List of political parties in South Korea

This article is part of a series on the
politics and government of
South Korea

This article lists political parties in South Korea. South Korea has a weakly institutionalized multi-party system,[1][2] characterized by frequent changes in party arrangements. Political parties have a chance of gaining power alone.

Current parties

Main parties

Following the 2016 legislative election, four political parties will be present in the 20th National Assembly:

Party Assembly
Party leader Floor leader Position Ideology Comments Status
  Saenuri Party (SP)
129 Park Geun-hae Chung Jin-suk Centre-right
[3][4][5][6][7] to Right-wing[8][9]
Conservatism see: Conservatism in South Korea
Conservative; formerly called the Grand National Party.
Ruling party
  Democratic Party of Korea (DPK)
Deobureo minjudang
122 Choo Mi-ae Woo Sang-ho Centre to Centre-left
Social liberalism see: Liberalism in South Korea
Liberal; merged from the Democratic Party and the minor New Political Vision Party.
  People's Party (PP)
38 Park Jie-won Park Jie-won Centre Centrism see: Liberalism in South Korea
Liberal; splintered from the Minjoo Party of Korea.
Justice Party (JP)
6 Sim Sang-jung, Na Gyung-che, Kim Se-kyun, Roh Hoe-chan Left-wing Progressivism See: Progressivism in South Korea
Progressive; splintered from the Unified Progressive Party


  1. The total number of representatives is 300.
  2. 5 elected representatives are independents.

Extra-parliamentary parties

Defunct parties

Timeline of all mainstream political parties

Conservative parties

Mainstream parties

Minor parties

Liberal parties

Mainstream parties

Minor parties

Progressive parties

Green parties

Banned parties

See also


  1. Wong, Joseph (2015). "South Korea's Weakly Institutionalized Party System". Party System Institutionalization in Asia: Democracies, Autocracies, and the Shadows of the Past. Cambridge University Press. pp. 260–279.
  2. Wong, Joseph (2012). "Transitioning from a dominant party system to multi-party system: The case of South Korea". Friend or Foe? Dominant Party Systems in Southern Africa: Insights from the Developing World. United Nations University Press. pp. 68–84.
  3. Manyin, Mark E. (2003), South Korean Politics and Rising "Anti-Americanism": Implications for U.S. Policy Toward North Korea (PDF), Congressional Research Service
  4. The Economist, print edition, April 11, 2008, South Korea's election: A narrow victory for the business-friendly centre-right, Accessed Oct 19, 2013.
  5. Cronin, Patrick M. (2009), Global Strategic Assessment 2009: America's Security Role in a Changing World, INSS
  6. Global Security: Japan and Korea; Tenth Report of Session 2007-08, House of Commons of the United Kingdom, 2008
  7. Klassen, Thomas R. (2013), Korea's Retirement Predicament: The Ageing Tiger, Routledge, p. 12
  8. Oum, Young Rae (2008), Korean American diaspora subjectivity: Gender, ethnicity, dependency, and self-reflexivity, ProQuest, p. 144
  9. Routledge Handbook of Criminology
  10. Kang, Jiwon (2014-03-02). "[강지원의 뉴스! 정면승부] "국가지도자 추구하는 안철수, 의원 2명인 곳에서 뜻 펼치긴 어려워"-민주당 설훈 의원" (in Korean). YTN. Retrieved 2014-04-01.
  11. Chae, Jongwon (2014-03-31). 안보·경제민주화 양축…金·安 공동대표 가능성 (in Korean). Maeil Economy. Retrieved 2014-04-01.
  12. Yonhap News Agency, December 19, 2014, , “...South Korea's Constitutional Court on Friday ordered the dissolution of a pro-North Korean minor opposition party...”
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