JenniferJennifer Lopez||Presenter of the award for Best Art Direction|
|Travolta, JohnJohn Travolta||Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "I Move On"|
|Garner, JenniferJennifer Garner
|Presenters of the award for Best Animated Short|
|Garner, JenniferJennifer Garner||Presenter of the award for Best Live Action Short|
|Sorvino, MiraMira Sorvino||Presenter of the award for Best Costume Design|
|Vardalos, NiaNia Vardalos||Presenter of the award for Best Makeup|
|Connery, SeanSean Connery||Presenter of the award for Best Supporting Actress|
|Fraser, BrendanBrendan Fraser||Presenter of the film The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers on the Best Picture segment|
|Hudson, KateKate Hudson||Presenter of the segment of the Academy Awards for Technical Achievement and Gordon E. Sawyer Award|
|Zellweger, RenéeRenée Zellweger||Presenter of the award for Best Original Score|
|Andrews, JulieJulie Andrews||Presenter of the montage highlighting past Academy Award telecast musical numbers|
|Bernal, Gael GarcíaGael García Bernal||Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "Burn it Blue"|
|Hayek, SalmaSalma Hayek||Presenter of the award for Best Foreign Language Film|
|Moore, JulianneJulianne Moore||Presenter of the awards for Best Sound and Best Sound Editing|
|McConaughey, MatthewMatthew McConaughey||Presenter of the film Gangs of New York on the Best Picture segment|
|Lane, DianeDiane Lane||Presenter of the award for Best Documentary Feature|
|Valenti, JackJack Valenti||Presenter of the award for Best Documentary Short Subject|
|Roberts, JuliaJulia Roberts||Presenter of the award for Best Cinematography|
|Bates, KathyKathy Bates||Presenter of the montage interviewing previous acting Oscar winners|
|Farrell, ColinColin Farrell||Introducer of the performance of Best Song nominee "The Hands That Built America"|
|Davis, GeenaGeena Davis||Presenter of the award for Best Film Editing|
|Sarandon, SusanSusan Sarandon||Presenter of the In Memoriam Tribute|
|Swank, HilaryHilary Swank||Presenter of the film The Hours on the Best Picture segment|
|Berry, HalleHalle Berry||Presenter of the award for Best Actor|
|Streisand, BarbraBarbra Streisand||Presenter of the award for Best Original Song|
|Streep, MerylMeryl Streep||Presenter of the Academy Honorary Award to Peter O'Toole|
|Hoffman, DustinDustin Hoffman||Presenter of the film The Pianist on the Best Picture segment|
|Washington, DenzelDenzel Washington||Presenter of the award for Best Actress|
|de Havilland, OliviaOlivia de Havilland||Presenter of the Oscar Family Album segment|
|Gere, RichardRichard Gere||Presenter of the film Chicago on the Best Picture segment|
|Harden, Marcia GayMarcia Gay Harden||Presenter of the award for Best Adapted Screenplay|
|Affleck, BenBen Affleck||Presenter of the award for Best Original Screenplay|
|Ford, HarrisonHarrison Ford||Presenter of the award for Best Director|
|Douglas, KirkKirk Douglas
|Presenters of the award for Best Picture|
|Conti, BillBill Conti||Musical arranger
|Queen Latifah, Queen Latifah
|Performers||"I Move On" from Chicago|
|Simon, PaulPaul Simon||Performer||"Father and Daughter" from The Wild Thornberrys Movie|
|Downs, LilaLila Downs
|Performers||"Burn It Blue" from Frida|
|U2, U2||Performers||"The Hands That Built America" from Gangs of New York|
In November 2002, the Academy hired veteran Oscar telecast producer Gil Cates to oversee the telecast for the eleventh time. "With ten shows under his belt, no other living producer even comes close to the depth of his experience," said AMPAS president Frank Pierson in a press release announcing the selection. "Gil practically invented the awards show as a stylistic genre. We're privileged to have him present a very special event to celebrate the 75th anniversary of the Oscars." A few days later, actor and comedian Steve Martin was chosen to emcee the upcoming telecast. Cates explained his reason to bring back the veteran comedian saying, "A host who's witty, clever, sharp, intelligent, quick on his feet and always on top of the unfolding action. Wait, I've forgotten something. Oh yeah, and outrageously funny." According to the article published in the Los Angeles Times, Cates approached actor and veteran Oscar host Billy Crystal for emceeing duties. However, as time passed and Crystal was still undecided regarding the job, Cates offered the hosting role to Martin. In a statement, Martin expressed that he was honored to be selected to emcee the telecast joking, "I'm very pleased to be hosting the Oscars again, because fear and nausea always make me lose weight." In addition, this was the first Oscar ceremony broadcast in high-definition.
