President of Somalia

President of the
Federal Republic of Somalia
Madaxaweynaha Jamhuuriyadda Federaalka Soomaaliyeed

Presidential Seal

Flag of Somalia
Hassan Sheikh Mohamud

since 16 September 2012
Residence Villa Somalia
Term length Four years, renewable once
Inaugural holder Aden Abdullah Osman Daar
Formation 1 July 1960
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The President of Somalia (Somali: Madaxaweynaha Soomaaliya) is the head of state of Somalia. The President is also commander-in-chief of the Somali Armed Forces. the President represents the Federal Republic of Somalia, and the unity of the Somali nation, as well as ensuring the implementation of the Constitution of Somalia and the organized and harmonious functioning of the organs of state.[1] The office of President of Somalia was established with the proclamation of the Republic of Somalia on 1 July 1960. The first President of Somalia was Aden Abdullah Osman Daar. The current office-holder is the 8th President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud, since 16 September 2012.[2]


The first President of Somalia was Aden Abdullah Osman Daar, one of the leaders of the Somali Youth League (SYL), who took office on 1 July 1960, the day on which Somalia was declared a republic. Since then the office has been held by seven further people: Abdirashid Ali Shermarke, Mohamed Siyad Barre, Ali Mahdi, Abdiqasim Salad, Abdullahi Yusuf, Sharif Sheikh Ahmed, and Hassan Sheikh Mohamud. In addition, Sheikh Mukhtar acted as President between Sharmarke's assassination and the coup d'état, and Aden Madobe acted as President after Yusuf's resignation in the 2008.

Sharif Sheikh Ahmed took office on 31 January 2009, after being elected by the presidential election held on January 2009. Ahmed's term as President of Somalia officially ended In August 2012, concurrent with the conclusion of the Transitional Federal Government's mandate and the start of the Federal Government of Somalia. He was succeeded in office by General Muse Hassan, who had been serving in an interim capacity.[3]

Current President Mohamud took office on 16 September 2012, after being elected by the presidential election held on 10 September 2012.[4]

Qualifications and Election

In order to become the President of Somalia, the candidate must:[1]

(a) Being a Somali citizen and a Muslim;

(b) Being not less than forty years of age;

(c) Having relevant knowledge or experience for the role;

(d) Having a sound mind; and

(e) Not having been convicted by a court of a major crime.

The election of the President must begin at least 30 days before the term of office of the incumbent president expires or 10 days after the presidency falls vacant, and must be completed within 30 days of the beginning of the election, Candidates must be declared to the bureau of the parliament within the first 10 days of this period, and elections must be completed within the remaining 20 days.

Formerly, the President was elected by the members of the Somali Parliament.quirements and who are eligible to become members of parliament.

Term of office

The President is selected for a term of office of four years, and can be re-elected only once.

The term of office of the incumbent president continues until the President-elect takes office.

On assuming office, the president takes the following oath before the parliament;

I swear in the name of Allah that I will perform my duties honestly and in the best interest of the Nation, People, and Religion, and that I will abide by the Constitution and the other Laws of the Country.

Duties and responsibilities

An outline of the duties are as follow:[1]

List of President of Somalia

Living former Presidents

President Term of Office Date of Birth
Ali Mahdi Muhammad 19911997 January 1, 1939
Abdiqasim Salad Hassan 20002004 January 1, 1941
Sharif Sheikh Ahmed 20092012 July 25, 1964

Latest election

See also


  1. 1 2 3
  2. The Illustrated Library of The World and Its Peoples: Africa, North and East, Greystone Press: 1967, p. 338
  3. "Office of the Somali Parliament". Office of the Somali Parliament. Retrieved 24 August 2012.
  4. "Somalia Federal Parliament elects Hassan Sheikh Mohamud as President". Garowe Online. 10 September 2012. Retrieved 10 September 2012.
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