American Athletic Conference
|American Athletic Conference|
|Established||May 31, 1979|
|Division||Division I FBS|
|Members||15 (11 Full, 4 Associate)|
|Sports fielded||21 (men's: 10; women's: 11)|
|Former names||Big East (1979–2013)|
|Headquarters||Providence, Rhode Island|
|Commissioner||Michael Aresco (since 2012)|
The American Athletic Conference (also known as The American and sometimes abbreviated AAC) is an American collegiate athletic conference, featuring 11 member universities and four associate member universities that compete in the National Collegiate Athletic Association's (NCAA) Division I, with its football teams competing in the Football Bowl Subdivision (FBS). Member universities represent a range of private and public universities of various enrollment sizes located primarily in urban metropolitan areas in the Northeastern, Midwestern, Western, and Southern regions of the United States.
The American was considered one of the six collegiate power conferences of the Bowl Championship Series (BCS) era. With the advent of the College Football Playoff in 2014, The American became a "Group of Five" conference, which shares one automatic spot in the New Year's Six bowl games.
The league is the product of substantial turmoil in the original Big East Conference during the 2010–14 conference realignment period. It is one of two conferences to emerge from the all-sports Big East in 2013. While the other successor, which does not sponsor football, purchased the Big East Conference name, The American inherited the old Big East's structure and is that conference's legal successor. However, both conferences claim 1979 as their founding date, and the same history up to 2013. The American is headquartered in Providence, Rhode Island, and led by Commissioner Michael Aresco.
The original Big East
The original Big East Conference was founded in 1979 as a basketball conference and included the colleges of Providence, St. John's, Georgetown, and Syracuse, which in turn invited Connecticut (UConn), Holy Cross, Rutgers, and Boston College to be members. UConn and Boston College would accept the invitation, while Holy Cross soon thereafter declined the invitation, and Rutgers eventually declined and remained in the Atlantic 10 Conference (then known as the Eastern 8 Conference). Seton Hall was then invited as a replacement, and the conference started play with seven members.
The conference remained largely unchanged until 1991, when it began to sponsor football, adding Miami as a full member, and Rutgers, Temple, Virginia Tech, and West Virginia as football-only members. Rutgers and West Virginia upgraded to full Big East membership in 1995, while Virginia Tech did the same in 2000. Temple football was kicked out after the 2004 season, but rejoined in 2012 and intended to become a full Big East member in 2013.
The unusual structure of the Big East, with the "football" and "non-football" schools, led to instability in the conference. The waves of defection and replacement brought about by the conference realignments of 2005 and the early 2010s revealed tension between the football-sponsoring and non-football schools that eventually led to the split of the conference in 2013.
Realignment and reorganization
The conference was reorganized following the tumultuous period of realignment that hobbled the Big East between 2010 and 2013. The Big East was one of the most severely impacted conferences during the most recent conference realignment period. In all, 14 member schools announced their departure for other conferences, and 15 other schools announced plans to join the conference (eight as all-sports members, and four for football only). Three of the latter group later backed out of their plans to join (one for all sports, and the other two for football only).
On December 15, 2012, the Big East's seven remaining non-FBS schools, all Catholic institutions – DePaul, Georgetown, Marquette, Providence, St. John's, Seton Hall, and Villanova – announced that they voted unanimously to leave the Big East Conference, effective June 30, 2015. The "Catholic 7", by leaving, were looking for a more lucrative television deal than the one they would receive by remaining with the football schools. In March 2013, representatives of the Catholic 7 announced they would leave the conference effective June 30, 2013, retaining the Big East name, $10 million, and the right to hold the conference's basketball tournament at Madison Square Garden.
Following the announcement of the departure of the Catholic 7 universities, the remaining ten football-playing members started the process of selecting a new name for the conference and choosing a new site to hold its basketball tournament. Various names were considered, with the "America 12" conference reportedly one of the finalists until rejected by college presidents sensitive of adding a number to the end of the conference name. On April 3, 2013, the conference announced that it had chosen a new name: American Athletic Conference. The conference also revealed that it prefers the nickname "The American" because it was thought "AAC" would cause too much confusion with the Atlantic Coast Conference (ACC).
Louisville and Rutgers spent one season in the renamed conference. On July 1, 2014, Louisville joined the ACC and Rutgers joined the Big Ten Conference. On that same day, East Carolina, Tulane, and Tulsa joined The American for all sports, while Sacramento State and San Diego State joined as associate members for women's rowing. Navy joined as an associate member in football on July 1, 2015.
