List of political parties in Mongolia

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This article lists political parties in Mongolia. Before 2008, Mongolia had a winner-takes-all voting system, which meant that there could be large differences in the composition of the parliament between elections, and that strict party discipline was not encouraged. In the 2008 parliamentary elections, a block voting system was used. In the 2012 elections, 48 seats were chosen at the local level, and 28 were chosen proportionally by party. Elections results were delayed due to a controversy over accuracy of the results.[1] In the 2016 elections, after a new change of the electoral law, the then-governing Democratic Party lost to a landslide victory of the Mongolian People's Party.[2]

Current parties

Parties with MPs in the State Great Khural

Party 2008
  Mongolian People's Party (MPP, MPRP before 2012) 45 26 65
  Democratic Party (DP) 28 34 9
  Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (MPRP) 1
  Justice Coalition (Shudarga Yos Evsel, SYE)
Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party (Mongol Ardiin Khuvsgalt Nam, MPRP)
and the Mongolian National Democratic Party (MNDP)
  Civil Will-Green Party (CWGP) 1 2 0
  Mongolian Green Party (MGP) 1 0 0
Independent candidates 1 3 1

Other parties

Presidential elections

Tsakhiagiin Elbegdorj of the Democratic Party won the 2009 presidential election, defeating Nambaryn Enkhbayar of the Mongolian People's Revolutionary Party by a narrow margin.[6]

Defunct parties


  1. Maxim Duncan, David Stanway, Ed Lane (June 30, 2012). "Mongolia alliance opposed to foreign miners posts strong poll gain". Reuters.
  2. 1 2 "Mongolian opposition wins landslide, voters fed up with hard times". Reuters. 30 June 2016. Retrieved 27 August 2016.
  3. "Newly elected Mongolian lawmakers take office". Global Times. July 6, 2012.
  4. Yuriy Humber (July 6, 2012). "Mongolia's Parliament Begins Session; Four Seats Still Undecided". Bloomberg.
  5. Mongolia's new election rules handicap smaller parties, clear way for two-horse race Reuters, 20 May 2016
  6. "Mongolia bars ex-president from parliamentary elections". China Daily News. June 8, 2012.

See also

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