Administrative divisions of Somalia

Regions of Somalia
Gobolada Soomaaliya(Somali)
مناطق الصومال


Category Unitary state
Location Federal Republic of Somalia
Number 18 Regions
Populations Unknown
Areas Unknown
Government Region government
Subdivisions District
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Somalia is officially divided into eighteen (18) administrative regions (gobollada, singular gobol),[1] which in turn are subdivided into ninety (90) districts (plural degmooyin; singular degmo).

On a de facto basis, northern Somalia is now divided up among the autonomous regions of Puntland (which considers itself an autonomous state) and Somaliland (a self-declared but un-recognized sovereign state). In central Somalia, Galmudug is another regional entity that emerged just south of Puntland.[1] For these post-civil war divisions, see States and regions of Somalia.

Regions and districts

Central Somalia
North Eastern Somalia
North Western Somalia
Southern Somalia

Historical divisions


In 1931, Italian Somaliland consisted of seven commissariats.[2]

Following the 1935–36 Second Italo-Abyssinian War, Italian Somaliland became part of Italian East Africa with Abyssinia (Ethiopia) and Eritrea. Italian Somaliland was one of six governorates of the new colony, the Somalia Governorate, and incorporated Somali-inhabited parts of the former Abyssinia. The governorate was subdivided into 10 commissariats, which were themselves divided into residencies.

Following World War II, the Italian-administered Trust Territory of Somalia consisted of six Regions.[2]

The British Somaliland protectorate also consisted of two Regions.[2]


Upon independence in 1960, the Somali Republic maintained the 12 districts of the former Italian Somaliland and British Somaliland that merged to form the new country.[2] In 1964, a new Northeastern (Burao) Province was established by merging Burao, Erigavo, and Las Anod and a Northwestern (Hargeisa) Province was formed from Berbera, Borama, and Hargeisa districts.[2] In 1968, the capital of Basso Giuba was moved from Kismayo to Jamame. The 8 provinces at this time were:[2]

Province Area(km²) Capital
Benadir 45,004 Mogadishu
Burao 128,000 Burao
Hargeisa 48,000 Hargeisa
Hiran 25,647 Beled Weyne
Lower Juba 49,917 Jamame
Migiurtinia 90,744 Bosaso (Bender Cassim)
Mudug 118,737 Galkayo
Upper Juba 131,492 Baidoa

In 1982, Somalia reorganized from eight provinces into 16 regions.[2] In June 1984, Awdal was split from Woqooyi Galbeed and Sool was split from Nugaal to form the current 18 regions.[2]

See also


  1. 1 2 3 "Somalia". World Factbook. Central Intelligence Agency. 2009-05-14. Archived from the original on 10 June 2009. Retrieved 2009-05-31.
  2. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 "Regions of Somalia". Statoids. Retrieved 20 February 2011.
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