To commemorate the 75th anniversary of the Academy Awards, 59 actors who have received both competitive and honorary awards appeared seated onstage together during a segment called Oscar's Family Album. Each former winner was acknowledged by announcer Neil Ross and Randy Thomas with the films he or she won for. At the end of the segment newly minted winners Adrien Brody, Chris Cooper, Nicole Kidman, and Catherine Zeta-Jones, along with Honorary Oscar recipient Peter O'Toole, joined them.
Furthermore, the American-led invasion of Iraq affected the telecast and its surrounding events. Hours after news that the war had commenced several actors such as Cate Blanchett, Jim Carrey, and Will Smith resigned from their roles as presenters citing safety concerns and respect for military families. Despite pleas from broadcaster ABC to postpone the proceedings up to a week, AMPAS president Pierson and ceremony producer Cates refused to delay the gala to a different date citing unavailability of the Kodak Theatre during that time. Pierson also stated that moving the festivities to a different venue would be too expensive for the Academy. However, they also announced that the red carpet festivities would be severely curtailed. The bleacher seats situated along Hollywood Boulevard would also be dismantled, and ticket holders for those seats would receive rain checks that were good toward next year's event. Periodically during commercial breaks, ABC News anchor and journalist Peter Jennings gave news brief updates regarding the events happening overseas.
Box office performance of nominated films
At the time of the nominations announcement on February 11, the combined gross of the five Best Picture nominees at the US box office was $486 million, with an average of $97.3 million per film. The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers was the highest earner among the Best Picture nominees with $321 million in domestic box office receipts. The film was followed by Gangs of New York ($70.1 million), Chicago ($64.5 million), The Hours ($21.8 million), and finally The Pianist ($9.1 million).
Of the top 50 grossing movies of the year, 47 nominations went to 14 films on the list. Only The Lord of the Rings: The Two Towers (2nd), My Big Fat Greek Wedding (5th), Ice Age (9th), Catch Me If You Can (11th), Lilo & Stitch (13th), Road to Perdition (23rd), Spirit: Stallion of the Cimarron (35th), Gangs of New York (37th), and Chicago (41st) were nominated for Best Picture, Best Animated Feature, or any of the directing, acting, or screenwriting awards. The other top 50 box office hits that earned nominations were Spider-Man (1st), Star Wars: Episode II: Attack of the Clones (3rd), Minority Report (16th), 8 Mile (22nd), and The Time Machine (44th).
Bowling for Columbine acceptance speech
Shortly after winning the Oscar for Best Documentary Feature, Bowling for Columbine director Michael Moore spoke out against U.S. President George W. Bush and the Iraq War. He further criticized the president stating, "We live in a time with fictitious election results that elect fictitious presidents. We live in a time when we have a man sending us to war for fictitious reasons." The speech was received with a mix of boos, applause, and standing ovations from the audience at the theater, Moments after the speech concluded, in order to lighten the mood, host Martin joked, "The Teamsters are helping Michael Moore into the trunk of his limo."