The conference currently has eleven full member institutions – and four associate members – in eleven states, including California, Connecticut, Florida, Louisiana, Maryland, North Carolina, Ohio, Oklahoma, Pennsylvania, Tennessee, and Texas.
|University of Central Florida||Orlando, Florida
|1963||2013||Public (SUSF)||60,810||Knights||Black & Gold|
|University of Cincinnati||Cincinnati, Ohio
|1819||2005||Public (USO)||44,338||Bearcats||Black and Red|
|University of Connecticut||Storrs, Connecticut
|1881||1979||Public||31,624||Huskies||National Flag Blue and White|
|East Carolina University||Greenville, North Carolina
|1907||2014||Public (UNC)||27,511||Pirates||Purple & Gold|
|University of Houston||Houston, Texas
|1927||2013||Public (UH System)||42,704||Cougars||Red & White|
|University of Memphis||Memphis, Tennessee
|1912||2013||Public (TBR)||21,480||Tigers||Blue & Gray|
|University of South Florida||Tampa, Florida
|1956||2005||Public (SUSF)||48,353||Bulls||Green & Gold|
|Southern Methodist University||Dallas, Texas
|1911||2013||Private (Methodist)||10,929||Mustangs||Red & Blue|
|Temple University||Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
|1884||1991, 2012||Public (CSHE)||37,788||Owls||Cherry & White|
|Tulane University||New Orleans, Louisiana
|1834||2014||Private||13,531||Green Wave||Olive green & Sky blue|
|University of Tulsa||Tulsa, Oklahoma
|1894||2014||Private (Presbyterian)||4,682||Golden Hurricane||Royal blue and Old gold|
|California State University, Sacramento||Sacramento, California
|1947||2014||Public (CSU)||28,811||Hornets||Rowing||Big Sky|
|San Diego State University||San Diego, California
|1897||2014||Public (CSU)||29,392||Aztecs||Rowing||Mountain West|
|United States Naval Academy
|Annapolis, Maryland||1845||2015||Federal||4,400||Midshipmen||Football||Patriot League|
Former full members
Two full members have departed from the conference.
|Rutgers University||New Brunswick, New Jersey
|1766||1991||2014||Public (RU)||66,013||Scarlet Knights||Big Ten|
|University of Louisville||Louisville, Kentucky
Former associate members
One associate member has left the conference.
Former AAC Sport
|Villanova University||Villanova, Pennsylvania
|1842||2013||2015||Private/Catholic (Augustinian)||10,735||Wildcats||Rowing||Big East||CAA|
The American sponsors championship competition in ten men's and eleven women's NCAA sanctioned sports. Sacramento State and San Diego State are associate members for women's rowing. Conference members who sponsor women's lacrosse and field hockey compete as associate members of the Big East. Under NCAA rules reflecting the large number of male scholarship participants in football and attempting to address gender equity concerns (see also Title IX), each member institution is required to provide more women's varsity sports than men's.
|Swimming & Diving|
|Track and Field (Indoor)|
|Track and Field (Outdoor)|
Men's sponsored sports by school
Men's varsity sports not sponsored by The American which are played by conference schools:
Women's sponsored sports by school
|Tennis|| Track & Field|
| Track & Field|
|San Diego State||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||N||1|
Women's varsity sports not sponsored by The American which are played by conference schools:
|Bowling||Fencing||Field Hockey||Equestrian||Gymnastics||Ice hockey||Lacrosse||Rifle||Sailing|
|Connecticut||—||—||—||Big East||—||—||Hockey East||Big East||—||—|
|Temple||—||—||NIWFA||Big East||—||Independent||—||Big East||—||—|
- Women's Bowling - The Southland Conference provides administrative support for the Southland Bowling League, but the SBL operates independently from regular conference operations. The women's bowling league was established in 2015 and includes Southland Conference members Sam Houston State and Stephen F. Austin, plus Arkansas State, Louisiana Tech, Monmouth, Tulane, Valparaiso and Vanderbilt.
- East Carolina will elevate its club team in women's lacrosse to full varsity status in the 2018 season (2017–18 school year).
