Liberal Party (South Korea)

Liberal Party
Leader Syngman Rhee
Founder Syngman Rhee
Founded December 17, 1951 (1951-12-17)
Dissolved January 24, 1970 (1970-01-24)
Headquarters Seoul, South Korea
Ideology Ilminism
Political authoritarianism
Political position Right-wing to Far-right[2]

The Liberal Party (자유당, 自由黨) was a political party in South Korea established in 1951 by Syngman Rhee.


As the 1952 Presidential Elections neared, Rhee made public his intention to organize a party during his August 15 Speech in 1951.[3] Rhee called Yi Bum-seok, then the ambassador in China, and charged him with creating the Liberal Party. Yi used the strong organizational base of "Chosun Youth Nationalist League" as a starting point and incorporated the major five organizations: "Korean Citizens Council", "Korean Federation of Labor", "Peasant Federation", Korean Council of Wives" as temporary sub-organizations under the Liberal Party.


  1. 《현대 한국정치 이론: 역사 현실 1945 ~ 2011》 240p ~ 265p
  2. 《대한민국사 3》 60p ~ 110p
  3. Joong-Seok Seo, The Korean War and Rise in Power of the Rhee Syngman Regime, History Review《역사비평》, 9 (Summer 1990) p.141
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