The show received a positive reception from most media publications. Television critic Robert Bianco of USA Today commended Martin's hosting performance writing that, "Luckily for viewers, Martin has two other qualities that are essential to a good Academy Awards host: wit and insider status. He used both to his and our advantage, winning the crowd's confidence and then gleefully mocking them all night." He also noted that the political remarks from presenters and speeches "a touch of tension to what is so often a dull evening." Pittsburgh Post-Gazette television columnist Rob Owen raved that "Martin radiates class and wit, something often lacking in awards show hosts. From jokes about the allegedly scaled-down ceremony to reaction to his return to the Oscar stage, Martin entertained consistently." He also quipped that even the segments honoring Oscar history "seemed tighter and less tedious." Tom Shales of The Washington Post gave high marks to Martin commenting, "Helping immeasurably to make it a great show was Steve Martin, who served as host for the second time and triumphed as a welcome sardonic voice amid all the usual piousness and self-adulation." He also commented that despite the toned-down atmosphere, the speeches and tributes provided several heartfelt and memorable moments desperately needed in uncertain times.
Some media outlets were more critical of the show. Television critic Ken Tucker of Entertainment Weekly bemoaned, "A wonderful, intelligent Oscar host two years ago, Martin on this night looked as though he'd thrown in the towel backstage and let comedy writer Bruce Vilanch come up with a batch of gormless ain't-Hollywood-goofy lines to absolve him of responsibility for being hilarious." Chicago Tribune columnist Steve Johnson lamented, "Martin in his second turn hosting Hollywood's big night was, especially in the early going, slightly off-key, his attempt to keep a jovial face on things understandable but eventually coming to seem a touch disrespectful." He went on to say, "Except for the Moore line, he simply was not able to perform a perhaps impossible task, putting people at ease about attending, or watching, a party as a war raged, visible to anyone who flipped over to CNN." David Zurawik of The Baltimore Sun quipped, "As the rest of the world saw televised images of captives and corpses identified as American soldiers, we watched host Steve Martin and a theater full of celebrities celebrating their self importance. Try as they might last night in the capital of Fantasy Land to create a program that would transport us beyond current events, they never came close." He also complained that many of the evening's comments and jokes seemed tone deaf and disrespectful in light of the war.
Ratings and reception
The American telecast on ABC drew in an average of 33.04 million people over its length, which was a 21% decrease from the previous year's ceremony. An estimated 62.55 million total viewers watched all or part of the awards. The show also earned lower Nielsen ratings compared to the previous ceremony with 20.58% of households watching over a 40.34 share. In addition, it garnered a lower 18–49 demo rating with a 12.55 rating over a 35.37 share among viewers in that demographic. Many media outlets observed that cable news coverage of the Iraq war diverted home viewers' attention from the ceremony and therefore contributed to the lower ratings. To date, it earned the lowest viewership for an Academy Award telecast since figures were compiled beginning with the 46th ceremony in 1974 and the lowest ratings for any broadcast since Nielsen Media Research kept track of such data since the 33rd ceremony in 1961.
In July 2003, the ceremony presentation received eight nominations at the 55th Primetime Emmys. Two months later, the ceremony won three of those nominations for Outstanding Art Direction For A Variety Or Music Program (Roy Christopher), Outstanding Lighting Direction (Electronic, Multi-camera) for a Variety, Music or Comedy Program (Robert Barnhart, Robert A. Dickinson, Andy O'Reilly), and Outstanding Music Direction (Bill Conti).
The annual In Memoriam tribute, presented by actress Susan Sarandon, honored the following people.
- 9th Screen Actors Guild Awards
- 23rd Golden Raspberry Awards
- 45th Grammy Awards
- 55th Primetime Emmy Awards
- 56th British Academy Film Awards
- 57th Tony Awards
- 60th Golden Globe Awards
- List of submissions to the 75th Academy Awards for Best Foreign Language Film
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- Osborne, Robert (2013). 85 Years of the Oscar: The Complete History of the Academy Awards. New York, United States: Abbeville Publishing Group. ISBN 0-7892-1142-4.
- Pond, Steve (2005), The Big Show: High Times and Dirty Dealings Backstage at the Academy Awards, New York, United States: Faber and Faber, ISBN 0-571-21193-3.
- Official websites
- Academy Awards Official website
- The Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences Official website
- Oscar's Channel at YouTube (run by the Academy of Motion Picture Arts and Sciences)
- News resources
- Other resources