NCAA team championships
Excluded from this list are all national championships earned outside the scope of NCAA competition, including Division I FBS football titles, women's AIAW championships, equestrian titles, and retroactive Helms Athletic Foundation titles.
|School||Total||Men||Women||Co-ed||Nickname||Most successful sport (Titles)|
|University of Connecticut||21||6||15||0||Huskies||Women's basketball (11)|
|University of Houston||17||17||0||0||Cougars||Men's golf (16)|
|U.S. Naval Academy||5||5||0||0||Midshipmen||Men's Fencing (3)|
|Southern Methodist University||4||4||0||0||Mustangs||Men's outdoor track & field (2)|
|Temple University||3||1||2||0||Owls||Women's lacrosse (2)|
|University of Cincinnati||2||2||0||0||Bearcats||Men's basketball (2)|
|Tulane University||1||1||0||0||Green Wave||Men's tennis (1)|
|University of Tulsa||1||0||1||0||Golden Hurricane||Women's golf (1)|
|University of South Florida||0||0||0||0||Bulls||n/a|
|University of Central Florida||0||0||0||0||Knights||n/a|
|East Carolina University||0||0||0||0||Pirates||n/a|
|University of Memphis||0||0||0||0||Tigers||n/a|
The conference began football during the 1991–92 season, and was a founding member of the Bowl Championship Series. Previously conference opponents operated on a two-year cycle, as a home-and-home series.
|West Division||East Division|
The conference previously did not have enough teams to form divisions, but now does after Navy joined the conference in 2015. When Navy joined in 2015 and divisions were created, Navy was placed in the West division along with Houston, Memphis, SMU, Tulane, and Tulsa. Teams play eight conference games a season. Beginning in 2015, each team will face the other five teams in its own division, as well as three teams from the other division, operating in a four-year cycle ensuring that each school will play every conference opponent at home and on the road at least once in the four-year cycle. The East and West division winners, determined by final conference record, meet in the American Athletic Conference Football Championship Game, which is played at the home site of one of the division winners.
Like the conference itself, football experienced much transition through its history – in fact it was the main force behind such departures and expansion. In 2003, the BCS announced that it would adjust the automatic bids granted to its six founding conferences based on results from 2004 to 2007. With the addition of Cincinnati, Louisville, and South Florida in 2005, the conference retained its BCS automatic-qualifying status. In 2007, South Florida rose to No. 2 in the BCS rankings, but finished No. 21 in the final poll. Cincinnati finished the 2009 regular season undefeated at 12–0, and ranked No. 3 in the final BCS standings, barely missing the opportunity to play for the BCS National Championship. The conference was 9–7 (.563) in BCS bowl games, the third highest winning percentage amongst the AQ conferences.
All-time school records by winning percentage
As of December 2015.
|No.||Team||Overall Record||Win Pct.|| Conference |
| Conf. |
|First Year|| The American |
| National |
The American Championship Game pits the Eastern Division representative against the Western Division representative in a game held following the conclusion of the regular season. The site of the Championship Game is the home stadium of the division champion with the best overall conference record. In the event that the two division champions are tied, then the head-to-head record shall be used as the tiebreaker. Prior to the 2015 season, when the conference split into two six-team divisions and created a conference championship game, The American awarded its championship to the team(s) with the best overall conference record.
|Year||Champions||Conference||Overall||AP||Coaches'||Bowl result||Head coach|
|2013||UCF||8–0||12–1||#10||#12||W Fiesta Bowl 52–42 vs. Baylor†||George O'Leary|
|2014||UCF||7–1||9–4||N/A||N/A||L St. Petersburg Bowl 27–34 vs. NC State||George O'Leary|
|Cincinnati||7–1||9–4||N/A||N/A||L Military Bowl 17–33 vs. Virginia Tech||Tommy Tuberville|
|Memphis||7–1||10–3||#25||#25||W Miami Beach Bowl 55–48 vs. BYU||Justin Fuente|
|2015||Houston||7–1||13–1||#8||#8||W Peach Bowl 38–24 vs. Florida State†||Tom Herman|
The American has many rivalries among its member schools, primarily in football. Some rivalries existed before the conference was established or began play in football. Recent conference realignment in 2005 and 2013 ended – or temporarily halted – many rivalries. Before their departure to other conferences, a number of former member schools held longtime rivalries within the conference.
|Teams||Rivalry Name||Trophy||Meetings||Began||Record||Series leader||Current Streak|
|Memphis-Cincinnati||—||—||32||1966||20–13–0||Memphis||Memphis won 2|
|Connecticut–UCF|| Civil Conflict* |
(unofficial, not recognized by UCF)
|---||3||2013||2–1–0||Connecticut||Connecticut won 2|
|East Carolina–UCF||—||—||13||1991||9–4–0||East Carolina||ECU won 1|
|Navy–SMU||—||Gansz Trophy||16||1930||9–7–0||Navy||Navy won 5|
|Houston–SMU||—||—||31||1975||20–10–1||Houston||Houston won 3|
|South Florida–UCF||War on I–4||War on I-4 Trophy||8||2005||6–2–0||South Florida||USF won 2|
|Tulsa–UCF||—||—||8||2005||5–3–0||Tulsa||UCF won 1|
|Houston-Tulsa||—||—||39||1950||21-18||Houston||Houston won 2|
Following the 2013 season, the BCS era came to a close and was replaced by the College Football Playoff. Four teams will play in two semifinal games, with the winners advancing to the new College Football Championship Game. Six bowl games — the Rose Bowl, Sugar Bowl, Orange Bowl, Cotton Bowl, Fiesta Bowl, and Peach Bowl — will rotate as hosts for the semifinal games, and host major bowls when they do not host semifinal games (access bowls).
With the birth of the College Football Playoff, The American lost its automatic qualifying status for one of the major bowls. Instead, one automatic qualifying spot is reserved for the highest ranked team from the "Group of Five" conferences - The American, Conference USA, the Mid-American Conference, Mountain West Conference, and Sun Belt Conference.
Although the pick order usually corresponds to the conference standings, the bowls are not required to make their choices strictly according to the won-lost records; many factors influence bowl selections, especially the likely turnout of the team's fans. Picks are made after any applicable College Football Playoff selections. If a team is selected for the one of the access bowls or playoff, the bowl with the No. 2 pick will have the first pick of the remaining teams in the conference.
|2014–19||Cotton, Peach, Fiesta, or Playoff||Dallas, Atlanta, Glendale, or Playoff Site||CFP At-Large|
|2014–19||Birmingham Bowl||Birmingham, Alabama||SEC|
|2014–19||St. Petersburg Bowl||St. Petersburg, Florida||ACC or C-USA|
|2014–19||Miami Beach Bowl||Miami, Florida||BYU (2014), C-USA, MAC, or Sun Belt|
|2014–19||Military Bowl||Annapolis, Maryland||ACC|
|2014/16/17/19||Armed Forces Bowl||Fort Worth, Texas||Big 12 or Army|
|2016/18||Bahamas Bowl||Nassau, Bahamas||MAC or C-USA|
|2015–19||Cure Bowl||Orlando, Florida||Sun Belt|
|2015/17/19||Hawaiʻi Bowl||Honolulu, Hawaii||MWC or BYU|
|2015/16/17/19||Boca Raton Bowl||Boca Raton, Florida||MAC or C-USA|
|2018–19||New Orleans Bowl||New Orleans, Louisiana||MAC or Sun Belt|
|2014–19||Liberty, Independence, and Poinsettia Bowls||Memphis, Shreveport, and San Diego||ACC or SEC (Backup Agreement)|
Head football coach compensation
|1||University of Houston||Orlando, ToddTodd Orlando||interim|
|2||Southern Methodist University||Morris, ChadChad Morris||$2,600,000|
|3||Temple University||Rhule, MattMatt Rhule||$2,500,000|
|4||University of Cincinnati||Tuberville, TommyTommy Tuberville||$2,400,000|
|5||United States Naval Academy||Niumatalolo, KenKen Niumatalolo||$2,250,000|
|6||University of South Florida||Taggart, WillieWillie Taggart||$2,000,000|
|7||University of Memphis||Norvell, MikeMike Norvell||$1,800,000+|
|8||University of Central Florida||Frost, ScottScott Frost||$1,700,000+|
|8||University of Connecticut||Diaco, BobBob Diaco||$1,700,000|
|10||Tulane University||Fritz, WillieWillie Fritz||$1,500,000+|
|11||East Carolina University||Montgomery, ScottieScottie Montgomery||$1,250,000+|
|12||University of Tulsa||Montgomery, PhilipPhilip Montgomery||$800,000|
- † New hire
Conference individual honors
Even though the Big East Conference was meant to be a basketball-oriented conference, UConn, a member of The American, won the 2014 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Tournament (the first after the conferences split).
All-time school records by winning percentage
This list goes through the 2014-2015 Season
|No.||Team||Records||Win Pct.|| The American|
| The American |
|Final Fours|| National |
|2013-14||Louisville||31–6 (15–3)||#5||#9||NCAA Sweet Sixteen||Louisville||31–6||#5||#9||NCAA Sweet Sixteen|
|Cincinnati||27–7 (15–3)||#15||#22||NCAA Second Round|
|2014-15||SMU||27–7 (15–3)||#18||RV||NCAA First Round||SMU||27–7||#18||RV||NCAA First Round|
|2015-16||Temple||21–12 (14–4)||NR||NR||NCAA First Round||Connecticut||25–10 (11–7)||RV||RV||NCAA Second Round|
- Connecticut, after being eliminated form the Conference Championship Tournament, went on to become the National Champions after beating the University of Kentucky 60 - 54 in the 2014 Men's NCAA Basketball Championships
In June 2013, it was announced that the inaugural women's basketball tournament would take place at the Mohegan Sun in Connecticut. Women's basketball teams have played a total of 20 times in the NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship (since 1982), with UConn winning 11 national championships under head coach Geno Auriemma since 1995. Women's national championship tournaments prior to 1982 were run by the AIAW.
All-time school records by winning percentage
|No.||Team||Records||Win Pct.|| The American|
| The American |
|Final Fours|| National |
|2013–14||Connecticut||40–0 (18–0)||#1||#1||NCAA Champion||Connecticut||40–0 (18–0)||#1||#1||NCAA Champion|
|2014–15||Connecticut||38–1 (18–0)||#1||#1||NCAA Champion||Connecticut||38–1 (18–0)||#1||#1||NCAA Champion|
|2015–16||Connecticut||38–0 (18–0)||#1||#1||NCAA Champion||Connecticut||38–0 (18–0)||#1||#1||NCAA Champion|
One of the current member schools, Tulane University, is a member of the Association of American Universities (AAU), an organization of 62 leading research universities in the United States and Canada. Seven members are doctorate-granting universities with "very high research activity," the highest classification given by the Carnegie Foundation for the Advancement of Teaching. Member schools are also highly ranked nationally and globally by various groups, including U.S. News & World Report, Washington Monthly, and Times Higher Education.
- ABC broadcasts select football games.
- CBS broadcasts up to 12 appearances for men's and women's basketball games. CBS, under a separate contract with Navy that predated its association with The American for football, also carries select Navy neutral site football games, including all games against the U.S. Military Academy and select games against Notre Dame.
- CBS Sports Network broadcasts football, men's and women's basketball, and baseball.
- ESPN broadcasts football, men's and women's basketball, across its networks (ESPN, ESPN2, ESPN3, ESPNews, and ESPNU). ESPN broadcasts the men's and women's basketball tournament, and the football championship game.
- Fox Sports Ohio broadcasts select men's basketball and football games for the University of Cincinnati.
- SportsNet New York broadcasts select men's basketball, women's basketball, and football games for the University of Connecticut.
- American Digital Network broadcasts women's basketball games, most conference events otherwise not televised, baseball championship game, championship games for select olympic sports. The American Digital Network streams online on the American Athletic Conference website.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to American Athletic Conference.|
- The American is the legal all-sports successor to the Big East Conference (1979–2013). The Big East was rebranded and reorganized as the American Athletic Conference on July 1, 2013.
- The American is the legal successor to the Big East Conference (1979–2013) and retains its charter. The current Big East Conference purchased the "Big East" name during the 2013 conference breakup.
- The American inherited the Big East's automatic berth to a BCS game for the 2013 season.
- The other conferences in the "Group of Five" are Conference USA (C-USA), the Mid-American Conference (MAC), the Mountain West Conference, and the Sun Belt Conference.
- Connecticut's football program did not join the conference until 2004.
- Temple was not a Big East football member between the 2005 and 2011 seasons, most of this time being spent in the Mid-American Conference. Temple joined as a football only member in 2012, and as an all-sports member in 2013.
- Rutgers joined the conference in 1991 as a football only member, and joined in all-sports in 1995.
- Under NCAA Bylaw 20.9.4, all Division I schools are required to sponsor a minimum of seven men's and seven women's sports, or six men's and eight women's sports. Bylaw 184.108.40.206 imposes the latter requirement on FBS schools. FCS schools, under Bylaw 220.127.116.11, may use either requirement. Note that this does not explicitly require that a school sponsor two more women's sports than men's sports. See "2012–13 NCAA Division I Manual" (PDF). NCAA. Retrieved 2013-03-07.
- Navy will continue to field its other sports in the NCAA Division I Patriot League.
- Rifle is technically a men's sport, but men's, women's, and coed teams all compete against each other.
- The only category of rowing that the NCAA governs is women's heavyweight rowing. All men's rowing is governed by the Intercollegiate Rowing Association.
- At the time Navy joined in football, the NCAA required 12 teams for a conference to conduct divisional play and stage a championship game. Starting with the 2016 season, a conference can conduct a championship game with fewer than 12 members, as long as it either plays in two divisions or conducts a full round-robin schedule.
- If The American's champion is the highest ranked from among the "Group of Five" conferences, it will receive a bid to either the Cotton Bowl, the Peach Bowl, or the Fiesta Bowl. If the team is ranked in the top four at the end of the regular season, it will take part in the College Football Playoff.
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Beyond the challenge of avoiding something that looked corporate, the league also couldn't build the logo around an acronym. From the very beginning, the conference office has been adamant that it wants to be known as The American instead of the AAC to avoid confusion with the Atlantic Coast Conference.
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